Employment by sector of activity and sex
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Footnotes

Source: UNECE Statistical Database, compiled from national and international (Eurostat and ILO) official sources.

Definition:
The employed are all the residents above a specified age who, during a specified brief period, either one week or one day, were in the following categories:
(a) paid employment:
(a1) at work: persons who, during the reference period, performed some work for wage or salary, in cash or in kind;
(a2) with a job but not at work: persons who, having already worked in their present job, were temporarily not at work during the reference period and had a formal attachment to their job;
(b) self-employment:
(b1) at work: persons who, during the reference period, performed some work for profit or family gain, in cash or in kind;
(b2) with an enterprise but not at work: persons with an enterprise, which may be a business enterprise, a farm or a service undertaking, who were temporarily not at work during the reference period for any specific reason.
For additional information, see the International Conference of Labour Statisticians (ICLS).

The breakdown by kind of economic activity is grouped into 3 categories. Agriculture includes agriculture, hunting, forestry and fishing (ISIC Rev.3.1 Sections A-B or ISIC Rev.4 Section A). Industry includes mining and quarrying, manufacturing, electricity, gas and water supply, and construction (ISIC Rev.3.1 Sections C-F or ISIC Rev.4 Sections B-F ). Services comprise all other economic activities (ISIC Rev.3.1 Sections G-Q or ISIC Rev.4 Sections G-U).

Total employment provided in this table generally differ from total employment provided in Economic Statistics, which cover both residents and non-residents (according to the System of National Accounts 1993).

General note: Data come from the Labour Force Survey (LFS) unless otherwise specified in country footnotes. Data from the LFS and from population censuses normally comply with the definition above.

.. - data not available

Country: Albania
Break in methodology (1980): from 1990 to 2006, data are based on administrative registers with sector breakdown according of NACE rev 1.1
Country: Albania
Break in methodology (2007): As of 2007 data are based on the Labour Force Survey. Sectors broken down according to NACE rev 1.1 (2007-2014) and NACE rev since 2015.
Country: Armenia
Break in methodlogy (2007, 2014): For the period of 1980-2000 and 2002-2006 data on employment are based on integrated data received from various sources. From 2007 to 2013 data are based on the Integrated Survey of the Household Living Standards. Since 2014 data are based on the Labour Force Survey.
Country: Armenia
Break in methodlogy (2008): Data for 2007 refer to the age group 16-75. Since 2008 data refer to the age group 15-75.
Country: Austria
1980-1990 : data refer to national definition (Life Subsistence Concept). From 1995 : data comply with ILO definition.
Country: Azerbaijan
Official estimates.
1980 : data refer to 1983.
Country: Belarus
Data refer to the national classification. Services include construction.
Country: Belgium
1980 : data refer to 1983.
Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina
From year 2006 to 2011, data compiled using ISIC Rev 3.1, from 2012 using ISIC Rev 4.
Country: Bulgaria
1995 : data refer to 1997.
Country: Canada
Data do not cover the three northern territories (Yukon, Northwest and Nunavuk ).
Country: Croatia
1995 : data refer to 1996.
Country: Cyprus
Data cover only the area controlled by the Republic of Cyprus.
1990 : data refer to 1992.
Country: Denmark
1980 : data refer to 1982.
Country: Estonia
1990-1995 : data refer to the population aged 15-69. From 2000 : data refer to the population aged 15-74.
Country: Finland
Data refer to the population aged 15-74.
Country: France
Data do not cover overseas departments (DOM).
Country: Georgia
Break in methodology (1980 - 1995): Data are based on administrative registers
Country: Georgia
Territorial change (1995 onward): Data do not cover Abkhazia AR and Tskhinvali Region
Country: Germany
1980 : data refer to 1983.
From 1991 : data cover former German Democratic Republic (East Germany).
Country: Hungary
1990 : data refer to 1992.
Country: Iceland
1980 : data refer to 1981 and are based on administrative registers. 1990 : data refer to 1991.
1980 : data refer to the population aged 15-74. From 1990 : data refer to the population aged 16-74.
Country: Ireland
1980 : data refer to 1983.
Country: Israel
Break in methodlogy (2000): In 1998: 1) Changes in the weighting method; 2) Transition to the 1995 Population Census estimates; See explanations: http://www.cbs.gov.il/www/publications/saka_change/tch_e.pdf
Country: Israel
Break in methodlogy (2001): Changes in the weighting method. See explanations: http://www.cbs.gov.il/www/saka_y/e_intro_f1_comparison-mimi.f
Country: Israel
Break in methodlogy (2009): 1) Update of the definition of the civilian labour force characteristics; 2) Transition to the 2008 Population Census estimates. See explanations: http://www.cbs.gov.il/publications11/1460/pdf/intro05_e.pdf
Country: Israel
Break in methodlogy (2012): 1) Transitiom from a quarterly to a monthly LFS; 2) Changes in the definitions of labour force characteristics (including compulsory and permanent military service into labour force). See explanations: http://www.cbs.gov.il/publications/labour_survey04/labour_f--orce_survey/answer_question_e_2012.pdf
Country: Israel
Break in methodlogy (2013): Changes in the Standard Industrial Classification of Economic Activities based on ISIC Rev.4; See explanations: http://www.cbs.gov.il/publications12/economic_activities11/--pdf/e_print.pdf
Country: Israel
Change in definition (1995): 1) Update of the definitions of labour force characteristics; 2) Changes in the Standard Industrial Classification of Economic Activities; See explanations: http://www.cbs.gov.il/www/publications/saka_change/tch_e.pdf
Country: Israel
Change in definition (2003): Changes in the Standard Industrial Classification of Economic Activities 2003, which mainly involved expanding the classification of high-tech industries; See explanations: http://www.cbs.gov.il/www/saka_y/e_int_g.pdf
Country: Italy
1980 : data refer to 1983.
1980-1990 : data refer to the economically active population aged 14+, which includes the persons who have been seeking employment in the last 6 months. From 1995 : data refer to the economically active population aged 15+, which includes the persons who have been seeking employment in the last 30 days.
Country: Kyrgyzstan
Reference period (1995): Data refer to 1996
Country: Latvia
1995 : data refer to 1996.
Country: Lithuania
1995 : data refer to 1997.
Country: Luxembourg
1980 : data refer to 1983.
Country: Moldova, Republic of
Data exclude the territory of the Transnistria and municipality of Bender
Country: Netherlands
1980 : data refer to 1983.
Country: Poland
1990 : official estimates based on administrative registers.
Country: Romania
1995 : data refer to the population aged 14+.
Country: Russian Federation
Change in definition (2000 - 2013): Data present the population aged 15-72 years
Country: Russian Federation
Territorial change (1990 - 2006): Data do not include the Chechen Republic
Country: Serbia
Territorial change (2000 onward): Data do not cover Kosovo and Metohija.
Country: Sweden
Data refer to the population aged 16-64.
Country: Turkey
Break in series (2014): Since 2014 series are not comparable with the previous years due to methodological changes in LFS.
Country: Turkey
Break in methodlogy (2004): Data are revised according to the 2008 population projections.
Country: Turkey
Up to 2008, economic activities in labour force survey (LFS) were coded by NACE Rev 1. From 2009 onwards, NACE Rev 2 has been used.
Country: Ukraine
For 2000-2011 data compiled according ISIC 3 Rev.1, since 2012 ISIC 4 is in use
Country: Ukraine
Territorial change (2000 - 2012): Data do not cover the area of radioactive contamination from the Chernobyl disaster.
Country: United Kingdom
Data refer to the population aged 16+.
Country: United States
Data refer to the population aged 16+.
Agriculture excludes forestry and fishing.
Country: Uzbekistan
Services include construction

Information

Unit
Employed (in thousands):
Persons
Percent of corresponding total for both sexes:
Percent
Percent of corresponding total for all sectors of activity:
Percent
Contact
Employed (in thousands):
Gender Statistics, UNECE/STAT
Tel: -
E-mail: gender.stats@unece.org
Latest update
Employed (in thousands):
5/3/2017
Percent of corresponding total for both sexes:
5/3/2017
Percent of corresponding total for all sectors of activity:
5/3/2017
Data type
Employed (in thousands):
Stock
Percent of corresponding total for both sexes:
Average
Percent of corresponding total for all sectors of activity:
Average
Creation date
2/19/2018
Source
UNECE Statistical Division Database
Matrix
c0000457