Child care enrolment and availability rates
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Contact and information

Information

Unit
Percent
Contact
Gender Statistics, UNECE/STAT
Tel: -
Fax: -
E-mail: gender.stats@un.org
Latest update
1/10/2017
Data type
Average
Creation date
9/19/2018
Source
UNECE Statistical Division Database
Matrix
c0000376
Footnotes

Footnotes

Source: UNECE Statistical Database, compiled from national and international (UNICEF TransMONEE) official sources.

Definition:
Child-care refers to formal child-care arrangements, public or private, such as group care in child-care centres (creche) or registered childminders based in their own homes looking after two or more children. Child-care refers to children at youngest age (typically children aged under 3); pre-primary schools are excluded.

Enrolment in child-care centres: Number of children aged under 3 enrolled in child-care centres per 100 children of the same age group. Data normally refer to beginning of the school-year.

Availability of places in child-care centres: Ratio of the number of places available for children aged under 3 in child-care centres per 100 children of the same age group. Data refer to beginning of the school-year.

General note: depending on the organization of education and child-care centers in countries, data may be available for age groups different from under 3 years. Such differences and other deviations from the above definitions are specified in country notes.

.. - data not available

Country: Austria
Change in definition (1995 - 2012): Data include centre-based institutions and exclude home-based arrangements.
Country: Austria
Reference period (1995 - 2012): Age calculation as of 31 August, the beginning of school year.
Country: Belgium
Change in definition (1990 - 2012): Data refer to children aged 0-2.5 years
Country: Belgium
Reference period (2008 - 2009): Data refer to children enrolled on October 2008
Country: Belgium
Territorial change (1990 - 2012): Data cover only the French community of Belgium
Country: Bulgaria
Reference period (1980 - 2012): Data refer to end of calendar year. E.g. 1980-1981 refers to 31.12.1980.
Country: Croatia
Additional information (2011 - 2012): Census 2011 data are used for children of the corresponding age.
Country: Croatia
Data refers to children aged 6 months to 2 years.
Country: Cyprus
Data refer to the Government controlled area only.
Country: Cyprus
Data only include enrolmemts in child care centres, exclude child care provided by registered childminders.
Country: Denmark
Reference period (2004): As of 2004, reference month changed from March to September.
Country: Estonia
Change in definition (1995 - 2007): Data refer to children aged 1?2 years.
Country: Estonia
Change in definition (2008 onward): Data refer to children aged 0-2 years.
Country: Estonia
Reference period (1995 - 2008): Data refer to middle of the school year, i.e. end of calendar year.
Country: Estonia
Reference period (2009 onward): Data refer to beginning of school year.
Country: Finland
Change in definition (2000 - 2012): Data refer to end of calendar year.
Country: Finland
The data include full- and part-time care in day care centres and families
Country: France
Data cover only Metropolitan France. Child care refers to child care centers and registered childminders based in their own homes. The data exclude pre-primary school, kindergartens, unregistered childminders and childminders working at home. Available places are here counted regardless of the age of the children actually using them : all of them are theorically available for 0-2 years old but some of them are in practice used for children aged 3 or more.
Country: Georgia
Change in definition (2008 - 2009): Data cover only child care organizations and refer to december.
Country: Georgia
Territorial change (2000 onward): Data do not cover Abkhazia AR and Tskhinvali Region.
Country: Germany
Break in methodology (1990): Average calculated for Germany
Country: Germany
Reference period (1990): Data refer to 21.12.1991.
Country: Germany
Reference period (1995): Data refer to 1994.
Country: Germany
Reference period (2000): Data on places refer to 31.12.1998.
Country: Germany
Children in day care are included starting with reference year 2012/2013 according to definition of ISCED Level 010 in ISCED 2011.
Country: Hungary
Change in definition (1990 - 2007): Data for available places refer to all children enrolled including children aged 3+ years.
Data referred only to nurseries, from 2008 day care and child minding are also included.
Country: Hungary
Reference period (1990 onward): Data refer to 31 May of each year
Country: Iceland
Change in definition (1990 - 2012): Data refer to children aged 0-2 years in formal child-care arrangements and with registered private child-minders.
Country: Israel
Data are from registers.
Country: Italy
Change in definition (1980 - 2003): Data refer to formal child-care arrangements in public centres.
Country: Italy
Change in definition (2004 - 2012): Data refer to formal child-care arrangements, public or private.
Country: Kazakhstan
Change in definition (2001 - 2012): Data refer to children aged 0-2 years enrolled in permanent pre-primary organizations functioning at least 10 months per year. Data do not cover other types of existing organizations such as seasonal kindergartens etc.
Country: Kyrgyzstan
Reference period (1990 - 2012): Data refer to the end of the year.
Country: Lithuania
Data refer to children aged 1-2 years. Data refer to end of calendar year
Country: Moldova, Republic of
Data exclude the territory of the Transnistria and municipality of Bender. Data for indicator ''Places available in child-care centres per 100 children'' refers to 0-6 group of age.
Country: Montenegro
Change in definition (2000 - 2012): Data refer to children aged 0-2 years enrolled in pre-primary public organizations.
Country: Netherlands
Data refer to children aged 0-4 years
Country: Netherlands
1995-1996 data refer to 1996. 2000-2001 data refer to 2000, 2002-2003 data refer to 2002 etc.
Country: Norway
Data refer to end of calendar year. i.e. 2000/2001 data refer to December 2000.
Country: Poland
From 2000 onwards, data concern health care facility: nurseries and nursery wards of nursery schools. Since 2011, the data also apply to children’s club which are a new form of childcare.
Country: Poland
Reference period (from 2000 onwards): The data in the two-year period refers to the end of the calendar year mentioned in the range as earlier
Country: Portugal
Data refer to calendar year
Country: Portugal
Data cover mainland only.
Country: Romania
Break in methodlogy (2002): From 2002, reference population is the resident population
Country: Romania
Break in methodology (2010): data refer to formal child-care in public and private sector. Starting 2010 data refer to children aged 0 to less than 3 years. The reference population is the population aged 0-2 years. However in enrolled population also includes children aged 3 years and over. From 2014 data compiled according to ISCED 2011.
Country: Romania
Change in definition (1990 - 2012): Data refer to formal child-care in public and private sector.
Country: Romania
Reference period (1990 - 2012): Data refer to calendar year. i.e. data for 2009-2010 refer to 2009.
Country: Romania
Reference period (2010): Data refer to calendar year. i.e. data for 2009-2010 refer to 2009.
Data refer to calendar year. i.e. data for 2010-2011 refer to 2010.
Country: Russian Federation
Reference period (2000 - 2012): Data are given at the end of the year.
Country: Serbia
Territorial change (2000 - 2012): The Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia has no available data on the AP Kosovo and Metohija.
Country: Sweden
Change in definition (1980 - onwards): Data refer to children aged 1-2 years due to longer parental leave which allows most children aged 0-1 years to be with their parents.
Country: Sweden
Reference period (2000): Before 2000/2001: data as of 31 December. From 2001: data as of 15 December.
Country: Switzerland
Data refer to children from 0 to less than 4 years.
Country: Tajikistan
Change in definition (2000 - 2012): Data refer to children aged 0-3 years.
Country: Tajikistan
Reference period (2006 - 2007): Data refer to end of calendar year
Country: Ukraine
Reference period (1990 - 2014): Data refer to calendar year. For all years, data refer to children aged 0-2.
Country: United Kingdom
Change in definition (2010 - 2012): Childcare includes: Day nursery, Playgroup or Preschool, and Childminders. Childminders look after at least one child for more than 2 hours in any day
Country: United Kingdom
Reference period (2010 - 2012): Figures do not relate to the beginning of the school year but to a term-time reference week. The Survey is not carried out at the same point each year
Country: United Kingdom
Territorial change (2010 - 2012): Figures relate to England only and not the whole of the UK
Country: United States
Change in definition (1995 - 2012): Data refer to civilian, non-institutionalized population. Data refer to children enrolled in an organized care facility which includes day care centers, nursery, preschools, Federal Head Start programs, and kindergarten, grade school.
Country: United States
Reference period (2000): Data refer to 1999.