ISRAEL

Capital Jerusalem *
Area (km2) 22 145
Total population (thousands, 2019) 9 054
Population density (per km2) 409
National currency Israeli new shekel (ILS)
National statistical office www.cbs.gov.il
Central Bureau of Statistics
Women in the labour force, 2019
   percentage of total for both sexes 48%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings, 2018 32%
   hourly wage, 2018 16%
Women in part-time employment, 2019
   percentage of employed women 31%
Female tertiary students, 2018
   percentage of total for both sexes 59%
Female victims of homicide, 2018
   percentage of total for both sexes 22%
Women researchers
   percentage of total for both sexes ..
Life expectancy at birth, 2019
   females, years 84.7
   males, years 81.0
Life expectancy at 65, 2019
   females, years 22.2
   males, years 19.9
Total fertility rate, 2018
   average number of children per woman 3.1
Adolescent fertility rate, 2018
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 8.2
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2019
   age in years 27.7
 
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
3.1
2.5
2.6
2.4
2.1
1.6
Unemployment rate
 (%)
5.9
5.2
4.8
4.2
4.0
..
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
10.6
9.3
8.6
7.3
..
..
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2019 379 793
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2019 41 948
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2019 29.3
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2019 27.4
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2019 32 204
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   ILS per USD, US=1, 2020 3.587
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
8
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
1

value: 100%

sector:

value: 100%

sector:

Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 2016 1 340
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres, 2019 637
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2020 1 945
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2020 33
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 2019 3 580
      million tonne-kilometres, 2019 1 241
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres ..
      million tonne-kilometres, 1990 4 370
* Designation and data provided by Israel. The data include East Jerusalem. The position of the United Nations is contained in General Assembly resolution 181 (II) and subsequent resolutions of the General Assembly and the Security Council.