Labour force by age and sex
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Source: UNECE Statistical Database, compiled from national and international (Eurostat and ILO) official sources.

Definition:
The labour force/economically active population includes all residents who are either employed or unemployed.
The employed are all persons above a specified age who, during a specified brief period, either one week or one day, were in the following categories:
(a) paid employment:
(a1) at work: persons who, during the reference period, performed some work for wage or salary, in cash or in kind;
(a2) with a job but not at work: persons who, having already worked in their present job, were temporarily not at work during the reference period and had a formal attachment to their job;
(b) self-employment:
(b1) at work: persons who, during the reference period, performed some work for profit or family gain, in cash or in kind;
(b2) with an enterprise but not at work: persons with an enterprise, which may be a business enterprise, a farm or a service undertaking, who were temporarily not at work during the reference period for any specific reason.
The unemployed are all persons above a specific age who, during the reference period, were:
(a) without work, i.e. were not in paid employment or self-employment, and
(b) currently available for work, i.e. were available for paid employment or self-employment during the reference period, and
(c) seeking work, i.e. had taken specific steps in a specified reference period to seek paid employment or self-employment.
For additional information, see the International Conference of Labour Statisticians (ICLS).
The economic activity rate is the share of the labour force (employed + unemployed) in the total population aged 15+.

General note: Data come from the Labour Force Survey (LFS) unless otherwise specified. Data from the LFS and from population censuses normally comply with the definition above.
Country: Albania
Break in methodology (2001): Data from Population Census
Country: Albania
Break in methodology (2002): from 2002 to 2006, data are based on administrative registers
Country: Albania
Break in methodology (2007): As of 2007 data are based on the Labour Force Survey.
Measurement: Economic activity rate , Country: Albania
Break in methodology (2007): As of 2007 data are based on the Labour Force Survey.
Measurement: Percent of corresponding total for both sexes , Country: Albania
Break in methodology (2007): As of 2007 data are based on the Labour Force Survey.
Measurement: Percent of corresponding total for both sexes , Country: Albania
Break in methodology (2002): from 2002 to 2006, data are based on administrative registers
Country: Armenia
1995 : data refer to 1997.
Data for 2007 refer to the age group 16-75. Since 2008 data refer to the age group 15-75.
2008: break in series, application of ILO definition.
2001 : data are from Population Census. For the period of 1980-2000 and 2002-2006 data on employment are based on integrated data received from various sources and data on unemployment are based on administrative register. Since 2014 data are based on the Labour Force Survey.
Country: Austria
1980-1990 : data refer to the national definition of labour force (Life Subsistence Concept). From 1995 : data comply with ILO definition.
1980 : age group 35-39 refers to 30-39; age group 45-49 refers to 40-49; age group 65-69 refers to 65+.
Country: Azerbaijan
1990-1995 : data are based on administrative registers and may not cover all active persons. From 2000 : data comply with ILO definition.
Age group 65-69 refers to 65+.
Country: Belarus
Data refer to registered persons. Since 2012 data for age group 60-64 refer to persons 60+
Measurement: Economic activity rate , Country: Belarus
Break in methodlogy (1990): data refer to 1989 and come from 1989 Population Census
Measurement: Percent of corresponding total for both sexes , Country: Belarus
Break in methodlogy (1990): data refer to 1989 and come from 1989 Population Census
Measurement: Economic activity rate , Country: Belarus
Break in methodlogy (2000): data refer to 1999 and come from 1999 Population Census
Measurement: Percent of corresponding total for both sexes , Country: Belarus
Break in methodlogy (2000): data refer to 1999 and come from 1999 Population Census
Country: Belgium
1980 : data refer to 1985.
Country: Bulgaria
1990 : data refer to 1993.
Country: Canada
1980 : age group 25-29 refers to 25-44; age group 45-49 refers to 45-54; age group 55-59 refers to 55-64; age group 65-69 refers to 65+.
1990 : age group 25-29 refers to 25-34; age group 35-39 refers to 35-44; age group 45-49 refers to 45-54; age group 55-59 refers to 55-64.
from 1995 onwards: age group 65-69 refers to 65+.
Country: Croatia
1990 : data refer to 1991. 2000 : data refer to 1998.
Country: Cyprus
Data cover only the area controlled by the Republic of Cyprus.
1990 : data refer to 1992. 1995 : official estimates.
Country: Czechia
1990 : data refer to 1991.
Country: Denmark
1980 : data refer to 1985.
1995 and 2000 : age group 65-69 refers to 65+.
Country: Estonia
1990 and 1995 : data refer to the economically active population aged 15-69. From 2000 : data refer to the economically active population aged 15-74.
Country: Finland
Data refer to the economically active population aged 15-74.
Country: France
Since 2014 data include the French overseas departments (Guadeloupe, Martinique, Guyane, La Reunion) with the exception of Mayotte.
Measurement: Active persons (in thousands) , Country: Georgia
Active population - Age group 65-69 refers to 65+.
Measurement: Percent of corresponding total for both sexes , Country: Georgia
Active population - Age group 65-69 refers to 65+.
Country: Germany
1980 : data refer to 1985.
Country: Greece
1980 : data refer to 1985.
Country: Iceland
1980 : data are based on registers. 1990 : data refer to 1991.
From 1990 : age group 15+ refers to 16-74; age group 15-19 refers to 16-19; age group 70+ refers to 70-74.
Country: Ireland
1980 : data refer to 1985.
Country: Israel
1995: data are from 1995 Census.
As of 2001 data are based on new weighting groups.
As of 2009, data are based on the 2008 Population Census estimates and on updated definition of the labour force characteristics. From 2012 active population age group 65-69 refers to 65+.
Country: Italy
1980-1990 : data refer to the economically active population aged 14+, which includes the persons who have been seeking employment in the last 6 months. From 1995 : data refer to the economically active population aged 15+, which includes the persons who have been seeking employment in the last 30 days.
Country: Kazakhstan
1990 data refer to 1989. 1995 data refer to 1997. From 2013 - active population age group 65-69 refers to 65+.
Country: Kyrgyzstan
1990 : data refer to 1989. 2000 : data comes from 1999 Population Census. 2003: break in series: change in methodology. From 2011 active population age group 65-69 refers to 65+.
Country: Latvia
1990 : data refer to 1989. 1995 : data refer to 1996.
Country: Lithuania
1990 : data refer to 1989. 1995 : data refer to 1997.
Country: Luxembourg
1980 : data refer to 1985.
Country: Malta
2000 : data refer to 1999.
Country: Moldova, Republic of
From 2011 age group 65-69 refers to 65+.
Country: Montenegro
Some data not shown due to lack of reliability (CV>=0.3).
Country: Netherlands
1980 : data refer to 1985.
Country: Norway
From 1995: age group 70+ refers to the age group 70-74.
Country: Poland
1990 : data refer 1992.
Country: Portugal
1990 : age group 65-69 refers to 65+.
Country: Romania
1990 : official estimates.
1995 : data refer to the economically active population aged 14+. Age group 70+ refers to the age group 70-74.
Country: Russian Federation
1990 : data refer to 1989. 2000 : data refer to 1999.
1995 : age group 30-34 refers to 30-49; age group 60-64 refers to 60+.
From 2000 : age group 65-69 refers to 65+.
Country: Serbia
From 2000 : data do not cover Kosovo and Metohija. From 2007 active population age group 65-69 refers to 65+.
Country: Slovenia
1990 : data refer to 1991.
Country: Spain
Age group 70+ refers to the age group 70-74.
Country: Sweden
Age group 15-19 refers to 16-19.
1980 and 1995-2005 : data refer to the economically active population aged 16+. 1990 : data refer to the economically active population aged 16-64.
Country: Switzerland
From 2000: age group 70+ refers to the age group 70-74.
Country: Turkey
2000 : data refer to 1999.
1980-2000 : data refer to the economically active population aged 12+.
Age group 65-69 refers to 65+.
Country: Ukraine
Data refer to the age group 15-70, excluding institutional population.
Geographical coverage: excludes zone I and II contaminated by the radiation from Chernobyl.
Country: United Kingdom
1980 : data refer to 1985.
Country: United States
Data refer to the economically active population aged 16+. Active population age group 65-69 refers to 65+.

Information

Unit
Active persons (in thousands):
Number
Economic activity rate:
Percent
Percent of corresponding total for both sexes:
Percent
Contact
Active persons (in thousands):
Gender Statistics, UNECE/STAT
Tel: -
E-mail: gender.stats@unece.org
Latest update
Active persons (in thousands):
4/20/2018
Economic activity rate:
4/20/2018
Percent of corresponding total for both sexes:
4/20/2018
Data type
Active persons (in thousands):
Stock
Economic activity rate:
Average
Percent of corresponding total for both sexes:
Average
Creation date
6/19/2018
Source
UNECE Statistical Division Database
Matrix
c0000467