ESTONIA

Capital Tallinn
Area (km2) 45 228
Total population (thousands, 2020) 1 330
Population density (per km2) 29
National currency Euro (EUR)
National statistical office www.stat.ee
Statistics Estonia
Women in the labour force, 2021
   percentage of total for both sexes 49%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings, 2019 29%
   hourly wage, 2020 21%
Women in part-time employment, 2021
   percentage of employed women 19%
Female tertiary students, 2019
   percentage of total for both sexes 59%
Female victims of homicide, 2019
   percentage of total for both sexes 23%
Women researchers, 2019
   percentage of total for both sexes 42%
Life expectancy at birth, 2020
   females, years 83.0
   males, years 74.4
Life expectancy at 65, 2020
   females, years 21.1
   males, years 15.9
Total fertility rate, 2020
   average number of children per woman 1.6
Adolescent fertility rate, 2020
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 7.9
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2020
   age in years 28.2
 
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
0.3
2.7
0.9
1.3
-2.7
0.1
Unemployment rate
 (%)
6.8
5.8
5.4
4.5
6.9
6.2
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
14.1
12.2
12.1
11.7
18.5
16.7
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2020 50 480
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2020 37 984
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2021 80.5
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2021 80.3
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2020 26 987
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   EUR per USD, US=1, 2020 0.532
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
53
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
362

value: 100%

sector:

value: 100%

sector:

Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 2019 1 167
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres, 2019 161
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2019 1 294
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2019 39
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 2019 392
      million tonne-kilometres, 2019 2 155
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres, 2016 2 865
      million tonne-kilometres, 2019 4 794