Long term unemployment by sex
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Footnotes

Source: UNECE Statistical Database, compiled from national and international (Eurostat) official sources.

Definition:
The unemployed are all the persons above a specific age who, during the reference period, were:
(a) without work, i.e. were not in paid employment or self-employment, and
(b) currently available for work, i.e. were available for paid employment or self-employment during the reference period, and
(c) seeking work, i.e. had taken specific steps in a specified reference period to seek paid employment or self-employment.
For additional information, see the International Conference of Labour Statisticians (ICLS).
The long-term unemployed are the persons who have been unemployed for 12 months or more.
The long-term unemployment rate is the share of the long-term unemployed in the total unemployed population.

General note: Data comes from the Labour Force Survey (LFS) unless otherwise specified.

Units of measurement: Long-term unemployed persons are shown in thousands. Long-term unemployed rates are shown as a percentage of all unemployed persons.


.. - data not available

Country: Albania
Change in definition (1995 - 2012): Data refer to registered long-term unemployment.
Country: Armenia
Up to 2006: data refer to the population aged 16-63 and based on administrative register.
Break in methodlogy: 2007 data refer to population aged 16-75.
Break in methodlogy: from 2008 data refer to the population aged 15-75 and compiled according to ILO definition.
Break in methodlogy: from 2007 to 2013 data are based on the Integrated Survey of the Household Living Standards.
Break in methodlogy: since 2014 data are based on the Labour Force Survey.
Country: Belarus
Data refer to registered unemployment.
Country: Belgium
1990 : data refer to 1992.
Country: Bulgaria
1990 : data refer to 1993.
Country: Canada
Data do not cover the three northern territories (Yukon, Northwest and Nunavuk ).
Country: Cyprus
Data cover only the area controlled by the Republic of Cyprus.
1980-1990 : data refer to the persons who have been unemployed for 6 months or more.
Country: Czechia
1995 : data refer to 1997.
Country: Denmark
1990 : data refer to 1992.
Country: Estonia
1995 : data refer to 1997.
Country: France
Data do not cover the overseas departments (DOM).
1990 : data refer to 1992.
Country: Georgia
Territorial change (2002 onward): Data do not cover Abkhazia AR and Tskhinvali Region
Country: Germany
1990 : data refer to 1992.
Country: Greece
1990 : data refer to 1992.
Country: Iceland
Change in definition (1990): Data refer to population aged 16-74.
Data refer to 1991.
Country: Iceland
Change in definition (1995 - 2013): Data refer to population aged 16-74.
Country: Ireland
1990 : data refer to 1992.
Country: Israel
Break in methodlogy (2000): In 1998: 1) Changes in the weighting method; 2) Transition to the 1995 Population Census estimates; See explanations: http://www.cbs.gov.il/www/publications/saka_change/tch_e.pdf
Country: Israel
Break in methodlogy (2001): Changes in the weighting method. See explanations: http://www.cbs.gov.il/www/saka_y/e_intro_f1_comparison-mimi.f
Country: Israel
Break in methodlogy (2009): 1) Update of the definition of the civilian labour force characteristics; 2) Transition to the 2008 Population Census estimates. See explanations: http://www.cbs.gov.il/publications11/1460/pdf/intro05_e.pdf
Country: Israel
Break in methodlogy (2012): 1) Transitiom from a quarterly to a monthly LFS; 2) Changes in the definitions of labour force characteristics (including compulsory and permanent military service into labour force). See explanations: http://www.cbs.gov.il/publications/labour_survey04/labour_f--orce_survey/answer_question_e_2012.pdf
Country: Israel
Change in definition (1980): Data refers to population 14+.
Country: Israel
Change in definition (2005): 1) Update of the definitions of labour force characteristics; 2) Changes in the Standard Industrial Classification of Economic Activities; See explanations: http://www.cbs.gov.il/www/publications/saka_change/tch_e.pdf
Country: Italy
1990 : data refer to 1992.
Country: Kyrgyzstan
Break in methodlogy (2002): Data are based on household survey
Country: Kyrgyzstan
Break in methodlogy (2003): From 2003, data are based on household income and labour force surveys.
Country: Kyrgyzstan
Change in definition (1995 - 2001): Data refer to registered long-term unemployment.
Country: Latvia
1995 : data refer to 1996 and to the persons who have been unemployed for 13 months or more.
1995/2000 : break in series due to adjustment to the results of 2000 Population Census.
Country: Luxembourg
1990 : data refer to 1992.
Country: Moldova, Republic of
Data exclude the territory of the Transnistria and municipality of Bender
Country: Netherlands
1990 : data refer to 1992.
Country: Poland
1995 : data refer to 1997.
Country: Portugal
1990 : data refer to 1992.
Country: Romania
1995 : data refer to 1997.
Country: Russian Federation
Change in definition (1990 - 2013): Data present the population aged 15-72 years
Country: Russian Federation
Reference period (1990): Data refer to 1992
Country: Russian Federation
Territorial change (1990 - 2006): Data do not include the Chechen Republic
Country: Serbia
Data do not cover Kosovo and Metohija.
Country: Slovenia
1995 : data refer to 1996.
Country: Spain
1990 : data refer to 1992.
Country: Switzerland
Data refer to the permanent resident population.
1990 : data refer to 1991.
Country: Turkey
Break in series (2014): Since 2014 series are not comparable with the previous years due to methodological changes in LFS.
Country: Turkey
Break in methodlogy (2004): Data are revised according to the 2008 population projections.
Country: Ukraine
Change in definition (2000 - 2012): Data present the number of unemployed (ILO definition) aged 15-70 years who is seeking work 12 months or more.
Country: Ukraine
Territorial change (2000 - 2012): Data do not cover the area of radioactive contamination from the Chernobyl disaster.
Country: United Kingdom
1990 : data refer to 1992.

Information

Unit
Long-term unemployed:
Persons
Long term unemployment rate:
Percent
Contact
Long-term unemployed:
Gender Statistics, UNECE/STAT
Tel: -
E-mail: gender.stats@unece.org
Latest update
Long-term unemployed:
5/5/2017
Long term unemployment rate:
5/5/2017
Data type
Long-term unemployed:
Stock
Long term unemployment rate:
Average
Creation date
1/18/2018
Source
UNECE Statistical Division Database
Matrix
c0000471