BELGIUM

Capital Brussels
Area (km2) 30 528
Total population (thousands, 2017) 11 375
Population density (per km2) 373
National currency Euro (EUR)
National statistical office www.statbel.fgov.be
Directorate General Statistics (Statistics Belgium)
Women in the labour force, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 46%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings, 2016 20%
   hourly wage, 2017 6%
Women in part-time employment, 2017
   percentage of employed women 41%
Female tertiary students, 2016
   percentage of total for both sexes 56%
Female victims of homicide
   percentage of total for both sexes ..
Women researchers, 2015
   percentage of total for both sexes 34%
Life expectancy at birth, 2017
   females, years 83.9
   males, years 79.2
Life expectancy at 65, 2017
   females, years 21.9
   males, years 18.5
Total fertility rate, 2017
   average number of children per woman 1.6
Adolescent fertility rate, 2017
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 5.8
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2017
   age in years 29.0
 
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
-0.3
0.4
0.9
1.3
1.4
1.3
Unemployment rate
 (%)
8.4
8.5
8.5
7.8
7.1
6.0
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
23.7
23.2
22.1
20.1
19.3
..
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2018 591 945
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2018 51 902
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2018 82.6
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2018 82.7
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2018 38 755
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   EUR per USD, US=1, 2018 0.777
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
23
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
17
Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 2009 3 578
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres, 2010 1 763
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2017 4 269
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2017 54
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 2010 10 565
      million tonne-kilometres, 2010 5 729
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres, 2013 132 615
      million tonne-kilometres, 2017 34 219