Total length of roads at 31 December by type of road
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Source: UNECE Transport Division Database.

Road : Line of communication (travelled way) using a stabilized base other than rails or air strips open to public traffic, primarily for the use of road motor vehicles running on their own wheels.
Included are bridges, tunnels, supporting structures, junctions, crossings and interchanges. Toll roads are also included. Excluded are dedicated cycle paths.

Category of road (state roads, provincial roads, local roads) : Classification of the road network according to:
(a) administration responsible for its construction maintenance and/or
(b) according to design standards or,
(c) according to the users allowed to have access on the road.

Motorway : Road, specially designed and built for motor traffic, which does not serve properties bordering on it, and which:
(a) is provided, except at special points or temporarily, with separate carriageways for the two directions of traffic, separated from each other, either by a dividing strip not intended for traffic, or exceptionally by other means;
(b) does not cross at level with any road, railway or tramway track, or footpath;
(c) is specially sign-posted as a motorway and is reserved for specific categories of road motor vehicles. Entry and exit lanes of motorways are included irrespectively of the location of the sign-posts. Urban motorways are also included.

E road : The international “E“ network consists of a system of reference roads as laid down in the European Agreement on Main International Arteries, Geneva, 15 November 1975 and its amendments.

Please note that country footnotes are not always in alphabetical order.

.. - data not available

Country: Serbia
Territorial change (2000 onward): Data do not cover Kosovo and Metohija.
Country: Georgia
''Local roads included under ''Provincial Roads''
Country: Hungary
''Local roads included under ''Provincial Roads''
Country: Israel
''Local roads included under ''Provincial Roads''
Country: Kazakhstan
''Local roads included under ''Provincial Roads''
Country: Armenia
''Local roads included under ''Provincial Roads''
Country: Tajikistan
''Local roads included under ''Provincial Roads''
Country: Azerbaijan
''Local roads included under ''Provincial Roads''
Country: Ukraine
''Local roads included under ''Provincial Roads''
Country: Belarus
''Local roads included under ''Provincial Roads''
Country: Croatia
In 2012, the Highway Act came into force and unclassified roads are excluded from other roads
Country: Czechia
Road administration system change since 1 January 2016; most of expressways were changed into class II motorways.
Country: Estonia
''Motorways'' refers to first class roads, ''Provincial roads'' refers to local roads, ''Local roads'' refers to forest and private roads
Country: Netherlands
''Motorways'' includes communal, provincial and state roads. ''Local roads'' refers to communal and district water board roads. Data are from 1 April.
Country: Norway
Data for state roads and provincial roads from 2010 onward are not comparable with previous years due to the reclassification of approximately 17 000 kilometres of roads.
Country: Portugal
Refers to mainland only
Country: Russian Federation
''Motorways'' refers to Category 1A roads of federal, regional or inter-municipal significance, ''State roads'' refers to public roads of federal significance. ''Provincial roads'' refers to public roads of regional or inter-municipal significance.
Country: Slovenia
Motorways refers to state motorways and highways. State roads refers to main and secondary state roads. Provincial roads refers to urban and rural municipal roads. Communal roads refers to combined urban / rural municipal roads.
Country: Sweden
''Other roads'' excludes private roads without operational grants. ''State roads'' includes E roads and national roads.
Country: Switzerland
State roads refer to other national roads. Provincial roads refer to canton roads.
Country: United States
Motorways include Puerto Rico.


Sid Ahmed Ould Khou, TRDIV
Tel: +41229172421
Fax: +41229170039
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UNECE Transport Division