GERMANY

Capital Berlin
Area (km2) 357 030
Total population (thousands, 2017) 82 657
Population density (per km2) 232
National currency Euro (EUR)
National statistical office www.destatis.de
Federal Statistical Office (DESTATIS)
Women in the labour force, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 46%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings, 2014 18%
   hourly wage, 2017 21%
Women in part-time employment, 2017
   percentage of employed women 47%
Female tertiary students, 2016
   percentage of total for both sexes 49%
Female victims of homicide, 2015
   percentage of total for both sexes 45%
Women researchers, 2015
   percentage of total for both sexes 28%
Life expectancy at birth, 2017
   females, years 83.4
   males, years 78.7
Life expectancy at 65, 2017
   females, years 21.2
   males, years 18.1
Total fertility rate, 2017
   average number of children per woman 1.6
Adolescent fertility rate, 2017
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 8.0
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2017
   age in years 29.6
 
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
0.8
0.9
0.9
1.2
1.4
1.4
Unemployment rate
 (%)
5.2
5.0
4.6
4.1
3.8
3.4
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
7.8
7.7
7.2
7.1
6.8
..
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2018 4 449 845
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2018 53 676
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2018 47.4
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2018 41.3
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2018 38 668
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   EUR per USD, US=1, 2018 0.752
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
33
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
45
Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 2017 38 594
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres, 2017 13 009
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2017 4 722
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2017 38
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 2017 95 530
      million tonne-kilometres, 2017 120 700
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres, 2016 1 048 003
      million tonne-kilometres, 2017 313 143