BULGARIA

Capital Sofia
Area (km2) 110 993
Total population (thousands, 2018) 7 025
Population density (per km2) 63
National currency Bulgarian lev (BGN)
National statistical office www.nsi.bg
National Statistical Institute (NSI)
Women in the labour force, 2019
   percentage of total for both sexes 46%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings, 2017 20%
   hourly wage, 2018 14%
Women in part-time employment, 2019
   percentage of employed women 2%
Female tertiary students, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 54%
Female victims of homicide, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 34%
Women researchers, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 47%
Life expectancy at birth, 2018
   females, years 78.6
   males, years 71.5
Life expectancy at 65, 2018
   females, years 18.0
   males, years 14.2
Total fertility rate, 2018
   average number of children per woman 1.6
Adolescent fertility rate, 2018
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 38.9
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2017
   age in years 27.1
 
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
0.4
0.4
0.5
1.8
-0.1
0.3
Unemployment rate
 (%)
11.4
9.2
7.6
6.2
5.2
4.1
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
23.8
21.6
17.2
12.9
12.7
8.9
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2019 171 333
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2019 24 506
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2019 63.6
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2019 60.1
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2019 18 890
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   BGN per USD, US=1, 2019 0.693
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
35
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
97
Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 2018 4 030
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres, 2018 757
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2018 1 200
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2018 87
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 2018 1 479
      million tonne-kilometres, 2018 3 824
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres, 2018 8 018
      million tonne-kilometres, 2018 27 002