Unemployment by age and sex
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Source: UNECE Statistical Database, compiled from national and international (Eurostat and ILO) official sources.

Definition:
The unemployed are all the persons above a specific age who, during the reference period, were:
(a) without work, i.e. were not in paid employment or self-employment, and
(b) currently available for work, i.e. were available for paid employment or self-employment during the reference period, and
(c) seeking work, i.e. had taken specific steps in a specified reference period to seek paid employment or self-employment.
For additional information, see the International Conference of Labour Statisticians (ICLS).
The unemployment rate is the share (in per cent) of the unemployed in the labour force (employed + unemployed).

Total unemployment rate provided in this table may slightly differ from total unemployment rate provided in Economic Statistics, due to the use of different sources.

General note: Data come from the Labour Force Survey (LFS) unless otherwise specified in country footnotes.
Country: Albania
Change in definition (1990 - 2006): Data refer to registered unemployment.
Country: Albania
Change in definition (1990 - 2012): Data refer to registered unemployment.
Country: Armenia
Up to 2006: data refer to the population aged 16-63 and based on the administrative register.
Break in methodlogy: 2007 data refer to population aged 16-75.
Break in methodlogy: from 2008 data refer to the population aged 15-75 and compiled according to ILO definition.
Break in methodlogy: from 2007 to 2013 data are based on the Integrated Survey of the Household Living Standards.
Break in methodlogy: since 2014 data are based on the Labour Force Survey.
Country: Austria
1980-1990: data refer to national definition (Life Subsistence Concept). From 1995: data comply with ILO definition.
1980: data refer to 1981.
Age group 60-64 refers to 60+.
Country: Azerbaijan
2004-2005: data refer to official estimates; males aged 15-61 and females 15-56.
Country: Belarus
Data refer to registered unemployment.
Country: Belgium
1980 : data refer to 1983.
Country: Bulgaria
1990: data refer to 1993.
Data refer to population aged 15-74.
Country: Cyprus
Data cover only the area controlled by the Republic of Cyprus.
1995/2000 : break in series due to change in methodology.
Country: Denmark
1980: data refer to 1983.
Data refer to population aged 15-66.
Country: Estonia
Data refer to population aged 15-74. Prior to 1997 data refer to population aged 15-69.
Age group 55-59 refers to 55-74.
Country: Finland
Data refer to the population aged 15-74.
1980/1990 : break in series due to change in methodology.
Country: France
Data do not cover the overseas departments (DOM).
Country: Georgia
Data do not cover Abkhazia and South Ossetia (Tshinvali).
Country: Germany
1980 : data refer to 1985.
Country: Greece
1980 : data refer to 1983.
Country: Hungary
1990: data refer to 1992.
Data refer to population aged 15-74.
Country: Iceland
Break in methodlogy (2003): Break in serie because of change to continuous survey every week of the year.
Country: Iceland
Change in definition (1980 - 2013): Data refer to population aged 16-74. Age group 15-19 refers to 16-19.
Country: Iceland
Reference period (1980): Data refer to 1981
Country: Iceland
Reference period (1990): Data refer to 1991
Country: Ireland
1980 : data refer to 1985.
Country: Israel
1995-2000 : age group 15-19 refers to 15-17; age group 20-24 refers to 18-24; age group 25-49 refers to 25-54.
Country: Italy
1980-1990 : data refer to the persons aged 14+, who have been seeking employment in the last 6 months. From 1995 : data refer to the persons aged 15+, who have been seeking employment in the last 30 days.
Country: Kyrgyzstan
2000,2001, 2003-2011: data refer to registered unemployed persons. 2002: data are based on household survey.
Country: Latvia
1995 : data refer to 1996.
1995/2000 : break in series due to adjustment to the results of 2000 Population Census.
Country: Lithuania
1995 : data refer to 1997.
Country: Netherlands
1980 : data refer to 1985.
Country: Norway
Prior to 2005 age group 15-19 refers to 16-19.
Country: Poland
1990 : data refer to 1992.
Country: Romania
1995: data refer to the population aged 14+.
Age group 60-64 refers to 60+.
Country: Russian Federation
1990: data refer to 1992. Before 2006: data do not cover the Chechen Republic.
Country: Serbia
Data do not cover Kosovo and Metohija.
Country: Spain
Data refer to population aged 16-74.
Age group 15-19 refers to 16-19.
Country: Sweden
1980 : data refer to the population aged 16+. From 1990 : data refer to the population aged 16-64.
Age group 15-19 refers to 16-19.
1995-2000 : break in series due to change in methodology.
Country: Switzerland
1990 : data refer to 1991.
1990-2002 : age group 15-19 refers to 15-24; age group 25-49 refers to 25-54; age group 55-59 refers to 55-64.
Country: Tajikistan
Change in definition (2004 - 2009): Data for age group 60-64 refers to 60-75.
Country: Turkey
Break in series (2014): Since 2014 series are not comparable with the previous years due to methodological changes in LFS.
Country: Turkey
From 2004, data are revised according to the new population projections.
Country: Ukraine
From 2014 data cover the territories under the government control.
Country: Ukraine
Data refer to the population aged 15-70.
1995 : data refer to registered unemployment.
Country: United Kingdom
Data refer to the population aged 16+.
Age group 15-19 refers to 16-19.
Country: United States
Data refer to the population aged 16+. Age group 15-19 refers to 16-19. As of 2000, age-group 25-49 refers to 25-54 and 55-59 refers to 55-64.
Country: Uzbekistan
Data refer to registered unemployment.
Country: Uzbekistan
Data for 1995-2006 refer to persons officially registered as unemployed. Since 2007 data refer to de facto unemployed population.

Information

Unit
Unemployed:
Persons
Unemployment rate:
Percent
Contact
Unemployed:
Gender Statistics, UNECE/STAT
Tel: -
E-mail: gender.stats@unece.org
Latest update
Unemployed:
8/17/2018
Unemployment rate:
8/17/2018
Data type
Unemployed:
Stock
Unemployment rate:
Stock
Creation date
8/17/2018
Source
UNECE Statistical Division Database
Matrix
c0000469