ESTONIA

Capital Tallinn
Area (km2) 45 228
Total population (thousands, 2021) 1 331
Population density (per km2) 29
National currency Euro (EUR)
National statistical office www.stat.ee
Statistics Estonia
Women in the labour force, 2021
   percentage of total for both sexes 49%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings, 2019 29%
   hourly wage, 2021 21%
Women in part-time employment, 2021
   percentage of employed women 19%
Female tertiary students, 2020
   percentage of total for both sexes 59%
Female victims of homicide, 2021
   percentage of total for both sexes 15%
Women researchers, 2020
   percentage of total for both sexes 42%
Life expectancy at birth, 2021
   females, years 81.4
   males, years 72.7
Life expectancy at 65, 2021
   females, years 19.6
   males, years 14.5
Total fertility rate, 2021
   average number of children per woman 1.6
Adolescent fertility rate, 2021
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 5.7
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2021
   age in years 28.5
 
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
2.7
0.9
1.3
-2.7
0.1
4.6
Unemployment rate
 (%)
5.8
5.4
4.5
6.9
6.2
5.6
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
12.2
12.1
11.7
18.5
16.7
..
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2022 62 502
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2022 46 930
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2022 85.8
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2022 86.3
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2022 33 304
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   EUR per USD, US=1, 2022 0.576
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
53
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
362

value: 100%

sector:

value: 100%

sector:

Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 2022 1 175
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres, 2022 225
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2021 1 308
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2021 41
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 2022 382
      million tonne-kilometres, 2022 1 286
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres, 2016 2 865
      million tonne-kilometres, 2022 4 540