Poverty and Inequality (Target 1A): population living below $1.25, income poorest to richest quintile, poverty gap ratio
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Footnotes

General note on the UNECE MDG Database:

The database aims to show the official national estimates of MDG-indicators used for monitoring progress towards the Millennium Development Goals. Data is shown alongside official international estimates of MDG-indicators (as published on the official United Nations site for the MDG Indicators: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/mdg). Besides the international MDG-indicators, other indicators and disaggregates that are relevant for the UNECE-region are included.

At present, the tables include data from the latest official MDG-report of each country. Currently, data from official dedicated MDG-websites and previous official national MDG-reports are being added. Additionally, more detailed metadata is being added to the footnotes. Additional indicators might be added if they are used generally across the region.
Please note that some indicators are also available in the Gender Statistics Database of UNECE. Figures might differ due to the use of different sources.


Definition of the indicators: Explanations on the indicators are listed below. Deviations from the standard definitions provided here are specified in the country-specific footnotes.
Indicator
Population below $1 (PPP) per day (%)
Definition: This indicator is defined as the percentage of the population living in households below the international poverty line where the average daily consumption (or income) per person is less than $1.25 a day measured at 2005 international prices adjusted for purchasing power parity (PPP).
Income poorest quintile to the income of the richest quintile
Definition: The ratio of the income of the poorest quintile to the income of the richest quintile is the share of a country’s national income that accrues to the poorest quintile (fifth) of the population to the share of a country's national income that accrues to the richest quintile (fifth).
Poverty gap ratio at $1 a day (PPP) (%)
Definition: The poverty gap is the mean shortfall of the total population from the international poverty line of $1.25 (counting the non-poor as having zero shortfall), expressed as a percentage of the poverty line.
Poverty gap ratio at national poverty line (%)
Definition: The poverty gap is the mean shortfall of the total population from the national poverty line (counting the non-poor as having zero shortfall), expressed as a percentage of the poverty line.
Poorest quintile‘s share in national income or consumption (%)
Definition: The share of a country’s national consumption or income that accrues to the poorest quintile (fifth) of the population.
Gini coefficient
Definition: The Gini coefficient measures the extent to which the distribution of income among households within a country deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Gini coefficient of 0 represents perfect equality, while a coefficient of 1 implies perfect inequality. The coefficient is calculated from the Lorenz curve, in which cumulative family income is plotted against the number of families arranged
Indicator: Population below $1 (PPP) per day (%) , Country: Albania
International Series: 1997, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2008: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Income poorest quintile to the income of the richest quintile , Country: Albania
National Series Reference: 2008: MDG Progress Report 2010; Source in Reference: 2008: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2008: HBS 2008;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at $1 a day (PPP) (%) , Country: Albania
International Series: 1997, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2008: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at national poverty line (%) , Country: Albania
National Series Reference: 2002 to 2008: MDG Progress Report 2010; Definition: 2002 to 2008: National poverty line, unknown definition; Source in Reference: 2002 to 2008: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2002: LSMS 2002; 2008: LSMS/HBS;
Indicator: Poorest quintile‘s share in national income or consumption (%) , Country: Albania
National Series Reference: 2002 to 2008: MDG Progress Report 2010; Definition: 2002 to 2008: National consumption; Source in Reference: 2002 to 2008: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2002: LSMS 2002; 2005: LSMS 2005; 2008: LSMS/HBS;
International Series: 1997, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2008: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Population below $1 (PPP) per day (%) , Country: Armenia
National Series Reference: 1998: MDG Status of Implementation 2001; 1999 to 2003: MDG Report 2005; 2004 to 2009: ArmeniaInfo at: http://www.armdevinfo.am/ (accessed: 15 June 2011); 2010: ArmeniaInfo (http://www.armdevinfo.am/) 2012-05-12; 2011 to 2012: Armenia MDGs Indicators (http://www.armstat.am/) 06/02/2014; Definition: 1998 to 2006: $1.00 (PPP); 2008 to 2012: $1.25 (PPP); Reference period: 1998: 1998-07-01 to 1999-06-30; Source in Reference: 1998: Social Snapshot and Poverty in the Republic of Armenia, NSS, Yerevan 2001; 2004 to 2012: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 1998: LSMS 1998-1999; 1999 to 2003: Household Survey; 2004 to 2012: Integrated Living Conditions Survey;
International Series: 1999, 2001 to 2008, 2010: Consumption based.; 1996: Income based.;
Indicator: Income poorest quintile to the income of the richest quintile , Country: Armenia
National Series Reference: 1999: MDG Progress Report 2005-2009; 2001 to 2003: MDG Report 2005; 2004 to 2008: MDG Progress Report 2005-2009;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at $1 a day (PPP) (%) , Country: Armenia
National Series Reference: 2004 to 2008: ArmeniaInfo at: http://www.armdevinfo.am/ (accessed: 15 June 2011); Definition: 2004 to 2008: $1.00 (PPP); Note: 2004 to 2008: According to 2004 World Bank methodology; Source in Reference: 2004 to 2008: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2004 to 2008: Integrated Living Conditions Survey;
International Series: 1999, 2001 to 2008, 2010: Consumption based.; 1996: Income based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at national poverty line (%) , Country: Armenia
National Series Reference: 2008 to 2009: ArmeniaInfo at: http://www.armdevinfo.am/ (accessed: 15 June 2011); 2010: ArmeniaInfo (http://www.armdevinfo.am/) 2012-05-12; 2011 to 2012: Armenia MDGs Indicators (http://www.armstat.am/) 06/02/2014; Definition: 2008 to 2012: National poverty line, unknown definition; Note: 2008 to 2009: According to 2009 World Bank methodology; 2010: By 2009 ILCS methodology.; Source in Reference: 2008 to 2012: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2008 to 2012: Integrated Living Conditions Survey;
Indicator: Poorest quintile‘s share in national income or consumption (%) , Country: Armenia
National Series Reference: 1999 to 2003: MDG Report 2005; 2004 to 2009: ArmeniaInfo at: http://www.armdevinfo.am/ (accessed: 15 June 2011); 2010 to 2012: Armenia MDGs Indicators (http://www.armstat.am/) 06/02/2014; Note: 2009: According to 2009 World Bank methodology. Consumption aggregate.; 2009: ILCS methodology; 2008: 10.6 according to ILCS methodology; Source in Reference: 2004 to 2012: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 1999 to 2003: Household Survey; 2009 to 2012: Integrated Living Conditions Survey;
International Series: 1999, 2001 to 2008, 2010: Consumption based.; 1996: Income based.;
Indicator: Gini coefficient , Country: Armenia
National Series Reference: 1999 to 2007: MDG Progress Report 2005-2009; Definition: 1999 to 2007: Income based; Source in Reference: 1999 to 2007: Social Snapshot and Poverty in the Republic of Armenia, NSS, Yerevan 2001;
Indicator: Population below $1 (PPP) per day (%) , Country: Azerbaijan
International Series: 1995, 2001, 2008: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Income poorest quintile to the income of the richest quintile , Country: Azerbaijan
National Series Reference: 2003: MDG Progress Report 2003/2004; Primary Source in Reference: 2003: HBS;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at $1 a day (PPP) (%) , Country: Azerbaijan
International Series: 1995, 2001, 2008: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at national poverty line (%) , Country: Azerbaijan
National Series Reference: 2002 to 2003: MDG Progress Report 2003/2004; Definition: 2002 to 2003: Basic needs based; Source in Reference: 2002 to 2003: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2002 to 2003: HBS;
Indicator: Poorest quintile‘s share in national income or consumption (%) , Country: Azerbaijan
National Series Reference: 2002 to 2003: MDG Progress Report 2003/2004; 2008 to 2012: NSO MDG data; Definition: 2002 to 2003: National consumption; Source in Reference: 2002 to 2012: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2002 to 2003: HBS;
International Series: 1995, 2001, 2008: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Gini coefficient , Country: Azerbaijan
National Series Reference: 2003: MDG Progress Report 2003/2004; Definition: 2003: Income based; Primary Source in Reference: 2003: HBS;
Indicator: Population below $1 (PPP) per day (%) , Country: Belarus
International Series: 2000 to 2002, 2004 to 2011: Consumption based.; 1993, 1995, 1998: Income based.;
Indicator: Income poorest quintile to the income of the richest quintile , Country: Belarus
National Series Reference: 2000 to 2011: MDG Report 2012; Primary Source in Reference: 2000 to 2011: Sample household living standards survey;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at $1 a day (PPP) (%) , Country: Belarus
International Series: 2000 to 2002, 2004 to 2011: Consumption based.; 1993, 1995, 1998: Income based.;
Indicator: Poorest quintile‘s share in national income or consumption (%) , Country: Belarus
National Series Reference: 1995 to 1999: MDG Progress 2005; 2000 to 2009: MDG progress 2010; 2010 to 2011: MDG Report 2012; Definition: 1995 to 2009: National consumption; Primary Source in Reference: 2010 to 2011: Sample household living standards survey;
International Series: 2000 to 2002, 2004 to 2011: Consumption based.; 1993, 1995, 1998: Income based.;
Indicator: Gini coefficient , Country: Belarus
National Series Reference: 2000 to 2011: MDG Report 2012; Definition: 2000 to 2011: Income based; Primary Source in Reference: 2000 to 2011: Sample household living standards survey;
Indicator: Population below $1 (PPP) per day (%) , Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina
International Series: 2001, 2004, 2007: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Income poorest quintile to the income of the richest quintile , Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina
National Series Reference: 2000 to 2011: MDG Report 2013; Source in Reference: 2011: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2000: LSMS 2000-2001; 2007: HBS 2007; 2011: HBS;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at $1 a day (PPP) (%) , Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina
International Series: 2001, 2004, 2007: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at national poverty line (%) , Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina
National Series Reference: 2001: MDG Report 2004; Definition: 2001: National poverty line, unknown definition; Reference period: 2001: 2000/01; Source in Reference: 2001: BiH Statistics Agencies; Primary Source in Reference: 2001: LSMS 2000-2001;
Indicator: Poorest quintile‘s share in national income or consumption (%) , Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina
National Series Reference: 2000: MDG progress report 2010; 2001: MDG Report 2004; 2007: MDG progress report 2010; Definition: 2000: National consumption; 2001: National income; 2007: National consumption; Reference period: 2000: 2000-2001; 2001: 2000/01; Source in Reference: 2000: World Bank 2003; 2001: BiH Statistics Agencies; 2007: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2000 to 2001: LSMS 2000-2001; 2007: HBS 2007;
International Series: 2001, 2004, 2007: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Gini coefficient , Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina
National Series Reference: 2000: MDG progress report 2010; 2001: MDG Report 2004; 2007: MDG progress report 2010; Definition: 2000: Income based; 2007: Income based; Reference period: 2001: 2000/01; Source in Reference: 2000: World Bank 2010; 2001: UNDP; 2007: World Bank; Primary Source in Reference: 2001: LSMS 2000-2001;
Indicator: Population below $1 (PPP) per day (%) , Country: Bulgaria
International Series: 1994, 1997, 2001, 2003, 2007: Consumption based.; 1992, 1995: Income based.;
Indicator: Income poorest quintile to the income of the richest quintile , Country: Bulgaria
National Series Reference: 2001 to 2007: MDG report 2010; Source in Reference: 2001 to 2007: NSO;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at $1 a day (PPP) (%) , Country: Bulgaria
International Series: 1994, 1997, 2001, 2003, 2007: Consumption based.; 1992, 1995: Income based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at national poverty line (%) , Country: Bulgaria
National Series Reference: 2001 to 2007: MDG report 2010; Definition: 2001 to 2007: Relative poverty line;
Indicator: Poorest quintile‘s share in national income or consumption (%) , Country: Bulgaria
International Series: 1994, 1997, 2001, 2003, 2007: Consumption based.; 1992, 1995: Income based.;
Indicator: Gini coefficient , Country: Bulgaria
National Series Reference: 2001 to 2007: MDG report 2010; Definition: 2001 to 2007: Income based;
Indicator: Population below $1 (PPP) per day (%) , Country: Croatia
International Series: 1998 to 2001, 2004, 2008: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at $1 a day (PPP) (%) , Country: Croatia
International Series: 1998 to 2001, 2004, 2008: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Poorest quintile‘s share in national income or consumption (%) , Country: Croatia
International Series: 1998 to 2001, 2004, 2008: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Gini coefficient , Country: Croatia
National Series Reference: 1998 to 2000: MDG Report 2004;
Indicator: Population below $1 (PPP) per day (%) , Country: Czechia
International Series: 1993, 1996: Income based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at $1 a day (PPP) (%) , Country: Czechia
International Series: 1993, 1996: Income based.;
Indicator: Poorest quintile‘s share in national income or consumption (%) , Country: Czechia
International Series: 1993, 1996: Income based.;
Indicator: Gini coefficient , Country: Czechia
National Series Reference: 1997: MDG report 2004; Definition: 1997: Income based; Source in Reference: 1997: EUROSTAT; Primary Source in Reference: 1997: European Community Household Panel 1994-2001;
Indicator: Population below $1 (PPP) per day (%) , Country: Estonia
International Series: 1995, 1998, 2000 to 2004: Consumption based.; 1993: Income based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at $1 a day (PPP) (%) , Country: Estonia
International Series: 1995, 1998, 2000 to 2004: Consumption based.; 1993: Income based.;
Indicator: Poorest quintile‘s share in national income or consumption (%) , Country: Estonia
International Series: 1995, 1998, 2000 to 2004: Consumption based.; 1993: Income based.;
Indicator: Population below $1 (PPP) per day (%) , Country: Georgia
International Series: 1996 to 2003, 2005 to 2010: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at $1 a day (PPP) (%) , Country: Georgia
International Series: 1996 to 2003, 2005 to 2010: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at national poverty line (%) , Country: Georgia
National Series Reference: 2000 to 2004: MDG Progress Report 2004-2005; Definition: 2000 to 2004: Basic needs based; Source in Reference: 2000 to 2004: Min. of Economic Development, Statistics Department ;
Indicator: Poorest quintile‘s share in national income or consumption (%) , Country: Georgia
National Series Reference: 2000 to 2004: MDG Progress Report 2004-2005; Definition: 2000 to 2004: National consumption; Source in Reference: 2000 to 2004: Min. of Economic Development, Statistics Department ;
International Series: 1996 to 2003, 2005 to 2010: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Population below $1 (PPP) per day (%) , Country: Hungary
International Series: 1998 to 2002, 2004, 2007: Consumption based.; 1993: Income based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at $1 a day (PPP) (%) , Country: Hungary
International Series: 1998 to 2002, 2004, 2007: Consumption based.; 1993: Income based.;
Indicator: Poorest quintile‘s share in national income or consumption (%) , Country: Hungary
International Series: 1998 to 2002, 2004, 2007: Consumption based.; 1993: Income based.;
Indicator: Income poorest quintile to the income of the richest quintile , Country: Kazakhstan
National Series Reference: 2001 to 2009: MDG Report 2010; Source in Reference: 2001 to 2009: NSO;
Indicator: Population below $1 (PPP) per day (%) , Country: Kazakhstan
National Series Reference: 2001 to 2006: Poverty assessment in Kazakhstan: current status and prospects for development; Definition: 2001 to 2006: $1.00 (PPP); Source in Reference: 2001 to 2006: NSO;
International Series: 1996, 2001 to 2004, 2006 to 2009: Consumption based.; 1993: Income based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at $1 a day (PPP) (%) , Country: Kazakhstan
National Series Reference: 2001 to 2006: Poverty assessment in Kazakhstan: current status and prospects for development; Definition: 2001 to 2006: $1.00 (PPP); Source in Reference: 2001 to 2006: NSO;
International Series: 1996, 2001 to 2004, 2006 to 2009: Consumption based.; 1993: Income based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at national poverty line (%) , Country: Kazakhstan
National Series Reference: 1996 to 2009: MDG Report 2010; Definition: 1996 to 2009: Basic needs based; Note: 2001 to 2005: Reestimated in accordance with the new subsistence minimum methodology (effective from 2006); 2006 to 2009: New subsistence minimum methodology; Source in Reference: 1996 to 2009: NSO;
Indicator: Poorest quintile‘s share in national income or consumption (%) , Country: Kazakhstan
National Series Reference: 2001 to 2002: Poverty assessment in Kazakhstan: current status and prospects for development; 2003 to 2010: UNECE Questionnaire Sept 2011; 2011 to 2012: Poverty assessment in Kazakhstan: current status and prospects for development; Source in Reference: 2001 to 2012: NSO;
International Series: 1996, 2001 to 2004, 2006 to 2009: Consumption based.; 1993: Income based.;
Indicator: Gini coefficient , Country: Kazakhstan
National Series Reference: 1996 to 2009: MDG Report 2010; 2010 to 2012: Poverty assessment in Kazakhstan: current status and prospects for development; Definition: 1996 to 2012: Income based; Source in Reference: 2001 to 2012: NSO;
Indicator: Population below $1 (PPP) per day (%) , Country: Kyrgyzstan
National Series Reference: 1996 to 2012: NSO MDG database as on 2014-07-08; Definition: 1996 to 2009: $1.00 (PPP); 2011 to 2012: $1.25 (PPP); Note: 2011 to 2012: PPP World Bank; 2008: Preliminary Data; Source in Reference: 1996 to 2009: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2000 to 2002: HBS; 2003 to 2012: Integrated Household Survey;
International Series: 1993, 1998, 2002, 2004 to 2011: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at $1 a day (PPP) (%) , Country: Kyrgyzstan
International Series: 1993, 1998, 2002, 2004 to 2011: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at national poverty line (%) , Country: Kyrgyzstan
National Series Reference: 1996 to 2010: NSO MDG database as on 2014-07-08; Definition: 1996 to 2010: Food basket based; Source in Reference: 1996 to 2010: NSO;
Indicator: Poorest quintile‘s share in national income or consumption (%) , Country: Kyrgyzstan
National Series Reference: 1991 to 2010: NSO MDG database as on 2014-07-08; Source in Reference: 1991 to 2010: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2000 to 2002: HBS; 2003 to 2010: Integrated Household Survey;
International Series: 1993, 1998, 2002, 2004 to 2011: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Income poorest quintile to the income of the richest quintile , Country: Latvia
National Series Reference: 1996 to 2003: MDG Report 2005; Source in Reference: 1996 to 2003: NSO;
Indicator: Population below $1 (PPP) per day (%) , Country: Latvia
International Series: 1998, 2002 to 2004, 2007 to 2009: Consumption based.; 1993, 1995 to 1997: Income based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at $1 a day (PPP) (%) , Country: Latvia
International Series: 1998, 2002 to 2004, 2007 to 2009: Consumption based.; 1993, 1995 to 1997: Income based.;
Indicator: Poorest quintile‘s share in national income or consumption (%) , Country: Latvia
International Series: 1998, 2002 to 2004, 2007 to 2009: Consumption based.; 1993, 1995 to 1997: Income based.;
Indicator: Gini coefficient , Country: Latvia
National Series Reference: 1997 to 2003: MDG Report 2005; Definition: 1997 to 2003: Income based; Source in Reference: 1997 to 2003: NSO;
Indicator: Income poorest quintile to the income of the richest quintile , Country: Lithuania
National Series Reference: 1996 to 2000: MDG Assessment 2002;
Indicator: Population below $1 (PPP) per day (%) , Country: Lithuania
International Series: 1996, 1998, 2000 to 2002, 2004, 2008: Consumption based.; 1993: Income based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at $1 a day (PPP) (%) , Country: Lithuania
International Series: 1996, 1998, 2000 to 2002, 2004, 2008: Consumption based.; 1993: Income based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at national poverty line (%) , Country: Lithuania
National Series Reference: 1996 to 2000: MDG Assessment 2002; Definition: 1996 to 2000: Basic needs based;
Indicator: Poorest quintile‘s share in national income or consumption (%) , Country: Lithuania
International Series: 1996, 1998, 2000 to 2002, 2004, 2008: Consumption based.; 1993: Income based.;
Indicator: Gini coefficient , Country: Lithuania
National Series Reference: 1996 to 2000: MDG Assessment 2002; Definition: 1996 to 2000: Consumption based;
Indicator: Population below $1 (PPP) per day (%) , Country: Moldova, Republic of
International Series: 1997 to 1999, 2001 to 2010: Consumption based.; 1992: Income based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at $1 a day (PPP) (%) , Country: Moldova, Republic of
National Series Reference: 1998 to 2000: MDG Report 2005; Definition: 1998 to 2000: Food basket based; Source in Reference: 1998 to 2000: Min. of Economy and Commerce; Primary Source in Reference: 1998 to 2000: HBS;
International Series: 1997 to 1999, 2001 to 2010: Consumption based.; 1992: Income based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at national poverty line (%) , Country: Moldova, Republic of
National Series Reference: 2000 to 2010: Statbank of the National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova as on 08-08-2012; 2011 to 2012: Moldova Statbank (http://statbank.statistica.md) 11-11-2013; Definition: 2000 to 2012: Basic needs based; Note: 2000 to 2012: Information is presented without the data from the left side of the river Nistru and municipality Bender.; Source in Reference: 2000 to 2012: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2000 to 2010: HBS;
Indicator: Poorest quintile‘s share in national income or consumption (%) , Country: Moldova, Republic of
National Series Reference: 2000 to 2010: Statbank of the National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova as on 08-08-2012; 2011 to 2012: Moldova Statbank (http://statbank.statistica.md) 11-11-2013; Definition: 2000 to 2012: National consumption; Note: 2000 to 2012: Information is presented without the data from the left side of the river Nistru and municipality Bender.; Source in Reference: 2000 to 2005: NSO; 2006 to 2012: NSO / Min. of Economy and Commerce; Primary Source in Reference: 2000 to 2010: HBS;
International Series: 1997 to 1999, 2001 to 2010: Consumption based.; 1992: Income based.;
Indicator: Gini coefficient , Country: Moldova, Republic of
National Series Reference: 2008 to 2009: MDG Report 2010; Definition: 2008 to 2009: Consumption based;
Indicator: Income poorest quintile to the income of the richest quintile , Country: Montenegro
National Series Reference: 2003 to 2005: MDG Report 2010; 2006 to 2011: MDG Report 2013; Source in Reference: 2003 to 2005: NSO;
Indicator: Population below $1 (PPP) per day (%) , Country: Montenegro
National Series Reference: 1990 to 2005: MDG Report 2004; Definition: 1990 to 2005: $1.00 (PPP); Note: 2005: Estimated;
International Series: 2005 to 2010: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at $1 a day (PPP) (%) , Country: Montenegro
National Series Reference: 1990 to 2005: MDG Report 2004; Definition: 1990 to 2005: $1.00 (PPP); Note: 1990: Estimated; 2005: Estimated;
International Series: 2005 to 2010: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at national poverty line (%) , Country: Montenegro
National Series Reference: 2000: MDG Report 2004; 2005 to 2008: MDG Report 2010; 2009 to 2011: MDG Report 2013; Definition: 2000 to 2011: Basic needs based; Source in Reference: 2000: DPRS; 2005 to 2008: NSO;
Indicator: Poorest quintile‘s share in national income or consumption (%) , Country: Montenegro
National Series Reference: 1990 to 2005: MDG Report 2004; 2007 to 2008: MDG Report 2010; Definition: 1990 to 2008: National consumption; Note: 1990: Estimated; 2005: Estimated; Source in Reference: 2007 to 2008: NSO;
International Series: 2005 to 2010: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Gini coefficient , Country: Montenegro
National Series Reference: 2000: MDG Report 2004; 2003 to 2008: MDG Report 2010; 2009 to 2011: MDG Report 2013; Definition: 2003 to 2008: Income based; 2009 to 2011: Unknown base; Source in Reference: 2003 to 2008: NSO;
Indicator: Population below $1 (PPP) per day (%) , Country: Poland
International Series: 1992, 1996, 1998 to 2002, 2004 to 2011: Consumption based.; 1993: Income based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at $1 a day (PPP) (%) , Country: Poland
International Series: 1992, 1996, 1998 to 2002, 2004 to 2011: Consumption based.; 1993: Income based.;
Indicator: Poorest quintile‘s share in national income or consumption (%) , Country: Poland
International Series: 1992, 1996, 1998 to 2002, 2004 to 2011: Consumption based.; 1993: Income based.;
Indicator: Population below $1 (PPP) per day (%) , Country: Romania
International Series: 1998, 2000 to 2011: Consumption based.; 1992, 1994: Income based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at $1 a day (PPP) (%) , Country: Romania
International Series: 1998, 2000 to 2011: Consumption based.; 1992, 1994: Income based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at national poverty line (%) , Country: Romania
National Series Reference: 1995 to 2002: MDG Report 2003; 2003 to 2009: MDG Report 2010; Definition: 1995 to 2002: Food basket based; 2003 to 2009: National poverty line, unknown definition; Note: 1995 to 2002: According to 2003 World Bank methodology; Source in Reference: 2003 to 2009: NSO;
Indicator: Poorest quintile‘s share in national income or consumption (%) , Country: Romania
National Series Reference: 2003 to 2009: MDG Report 2010; Definition: 2003 to 2009: National consumption; Source in Reference: 2003 to 2009: NSO;
International Series: 1998, 2000 to 2011: Consumption based.; 1992, 1994: Income based.;
Indicator: Gini coefficient , Country: Romania
National Series Reference: 1997 to 2008: MDG Report 2010; Definition: 1997 to 2008: Income based;
Indicator: Population below $1 (PPP) per day (%) , Country: Russian Federation
National Series Definition: 2000 to 2008: $1.00 (PPP); Note: 2000 to 2008: Level as decreet by Government; 2000 to 2008: Homeless families and individuals without a fixed address are left out not included.; Reference period: 2000: 2000 Q3; 2001: 2001 Q3; 2002: 2002 Q3; 2003: 2003 Q3; 2004: 2004 Q3; 2005: 2005 Q3; 2006: 2006 Q3; 2007: 2007 Q3; 2008: 2008 Q3; Source in Reference: 2000 to 2008: Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat); Primary Source in Reference: 2000 to 2008: HBS;
International Series: 1993, 1996, 1999, 2001 to 2009: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at $1 a day (PPP) (%) , Country: Russian Federation
International Series: 1993, 1996, 1999, 2001 to 2009: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at national poverty line (%) , Country: Russian Federation
National Series Definition: 2000 to 2008: Basic needs based;
Indicator: Poorest quintile‘s share in national income or consumption (%) , Country: Russian Federation
National Series Definition: 1970 to 2009: National income;
International Series: 1993, 1996, 1999, 2001 to 2009: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Gini coefficient , Country: Russian Federation
National Series Definition: 2000 to 2009: Income based;
Indicator: Population below $1 (PPP) per day (%) , Country: Serbia
International Series: 2002 to 2010: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at $1 a day (PPP) (%) , Country: Serbia
International Series: 2002 to 2010: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at national poverty line (%) , Country: Serbia
National Series Reference: 1988 to 2002: MDG Report 2001-2004; Definition: 1988 to 2002: Food basket based; Source in Reference: 1988 to 2001: NSO ; Primary Source in Reference: 1988 to 2001: Household Consumption Survey; 2002: LSMS;
Indicator: Poorest quintile‘s share in national income or consumption (%) , Country: Serbia
International Series: 2002 to 2010: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Gini coefficient , Country: Serbia
National Series Reference: 1988 to 2002: MDG Report 2001-2004; Source in Reference: 1988 to 2001: NSO ; Primary Source in Reference: 1988 to 2001: Household Consumption Survey; 2002: LSMS;
Indicator: Income poorest quintile to the income of the richest quintile , Country: Slovakia
National Series Reference: 1996 to 2003: MDG report 2004; Source in Reference: 1996 to 2003: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 1996 to 2003: Microcensus 1996;
Indicator: Population below $1 (PPP) per day (%) , Country: Slovakia
International Series: 2004 to 2009: Consumption based.; 1992, 1996: Income based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at $1 a day (PPP) (%) , Country: Slovakia
International Series: 2004 to 2009: Consumption based.; 1992, 1996: Income based.;
Indicator: Poorest quintile‘s share in national income or consumption (%) , Country: Slovakia
International Series: 2004 to 2009: Consumption based.; 1992, 1996: Income based.;
Indicator: Gini coefficient , Country: Slovakia
National Series Reference: 1992 to 1996: MDG report 2004; Definition: 1992 to 1996: Income based; Source in Reference: 1992 to 1996: NSO;
Indicator: Population below $1 (PPP) per day (%) , Country: Slovenia
International Series: 1998, 2002 to 2004: Consumption based.; 1993: Income based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at $1 a day (PPP) (%) , Country: Slovenia
International Series: 1998, 2002 to 2004: Consumption based.; 1993: Income based.;
Indicator: Poorest quintile‘s share in national income or consumption (%) , Country: Slovenia
International Series: 1998, 2002 to 2004: Consumption based.; 1993: Income based.;
Indicator: Population below $1 (PPP) per day (%) , Country: Tajikistan
National Series Reference: 1999: MDG needs assessment 2010; 2001: NSO MDG data; 2003: MDG needs assessment 2010; 2009: MDG Progress Report 2010; Definition: 1999: $1.08 (PPP); 2001: $1.00 (PPP); 2003 to 2009: $1.08 (PPP); Source in Reference: 1999 to 2003: World Bank; 2009: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 1999: LSS 1999; 2003: LSS 2003; 2009: LSS 2009;
International Series: 1999, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2009: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at $1 a day (PPP) (%) , Country: Tajikistan
International Series: 1999, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2009: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Poorest quintile‘s share in national income or consumption (%) , Country: Tajikistan
International Series: 1999, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2009: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Population below $1 (PPP) per day (%) , Country: The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
International Series: 1998, 2000, 2002 to 2006, 2008 to 2010: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at $1 a day (PPP) (%) , Country: The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
International Series: 1998, 2000, 2002 to 2006, 2008 to 2010: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at national poverty line (%) , Country: The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
National Series Reference: 1997 to 2009: MDG progress report 2009; Definition: 1997 to 2009: Relative poverty line; Note: 1997: Below 70% of median income; 2003 to 2009: Below 70% of median income; Source in Reference: 1997 to 2009: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 1997 to 2009: HBS;
Indicator: Poorest quintile‘s share in national income or consumption (%) , Country: The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
International Series: 1998, 2000, 2002 to 2006, 2008 to 2010: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Gini coefficient , Country: The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
National Series Reference: 1997 to 2006: MDG progress report 2009; Definition: 1997 to 2006: Income based; Source in Reference: 1997 to 2000: Government of Macedonia ; 2001 to 2006: UNDP 2008;
Indicator: Population below $1 (PPP) per day (%) , Country: Turkey
National Series Reference: 1994 to 2008: MDG Report 2010; Definition: 1994 to 2008: $1.00 (PPP); Source in Reference: 1994: Joint Poverty Assesment Report 2004; 2002 to 2008: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2002 to 2008: HBS;
International Series: 1994, 2002 to 2010: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at $1 a day (PPP) (%) , Country: Turkey
International Series: 1994, 2002 to 2010: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at national poverty line (%) , Country: Turkey
National Series Reference: 1994: MDG Report 2010; 2006 to 2012: Recent Development in Poverty Measurement in Turkey; Definition: 1994: Food basket based; 2006 to 2012: Relative poverty line (60%); Source in Reference: 1994: NSO; 2006: Women of Kazakhstan , 2000 , National Commission on Family and Women & Feminist League; 2007: UN Statistical Division, Millennium Database; 2008: Tajikles; 2009: Min. for Environmental Protection; 2010: Min. of Environment and Forestry; 2011: NSO, Energy Statistics; 2012: NSO, Environmental Statistics; Primary Source in Reference: 1994: Household Income and Consumption Expenditures Survey 1994;
Indicator: Poorest quintile‘s share in national income or consumption (%) , Country: Turkey
National Series Reference: 1994 to 2008: MDG Report 2010; Definition: 1994 to 2008: National consumption; Source in Reference: 1994 to 2008: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 1994: Household Income and Consumption Expenditures Survey 1994; 2002 to 2008: HBS;
International Series: 1994, 2002 to 2010: Consumption based.;
Indicator: Gini coefficient , Country: Turkey
National Series Reference: 1963 to 1986: MDG Report 2005; 1987 to 2007: MDG Report 2010; Definition: 1963 to 2007: Income based; Source in Reference: 1963 to 1986: SPO 2001; 1987 to 2007: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 1987 to 1994: Household Income and Consumption Expenditures Survey 1994; 2002 to 2005: HBS; 2006 to 2007: SILC;
Indicator: Population below $1 (PPP) per day (%) , Country: Turkmenistan
International Series: 1998: Consumption based.; 1993: Income based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at $1 a day (PPP) (%) , Country: Turkmenistan
International Series: 1998: Consumption based.; 1993: Income based.;
Indicator: Poorest quintile‘s share in national income or consumption (%) , Country: Turkmenistan
International Series: 1998: Consumption based.; 1993: Income based.;
Indicator: Gini coefficient , Country: Turkmenistan
National Series Reference: 2002: MDG Report 2003; Definition: 2002: Income based;
Indicator: Population below $1 (PPP) per day (%) , Country: Ukraine
International Series: 1995, 1996, 2002 to 2010: Consumption based.; 1992, 1999: Income based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at $1 a day (PPP) (%) , Country: Ukraine
International Series: 1995, 1996, 2002 to 2010: Consumption based.; 1992, 1999: Income based.;
Indicator: Poverty gap ratio at national poverty line (%) , Country: Ukraine
National Series Reference: 2007 to 2012: Poverty Measurement in Ukraine: Criteria, Challenges and Prospects; Definition: 2007 to 2012: Relative poverty line; Source in Reference: 2007 to 2012: NSO;
Indicator: Poorest quintile‘s share in national income or consumption (%) , Country: Ukraine
International Series: 1995, 1996, 2002 to 2010: Consumption based.; 1992, 1999: Income based.;
Indicator: Poorest quintile‘s share in national income or consumption (%) , Country: Uzbekistan
International Series: 1998, 2002, 2003: Consumption based.;

Information

Unit
Population below $1 (PPP) per day (%):
%
Income poorest quintile to the income of the richest quintile:
%
Poverty gap ratio at $1 a day (PPP) (%):
%
Poverty gap ratio at national poverty line (%):
%
Poorest quintile‘s share in national income or consumption (%):
%
Gini coefficient:
%
Latest update
Population below $1 (PPP) per day (%):
10/21/2014
Income poorest quintile to the income of the richest quintile:
10/21/2014
Poverty gap ratio at $1 a day (PPP) (%):
10/21/2014
Poverty gap ratio at national poverty line (%):
10/21/2014
Poorest quintile‘s share in national income or consumption (%):
10/21/2014
Gini coefficient:
10/21/2014
Data type
Population below $1 (PPP) per day (%):
Average
Income poorest quintile to the income of the richest quintile:
Average
Poverty gap ratio at $1 a day (PPP) (%):
Average
Poverty gap ratio at national poverty line (%):
Average
Poorest quintile‘s share in national income or consumption (%):
Average
Gini coefficient:
Average
Creation date
2/21/2018
Source
UNECE Statistical Division Database
Matrix
c0000508