BELGIUM

Capital Brussels
Area (km2) 30 528
Total population (thousands, 2018) 11 427
Population density (per km2) 374
National currency Euro (EUR)
National statistical office www.statbel.fgov.be
Directorate General Statistics (Statistics Belgium)
Women in the labour force, 2019
   percentage of total for both sexes 47%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings, 2016 20%
   hourly wage, 2018 6%
Women in part-time employment, 2019
   percentage of employed women 41%
Female tertiary students, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 56%
Female victims of homicide
   percentage of total for both sexes ..
Women researchers, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 35%
Life expectancy at birth, 2018
   females, years 83.9
   males, years 79.4
Life expectancy at 65, 2018
   females, years 21.9
   males, years 18.6
Total fertility rate, 2018
   average number of children per woman 1.6
Adolescent fertility rate, 2018
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 5.5
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2018
   age in years 29.0
 
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
0.4
0.9
1.3
1.6
1.4
1.6
Unemployment rate
 (%)
8.5
8.5
7.8
7.1
6.0
5.4
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
23.2
22.1
20.1
19.3
15.8
14.2
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2019 626 400
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2019 54 545
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2019 81.7
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2019 81.6
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2019 40 681
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   EUR per USD, US=1, 2019 0.755
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
23
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
17
Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 2009 3 578
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres, 2010 1 763
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2018 4 274
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2018 53
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 2010 10 565
      million tonne-kilometres, 2010 5 729
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres, 2013 132 615
      million tonne-kilometres, 2018 32 684