BULGARIA

Capital Sofia
Area (km2) 110 993
Total population (thousands, 2022) 6 643
Population density (per km2) 60
National currency Bulgarian lev (BGN)
National statistical office www.nsi.bg
National Statistical Institute (NSI)
Women in the labour force, 2023
   percentage of total for both sexes 47%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings, 2019 20%
   hourly wage, 2022 13%
Women in part-time employment, 2023
   percentage of employed women 2%
Female tertiary students, 2021
   percentage of total for both sexes 55%
Female victims of homicide, 2021
   percentage of total for both sexes 32%
Women researchers, 2020
   percentage of total for both sexes 47%
Life expectancy at birth, 2023
   females, years 79.6
   males, years 72.0
Life expectancy at 65, 2023
   females, years 18.6
   males, years 14.4
Total fertility rate, 2022
   average number of children per woman 1.6
Adolescent fertility rate, 2022
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 36.8
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2022
   age in years 26.6
 
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
-0.1
0.3
-2.3
0.2
-0.3
1.0
Unemployment rate
 (%)
6.2
5.2
6.1
5.3
4.2
4.3
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
12.7
8.9
14.2
15.8
10.6
12.1
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2022 218 815
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2022 33 846
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2023 60.9
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2023 57.7
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2022 25 864
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   BGN per USD, US=1, 2022 0.767
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
35
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
97

value: 100%

sector:

value: 100%

sector:

Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 2022 4 029
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres, 2022 825
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2021 1 106
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2021 82
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 2022 1 603
      million tonne-kilometres, 2022 5 239
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres, 2022 1 276
      million tonne-kilometres, 2022 35 134