Employment by level of education, occupation and sex
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Source: UNECE Statistical Database, compiled from national and international (Eurostat and ILO) official sources.

Definition:
The employed are all the persons above a specified age who, during a specified brief period, either one week or one day, were in the following categories:
(a) paid employment:
(a1) at work: persons who, during the reference period, performed some work for wage or salary, in cash or in kind;
(a2) with a job but not at work: persons who, having already worked in their present job, were temporarily not at work during the reference period and had a formal attachment to their job;
(b) self-employment:
(b1) at work: persons who, during the reference period, performed some work for profit or family gain, in cash or in kind;
(b2) with an enterprise but not at work: persons with an enterprise, which may be a business enterprise, a farm or a service undertaking, who were temporarily not at work during the reference period for any specific reason.
For additional information, see the International Conference of Labour Statisticians (ICLS).
The occupation groups correspond to first-level categories in the 2008 version of the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-08). For the EU and EFTA member-states the year of transition to ISCO-08 is 2011, for other countries please see Country footnotes.
The level of education is the highest level successfully completed in the educational system of the country where the education is received. The levels are defined with reference to the International Standard Classifications of Education ISCED 1997 and ISCED 2011. For the EU and EFTA member-states the levels of education are classified according to ISCED 2011 from 2014. For other countries please see Country footnotes.
The transition from ISCO-88 to ISCO-08 and from ISCED 1997 to ISCED 2011 could entail a break in time series.
General note: Data come from the Labour Force Survey (LFS) unless otherwise specified. Data from the LFS and from population censuses normally comply with the definition above.
Country: Armenia
Data for 2001 are from Population Census. Since 2014 data are based on the Labour Force Survey.
Country: Azerbaijan
Data compiled according to ISCO-08.
Country: Belarus
Break in methodlogy (2000): Data refer to 1999 Population Census.
Measurement: Employment (thousands) , Country: Belarus
Data compiled according to ISCO-88
Measurement: Percent of corresponding total of both sexes , Country: Belarus
Data compiled according to ISCO-88
Measurement: Employment (thousands) , Country: Belarus
Parts by education level may not add up due to the persons who did not indicate their levels of education
Measurement: Percent of corresponding total of both sexes , Country: Belarus
Parts by education level may not add up due to the persons who did not indicate their levels of education
Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina
From 2006 to 2014 data compiled using ISCED 97, from 2015 using ISCED 11.
Country: Canada
Change in definition (1990 onwards): Data are annual averages. Cells with 0 are estimates with less than 1,500 employed.
Country: Canada
Data do not cover the three northern territories (Yukon, Northwest and Nunavuk )
Country: Israel
Break in methodlogy (2000): In 1998: 1) Changes in the weighting method; 2) Transition to the 1995 Population Census estimates; See explanations: http://www.cbs.gov.il/www/publications/saka_change/tch_e.pdf
Country: Israel
Break in methodlogy (2001): Changes in the weighting method. See explanations: http://www.cbs.gov.il/www/saka_y/e_intro_f1_comparison-mimi.f
Country: Israel
Break in methodlogy (2009): 1) Update of the definition of the civilian labour force characteristics; 2) Transition to the 2008 Population Census estimates. See explanations: http://www.cbs.gov.il/publications11/1460/pdf/intro05_e.pdf
Country: Israel
Break in methodlogy (2012):1) Transitiom from a quarterly to a monthly LFS; 2) Changes in the definitions of labour force characteristics (including compulsory and permanent military service into labour force). See explanations: http://www.cbs.gov.il/publications/labour_survey04/labour_f--orce_survey/answer_question_e_2012.pdf
Country: Israel
Change in definition (2000 - 2012): Changes in the questionnaire (Highest Diploma Received, Discouraged Workers, Employees hired through employment agencies or employment contractors); See explanations: http://www.cbs.gov.il/www/saka_y/e_intro_e_changes.pdf
Country: Israel
Change in definition (2013): Changes in the Standard Classification of Occupations based on ISCO-08; See explanations: http://www.cbs.gov.il/publications12/occupations_class11/pd--f/draft_h.pdf (draft, Hebrew only)
Country: Moldova, Republic of
Data exclude the territory of the Transnistria and municipality of Bender
Country: Russian Federation
Change in definition (2000 - 2013): Data present the population aged 15-72 years
Country: Russian Federation
Territorial change (2000 - 2006): Data do not include the Chechen Republic
Country: Serbia
Data do not cover Kosovo and Metohija. From 2013 data compiled according to ISCO-08.
Country: Turkey
Break in series (2014): Since 2014 series are not comparable with the previous years due to methodological changes in LFS.
Country: Turkey
Break in methodlogy (2004): Data are revised according to the 2008 population projections.
Country: Turkey
Until 2012, all occupations were coded according to ISCO-88. Since 2013, all occupations have been coded according to ISCO-08.
Country: Ukraine
Change in definition (2000 - 2012): Distribution by institutional sectors of the economy based on the assessment carried out in accordance with the National Classification of Occupations developed on the basis of ISCO 88.
Country: Ukraine
Territorial change (2000 - 2012): Data do not cover the area of radioactive contamination from the Chernobyl disaster.
Country: United States
Data for occupation refer to population 15+ and who have worked in the past 5 years. Data do not cover the armed forces.
Occupation is classified according to the Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) 2000 manual (www.bls.gov/soc).
For individuals with two or more jobs, data refer to the job having the greatest number of hours.
For unemployed persons and persons who are not currently employed but report having a job within the last five years, data refer to their last job.

Information

Unit
Employment (thousands):
Persons
Percent of corresponding total of both sexes:
%
Percent of corresponding total of all occupations:
%
Contact
Employment (thousands):
Gender Statistics, UNECE/STAT
Tel: -
E-mail: gender.stats@unece.org
Latest update
Employment (thousands):
5/4/2017
Percent of corresponding total of both sexes:
5/4/2017
Percent of corresponding total of all occupations:
5/4/2017
Data type
Employment (thousands):
Stock
Percent of corresponding total of both sexes:
Stock
Percent of corresponding total of all occupations:
Stock
Creation date
1/18/2018
Source
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE)
Matrix
c0000446