CANADA

Capital Ottawa
Area (km2) 9 970 610
Total population (thousands, 2017) 36 708
Population density (per km2) 4
National currency Canadian dollar (CAD)
National statistical office www.statcan.ca
Statistics Canada
Women in the labour force, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 47%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings, 2017 23%
   hourly wage, 2017 13%
Women in part-time employment, 2017
   percentage of employed women 26%
Female tertiary students, 2016
   percentage of total for both sexes 56%
Female victims of homicide, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 26%
Women researchers, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 65%
Life expectancy at birth, 2016
   females, years 84.0
   males, years 79.9
Life expectancy at 65, 2016
   females, years 22.1
   males, years 19.3
Total fertility rate, 2017
   average number of children per woman 1.5
Adolescent fertility rate, 2017
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 7.8
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2017
   age in years 29.0
 
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
1.5
0.6
0.8
0.7
1.9
1.3
Unemployment rate
 (%)
7.1
6.9
6.9
7.0
6.3
..
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
13.7
13.5
13.2
13.1
11.6
..
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2018 1 777 338
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2018 47 960
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2018 31.8
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2018 33.9
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2018 37 917
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   CAD per USD, US=1, 2018 1.249
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
38
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
1 320
Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 2017 61 768
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres, 1995 16 571
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2017 4 120
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2017 50
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 2016 1 409
      million tonne-kilometres, 2017 423 664
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres, 2009 494 700
      million tonne-kilometres, 2017 323 473