ESTONIA

Capital Tallinn
Area (km2) 45 228
Total population (thousands, 2017) 1 317
Population density (per km2) 29
National currency Euro (EUR)
National statistical office www.stat.ee
Statistics Estonia
Women in the labour force, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 48%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings, 2017 24%
   hourly wage, 2017 26%
Women in part-time employment, 2017
   percentage of employed women 15%
Female tertiary students, 2016
   percentage of total for both sexes 59%
Female victims of homicide, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 28%
Women researchers, 2016
   percentage of total for both sexes 44%
Life expectancy at birth, 2017
   females, years 82.6
   males, years 73.8
Life expectancy at 65, 2017
   females, years 20.8
   males, years 15.6
Total fertility rate, 2017
   average number of children per woman 1.6
Adolescent fertility rate, 2017
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 10.1
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2017
   age in years 27.4
 
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
1.2
0.8
2.9
0.3
2.7
1.2
Unemployment rate
 (%)
8.6
7.4
6.2
6.8
5.8
5.4
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
18.7
15.0
13.1
13.4
12.1
..
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2018 47 916
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2018 36 324
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2018 74.3
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2018 70.7
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2018 25 166
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   EUR per USD, US=1, 2018 0.543
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
53
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
362
Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 2017 1 161
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres, 2017 154
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2017 1 310
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2017 36
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 2018 417
      million tonne-kilometres, 2018 2 595
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres, 2016 2 865
      million tonne-kilometres, 2018 5 783