Educational attainment by level of education, age and sex
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Footnotes

Source: UNECE Statistical Database, compiled from national official sources.

Definition: Educational attainment is defined as the highest level successfully completed by the person, in the educational system of the country where the education was received. The levels of education are defined according to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED):
- Primary: ISCED level 1
- Lower secondary: ISCED level 2
- Upper and post secondary non-tertiary: ISCED levels 3-4
- Tertiary: ISCED 1997 levels 5-6 or ISCED 2011 levels 5-8.
In this table the upper secondary level includes post-secondary non-tertiary education.
For most countries the transition from ISCED 1997 to ISCED 2011 is from the scool year 2013-2014. For more details see Country Footnotes.

.. - data not available

Country: Armenia
Change in definition (1980 - 1990): Level of education ?not stated? includes population without education attainment.
Country: Armenia
Reference period (1980): Data refer to 1979
Country: Armenia
Reference period (1990): Data refer to 1989
Country: Austria
Break in methodology (2004): In 2014 a new weighting procedure for the LFS was introduced. Following this change in the weighting procedure, data was revised back to 2004.
Country: Austria
ISCED-11 (2014 onwards): Break in series due to the reclassification of a programme spanning levels: the qualification acquired upon successful completion of higher technical and vocational colleges is allocated in ISCED 2011 to ISCED level 5; under ISCED 1997 the same qualification was reported on ISCED level 4, but earmarked as equivalent to tertiary education
Country: Austria
Change in definition (1980 - 2000): Data before 2000 do not comply with ISCED97 as regards distinction between upper secondary and tertiary. ISCED97 5B mainly included in Upper Secondary.
Country: Austria
Change in definition (2004 - 2015): Data include ISCED Level 3c short in lower secondary level.
Country: Azerbaijan
Reference period (1980 - 2013): Data refer to end of year.
Country: Belarus
Additional information (1990 - 2013): Total includes population without education.
Country: Belarus
Break in methodlogy (1990): Data refer to 1989 census
Country: Belarus
Break in methodlogy (2000): Data refer to 1999 census
Country: Belgium
2010: break in series: change in methodology.
Measurement: Persons , Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina
Population by educational attainment, educational level not stated refers to the population with no primary schooling and some primary.
Country: Bulgaria
Break in methodlogy (1980): Data are from 1985 census
Country: Bulgaria
Break in methodlogy (1990): Data are from 1992 census
Country: Bulgaria
Break in methodlogy (2001): Data are from 2001 census
Country: Bulgaria
Reference period (1995 - 2002): Data refer to June of respective year
Country: Canada
Additional information (1990 - onwards): Data cover non-institutionalized population in the 10 provinces, i.e. excluding the three Territories.
Country: Croatia
Change in definition (1980 - 1990): Data refer to population with permanent residence irrespective of actual residence and duration.
"Education level-not stated" comprises persons with unknown education level as well as persons with no school at all.
Country: Croatia
Change in definition (2001 - 2013): "Education level-not stated" comprises persons with unknown education level as well as persons with no school at all.
Country: Croatia
Reference period (1980): Data refer to 1981
Country: Croatia
Reference period (1990): Data refer to 1991
Country: Cyprus
Change in definition (1990): Lower secondary level is included in upper secondary level
Country: Cyprus
Reference period (1990): Data refer to 1989
Country: Cyprus
Reference period (1995): Data refer to 1992
Country: Cyprus
Data cover only government controlled area
Country: Cyprus
From 2014, data compiled using ISCED 2011 classification.
Country: Cyprus
From 2000, persons who have not attended or finished primary education also included in primary education level.
Country: Estonia
Change in definition (1980 - 2000): Data are from censuses and refer to population aged 25+
Data for primary level attainment include persons who have not completed the primary level education.
Country: Estonia
Change in definition (2001 - 2013): Age group 25+ refers to 25-74, age group 50+ refers to 50-74.
Data for primary level attainment include persons who have not completed the primary level education.
Country: Estonia
Change in definition (2012): Data is from census 2011. Data refer to 31.december 2011
Data for primary level attainment include persons who have not completed the primary level education.
Country: Estonia
Reference period (1980): Data refer to 1979
Country: Estonia
Reference period (1990): Data refer to 1989
Country: Finland
Data for lower secondary level include primary level.
Country: Georgia
Change in definition (1980 - 2013): Level of education ?not stated? includes population without education attainment
Country: Georgia
Reference period (1980): Data refer to 1979
Country: Georgia
Reference period (1990): Data refer to 1989
Country: Germany
Data from 1990 to 1998 are classified according to ISCED-76, data from 1999 to 2013 according to ISCED 97, data from 2014 on are classified according to ISCED 2011.
Country: Greece
Break in methodology (2000): From 2000, data refer to population residing in private households
Country: Greece
Change in definition (2001 - 2013): "Primary" includes also persons that did not completed ISCED 1 programs
Country: Greece
Data refer to annual averages. From 2014, estimates use ISCED-2011 classification.
Country: Hungary
Break in methodlogy (1995): Before 1995, data are from population censuses. From 2000, from
Country: Hungary
Change in definition (2000 - 2008): Data refer to population aged 25-74.
Country: Iceland
Break in methodology (2003): Change in data collection procedure. Data classified according to ISCED 2011.
Country: Iceland
Reference period (1990): 1990 refers to 1991
Country: Ireland
From 2000, data refer to age group 25-64. From 2014, data are compiled according to ISCED-2011. As a result data breakdown by education level not fully comparable with previous years.
Country: Ireland
Reference period (1980): Data refer to1981
Country: Ireland
Reference period (1990): Data refer to 1991
Country: Ireland
Reference period (1995): Data refer to 1996
Country: Israel
Break in methodlogy (2001): Changes in the weighting method.
Country: Israel
Break in methodlogy (2009): Transition to the 2008 Population Census estimates.
Country: Israel
Break in methodlogy (2012): Transitiom from a quarterly to a monthly LFS.
Country: Israel
From 2012, using ISCED-2011. Totals include population by educational attainment, pre-primary.
Country: Italy
Break in methodology (2004): Change in data collection procedure. From 2014, data classified by ISCED 2011.
Country: Italy
Change in definition (1980 - 1990): Data for primary level attainment include persons who have not completed the primary level education
Country: Kyrgyzstan
Break in methodlogy (2000): Data refer to 1999 Census
Country: Kyrgyzstan
Break in methodlogy (2009): Data refer to 2009 Census
Country: Kyrgyzstan
Reference period (1990): Data refer to 1989 Census
Country: Latvia
Change in definition (1995 - 2001): Population aged 15+.
Data for primary level refers to level 0 and 1 of ISCED 1997 classification.
Country: Latvia
Change in definition (2002 onward): Population 15-74 age group. For 2002-2013, data for primary level refers to level 0 and 1 of ISCED 1997 classification. From 2014, data for primary level refers to level 0 and 1 of ISCED 2011 classification.
Country: Latvia
Reference period (1995): Data refer to 1996
Country: Luxembourg
Additional information (1990 - onwards): Data for age group 25+ refer to 25-74.
Country: Luxembourg
Break in methodlogy (2003): Switch from a face-to-face to a telephone survey
Country: Luxembourg
Break in methodlogy (2009): Random Digit Dialing has replaced the register-based sampling
Country: Luxembourg
Change in definition (1990 - 2012): The categroy `Lower secodnary` also includes persons who have at most attained the primary level
Country: Luxembourg
Reference period (1990): Data refer to 1992
Country: Malta
Some data not shown due to lack of reliability.
Country: Moldova, Republic of
Territorial change (2000 onward): Data exclude the territory of the Transnistria and municipality of Bender
Country: Netherlands
Since 2003, ''Primary'' includes also ISCED level 0 (persons who have not successfully completed ISCED 1 programs).
Country: Norway
Break in methodology (2007): As of 2007, the results of a survey on education completed abroad before immigration to Norway is included. As a result , the proportion of &
39;educational level not stated&
39; was reduced. All data compiled according ISCED 2011.
Country: Poland
Change in definition (1990 - 2002): Upper secondary level includes lower secondary level.
Country: Poland
Reference period (1990): Data refer to 1988
Country: Portugal
Data from 2011 onwards are not directly comparable with data for the previous years due to new data collection methods used in the Portuguese Labour Force Survey series. Data from 2014 onward are compiled according to ISCED-2011. Data for ''educational level not stated'' refer to individuals who have not successfully completed ISCED level 1.
Country: Romania
Break in methodology (2002): Data series of 2002-2012 are not perfectly comparable with data series of previous years. For years 2014 onward data were estimated using the resident population. For year 2013 data were estimated based on revised population figures (resident population) in accordance to the 2011 Census results. Starting with year 2014 educational attainment collected according to ISCED 2011. Educational level not stated includes persons without any formal education graduated.
Country: Serbia
Data for education level not stated include population without education attainment.
Country: Slovakia
Change in definition (1995): data for total of education levels include only secondary and tertiary levels.
Country: Slovakia
Change in definition (2001 - 2011): data on primary education according to ISCED 97, level 1 is not available
Country: Slovenia
From 2014 data are compiled according to ISCED-2011 and persons with ISCED level 0 are excluded.
Country: Spain
Data are annual averages of the four quarters of the year. From 2014 data are compiled according to ISCED-2011
Country: Sweden
Break in methodlogy (2002): Quality improvement and change in classification from ISCED 1976 to ISCED 1997.
Country: Sweden
Change in definition (1990 - 2013): Data refer to population aged 25-74
Country: Switzerland
Break in methodlogy (2010): Major changes in data collection procedures (quaterly data instead of annual data).
Country: Switzerland
Change in definition (1990 - 2001): Lower sedondary education includes primary education
Country: Switzerland
Change in definition (2002): Change in definition of educational attainment levels
Country: Switzerland
Reference period (1990): Data refer to 1991
Country: Switzerland
Since 2014, data are compiled according to ISCED-2011
Country: United States
Change in definition (1980): Primary refers to grades 5-8, Lower Secondary refers to grade 9 in High School, no diploma, Upper Secondary refers to High School, college graduate, Tertiary refers to people who have completed Associate&
39;s degree through Doctorate degree, Not stated refers to people who didn&
39;t complete any schooling through 4th grade.
Data based on completed schooling years.
Country: United States
Change in definition (1990 - 2015): Primary refers to grades 5-8, Lower Secondary refers to grade 9 in High School, no diploma, Upper Secondary refers to High School, college graduate, Tertiary refers to people who have completed Associate`s degree through Doctorate degree, Not stated refers to people who did not complete any schooling through 4th grade.
Data based on degrees.

Information

Unit
Persons:
Persons
Percent of corresponding total for both sexes:
Percent
Percent of corresponding total for all levels of education:
Percent
Contact
Persons:
Gender Statistics, UNECE/STAT
Tel: -
E-mail: gender.stats@unece.org
Latest update
Persons:
12/7/2016
Percent of corresponding total for both sexes:
12/7/2016
Percent of corresponding total for all levels of education:
12/7/2016
Data type
Persons:
Stock
Percent of corresponding total for both sexes:
Average
Percent of corresponding total for all levels of education:
Average
Creation date
6/19/2018
Source
UNECE Statistical Division Database
Matrix
c0000324