UNUnited Nations Economic Commission for Europe
Educational attainment by Level of Education, Age, Sex, Measurement, Country and Year

Educational attainment by Level of Education, Age, Sex, Measurement, Country and Year

Source: UNECE Statistical Database, compiled from national official sources.

Definition: Educational attainment is defined as the highest level successfully completed by the person, in the educational system of the country where the education was received. The levels of education are defined according to the ISCED 1997.


.. - data not available

Armenia:
Change in definition (1980 - 1990): Level of education ?not stated? includes population without education attainment.

Armenia:
Reference period (1980): Data refer to 1979

Armenia:
Reference period (1990): Data refer to 1989

Austria:
Break in methodlogy (2003): Changes in data collection procedure.

Austria:
Break in methodlogy (2004): Up to 2005 ISCED 3c short is included in upper secondary level,

Austria:
Change in definition (1980 - 2000): Data before 2000 do not comply with ISCED97 as regards distinction between upper secondary and tertiary. ISCED97 5B mainly included in Upper Secondary.

Austria:
Change in definition (2006 - 2013): Data include ISCED Level 3c short in lower secondary level.

Azerbaijan:
Reference period (1980 - 2013): Data refer to end of year.

Belarus:
Additional information (1990 - 2013): Total includes population without education.

Belarus:
Break in methodlogy (1990): Data refer to 1989 census

Belarus:
Break in methodlogy (2000): Data refer to 1999 census

Belgium:
2010: break in series: change in methodology.

Bulgaria:
Break in methodlogy (1980): Data are from 1985 census

Bulgaria:
Break in methodlogy (1990): Data are from 1992 census

Bulgaria:
Break in methodlogy (2001): Data are from 2001 census

Bulgaria:
Reference period (1995 - 2002): Data refer to June of respective year

Canada:
Additional information (1990 - 2013): Data cover non-institutionalized population in the 10 provinces, i.e. excluding the three Territories.

Croatia:
Change in definition (1980 - 1990): Data refer to population with permanent residence irrespective of actual residence and duration.
"Education level-not stated" comprises persons with unknown education level as well as persons with no school at all.

Croatia:
Change in definition (2001 - 2013): "Education level-not stated" comprises persons with unknown education level as well as persons with no school at all.

Croatia:
Reference period (1980): Data refer to 1981

Croatia:
Reference period (1990): Data refer to 1991

Cyprus:
Change in definition (1990): Lower secondary level is included in upper secondary level

Cyprus:
Reference period (1990): Data refer to 1989

Cyprus:
Reference period (1995): Data refer to 1992

Cyprus:
Territorial change (1990 - 2013): Data cover only government controlled area

Estonia:
Change in definition (1980 - 2000): Data are from censuses and refer to population aged 25+
Data for primary level attainment include persons who have not completed the primary level education.

Estonia:
Change in definition (2001 - 2013): Age group 25+ refers to 25-74, age group 50+ refers to 50-74.
Data for primary level attainment include persons who have not completed the primary level education.

Estonia:
Change in definition (2012): Data is from census 2011. Data refer to 31.december 2011
Data for primary level attainment include persons who have not completed the primary level education.

Estonia:
Reference period (1980): Data refer to 1979

Estonia:
Reference period (1990): Data refer to 1989

Finland:
Change in definition (1980 - 2013): Data for lower secondary level include primary level.

Georgia:
Change in definition (1980 - 2013): Level of education ?not stated? includes population without education attainment

Georgia:
Reference period (1980): Data refer to 1979

Georgia:
Reference period (1990): Data refer to 1989

Greece:
Break in methodlogy (2000): From 2000, data refer to population residing in private households

Greece:
Change in definition (2001 - 2013): "Primary" includes also persons that did not completed ISCED 1 programs

Greece:
Reference period (2000 - 2013): Data refer to 2nd Quarter of the respective year.

Hungary:
Break in methodlogy (1995): Before 1995, data are from population censuses. From 2000, from

Hungary:
Change in definition (2000 - 2008): Data refer to population aged 25-74.

Iceland:
Break in methodlogy (2003): Change in data collection procedure.

Iceland:
Reference period (1990): 1990 refers to 1991

Ireland:
Change in definition (2000 - 2013): Data refer to age group 25-64

Ireland:
Reference period (1980): Data refer to1981

Ireland:
Reference period (1990): Data refer to 1991

Ireland:
Reference period (1995): Data refer to 1996

Israel:
Break in methodlogy (2001): Changes in the weighting method.

Israel:
Break in methodlogy (2009): Transition to the 2008 Population Census estimates.

Israel:
Break in methodlogy (2012): Transitiom from a quarterly to a monthly LFS.

Israel:
Change in definition (2009 - 2010): Data include only the population with known level of education.

Italy:
Break in methodlogy (2004): Change in data collection procedure.

Italy:
Change in definition (1980 - 1990): Data for primary level attainment include persons who have not completed the primary level education

Kyrgyzstan:
Break in methodlogy (2000): Data refer to 1999 Census

Kyrgyzstan:
Break in methodlogy (2009): Data refer to 2009 Census

Kyrgyzstan:
Reference period (1990): Data refer to 1989 Census

Latvia:
Change in definition (1995 - 2001): Population aged 15+.
Data for primary level refers to level 0 and 1 of ISCED 1997 classification.

Latvia:
Change in definition (2002 - 2013): Population 15-74 age group.
Data for primary level refers to level 0 and 1 of ISCED 1997 classification.

Latvia:
Reference period (1995): Data refer to 1996

Luxembourg:
Additional information (1990 - 2013): Data for age group 25+ refer to 25-74.

Luxembourg:
Break in methodlogy (2003): Switch from a face-to-face to a telephone survey

Luxembourg:
Break in methodlogy (2009): Random Digit Dialing has replaced the register-based sampling

Luxembourg:
Change in definition (1990 - 2013): The categroy "lower secodnary" also includes persons who have at most attained the primary level

Luxembourg:
Reference period (1990): Data refer to 1992

Moldova, Republic of:
Territorial change (2000 - 2012): Data exclude the territory of the Transnistria and municipality of Bender

Norway:
Break in methodlogy (2007): As of 2007, the results of a survey on education completed abroad before immigration to Norway is included. As a result , the proportion of &
39;educational level not stated&
39; was reduced.

Poland:
Change in definition (1990 - 2002): Upper secondary level includes lower secondary level.

Poland:
Reference period (1990): Data refer to 1988

Portugal:
Break in methodlogy (2011): Break in the Portuguese Labour Force Survey serie due to a new data collection mode.

Romania:
Break in methodlogy (2002): Data series of 2002-2012 are not perfectly comparable with data series of previous years.

Serbia:
Change in definition (2002 - 2013): Data for education level &
39;not stated&
39; include population without education attainment.

Slovakia:
Change in definition (1995): data for total of education levels include only secondary and tertiary levels.

Slovakia:
Change in definition (2001 - 2011): data on primary education according to ISCED 97, level 1 is not available

Spain:
Break in methodlogy (2002): From 2002, data are annual averages of the four quarters of the year.

Spain:
Change in definition (1980 - 2013): Data are annual averages of the four quarters of the year.

Sweden:
Break in methodlogy (2002): Quality improvement and change in classification from ISCED 1976 to ISCED 1997.

Sweden:
Change in definition (1990 - 2013): Data refer to population aged 25-74

Switzerland:
Break in methodlogy (2010): Major changes in data collection procedures (quaterly data instead of annual data).

Switzerland:
Change in definition (1990 - 2001): Lower sedondary education includes primary education

Switzerland:
Change in definition (2002): Change in definition of educational attainment levels

Switzerland:
Reference period (1990): Data refer to 1991

United Kingdom:
Change in definition (2002 - 2013): Data refer to educational attainment of pre-primary, primary and lower secondary, instead of lower secondary. Data refer to 25 to 74, instead of 25+; 25 to 54, instead of 25 to 54; 55 to 74, instead of 50+.

United States:
Change in definition (1980): Primary refers to grades 5-8, Lower Secondary refers to grade 9 in High School, no diploma, Upper Secondary refers to High School, college graduate, Tertiary refers to people who have completed Associate&
39;s degree through Doctorate degree, Not stated refers to people who didn&
39;t complete any schooling through 4th grade.
Data based on completed schooling years.

United States:
Change in definition (1990 - 2013): Primary refers to grades 5-8, Lower Secondary refers to grade 9 in High School, no diploma, Upper Secondary refers to High School, college graduate, Tertiary refers to people who have completed Associate&
39;s degree through Doctorate degree, Not stated refers to people who didn&
39;t complete any schooling through 4th grade.
Data based on degrees.