ISRAEL

Capital Jerusalem *
Area (km2) 22 145
Total population (thousands, 2017) 8 713
Population density (per km2) 393
National currency Israeli new shekel (ILS)
National statistical office www.cbs.gov.il
Central Bureau of Statistics
Women in the labour force, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 47%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings, 2017 31%
   hourly wage, 2017 16%
Women in part-time employment, 2017
   percentage of employed women 32%
Female tertiary students, 2016
   percentage of total for both sexes 57%
Female victims of homicide, 2016
   percentage of total for both sexes 22%
Women researchers
   percentage of total for both sexes ..
Life expectancy at birth, 2017
   females, years 84.6
   males, years 80.7
Life expectancy at 65, 2017
   females, years 22.0
   males, years 19.4
Total fertility rate, 2015
   average number of children per woman 3.1
Adolescent fertility rate, 2015
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 9.7
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2017
   age in years 27.6
 
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
11.1
2.7
3.1
2.5
2.6
2.4
Unemployment rate
 (%)
6.9
6.3
5.9
5.2
4.8
4.2
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
12.1
10.5
10.6
9.3
8.6
7.3
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2017 336 117
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2017 38 575
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2017 29.1
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2017 27.5
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2017 29 973
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   ILS per USD, US=1, 2018 3.663
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
8
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
1
Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 2016 1 340
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres, 2017 605
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2018 2 556
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2018 36
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 2017 2 765
      million tonne-kilometres, 2017 1 381
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres ..
      million tonne-kilometres, 1990 4 370
* Designation and data provided by Israel. The data include East Jerusalem. The position of the United Nations is contained in General Assembly resolution 181 (II) and subsequent resolutions of the General Assembly and the Security Council.