BELGIUM

Capital Brussels
Area (km2) 30 528
Total population (thousands, 2022) 11 680
Population density (per km2) 383
National currency Euro (EUR)
National statistical office www.statbel.fgov.be
Directorate General Statistics (Statistics Belgium)
Women in the labour force, 2023
   percentage of total for both sexes 47%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings, 2018 20%
   hourly wage, 2022 5%
Women in part-time employment, 2023
   percentage of employed women 38%
Female tertiary students, 2021
   percentage of total for both sexes 56%
Female victims of homicide
   percentage of total for both sexes ..
Women researchers, 2019
   percentage of total for both sexes 33%
Life expectancy at birth, 2023
   females, years 84.6
   males, years 80.3
Life expectancy at 65, 2023
   females, years 22.1
   males, years 19.1
Total fertility rate, 2022
   average number of children per woman 1.5
Adolescent fertility rate, 2022
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 4.3
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2022
   age in years 29.5
 
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
1.5
1.6
0.1
1.9
2.1
0.8
Unemployment rate
 (%)
6.0
5.5
5.8
6.3
5.6
5.5
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
15.8
14.2
15.3
18.2
16.4
16.1
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2022 765 404
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2022 65 531
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2023 86.7
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2023 87.6
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2022 48 865
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   EUR per USD, US=1, 2022 0.724
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
23
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
17

value: 100%

sector:

value: 100%

sector:

Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 2022 3 619
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres, 2021 1 763
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2021 3 629
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2021 45
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 2010 10 565
      million tonne-kilometres, 2010 5 729
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres, 2013 132 615
      million tonne-kilometres, 2021 36 199