GERMANY

Capital Berlin
Area (km2) 357 030
Total population (thousands, 2019) 83 093
Population density (per km2) 233
National currency Euro (EUR)
National statistical office www.destatis.de
Federal Statistical Office (DESTATIS)
Women in the labour force, 2019
   percentage of total for both sexes 46%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings, 2018 16%
   hourly wage, 2019 19%
Women in part-time employment, 2019
   percentage of employed women 48%
Female tertiary students, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 49%
Female victims of homicide, 2019
   percentage of total for both sexes 43%
Women researchers, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 28%
Life expectancy at birth, 2019
   females, years 83.7
   males, years 79.0
Life expectancy at 65, 2019
   females, years 21.4
   males, years 18.3
Total fertility rate, 2019
   average number of children per woman 1.5
Adolescent fertility rate, 2019
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 6.9
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2019
   age in years 29.8
 
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
0.9
1.2
1.4
1.4
0.9
-1.1
Unemployment rate
 (%)
4.6
4.1
3.8
3.4
3.2
..
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
7.2
7.1
6.8
6.2
5.8
..
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2019 4 678 568
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2019 56 305
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2019 46.9
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2019 41.1
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2019 40 998
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   EUR per USD, US=1, 2019 0.737
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
33
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
45

value: 100%

sector:

value: 100%

sector:

Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 2018 38 416
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres, 2018 13 141
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2018 4 777
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2018 40
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 2018 98 161
      million tonne-kilometres, 2018 128 816
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres, 2018 1 013 700
      million tonne-kilometres, 2018 316 766