GERMANY

Capital Berlin
Area (km2) 357 030
Total population (thousands, 2021) 83 196
Population density (per km2) 233
National currency Euro (EUR)
National statistical office www.destatis.de
Federal Statistical Office (DESTATIS)
Women in the labour force, 2021
   percentage of total for both sexes 47%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings, 2018 16%
   hourly wage, 2021 18%
Women in part-time employment, 2021
   percentage of employed women 48%
Female tertiary students, 2020
   percentage of total for both sexes 50%
Female victims of homicide, 2021
   percentage of total for both sexes 45%
Women researchers, 2019
   percentage of total for both sexes 28%
Life expectancy at birth, 2021
   females, years 83.3
   males, years 78.4
Life expectancy at 65, 2021
   females, years 21.1
   males, years 17.8
Total fertility rate, 2021
   average number of children per woman 1.6
Adolescent fertility rate, 2021
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 5.9
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2021
   age in years 30.1
 
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
1.4
1.4
0.9
-0.8
0.2
1.4
Unemployment rate
 (%)
..
..
..
..
..
..
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
6.8
6.2
5.8
7.1
6.9
..
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2022 5 323 022
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2022 63 522
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2022 50.9
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2022 49.0
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2022 46 374
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   EUR per USD, US=1, 2022 0.728
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
33
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
45

value: 100%

sector:

value: 100%

sector:

Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 2022 38 836
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres, 2022 13 172
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2021 3 884
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2021 31
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 2021 56 020
      million tonne-kilometres, 2021 123 067
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres, 2022 922 440
      million tonne-kilometres, 2022 303 943