ITALY

Capital Rome
Area (km2) 301 337
Total population (thousands, 2017) 60 537
Population density (per km2) 201
National currency Euro (EUR)
National statistical office www.istat.it
National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT)
Women in the labour force, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 43%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings, 2014 18%
   hourly wage, 2017 5%
Women in part-time employment, 2017
   percentage of employed women 33%
Female tertiary students, 2016
   percentage of total for both sexes 56%
Female victims of homicide, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 34%
Women researchers, 2016
   percentage of total for both sexes 35%
Life expectancy at birth, 2017
   females, years 85.2
   males, years 80.8
Life expectancy at 65, 2017
   females, years 22.4
   males, years 19.2
Total fertility rate, 2017
   average number of children per woman 1.3
Adolescent fertility rate, 2017
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 4.3
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2017
   age in years 31.1
 
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
-1.8
0.1
0.7
1.3
1.2
0.9
Unemployment rate
 (%)
12.1
12.7
11.9
11.7
11.2
10.6
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
40.0
42.7
40.3
37.8
34.7
..
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2018 2 555 190
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2018 42 278
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2018 31.5
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2018 29.0
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2018 33 543
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   EUR per USD, US=1, 2018 0.691
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
32
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
23
Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 2016 16 788
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres, 2016 6 943
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2017 4 076
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2017 56
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 2016 52 178
      million tonne-kilometres, 2016 22 394
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres, 2017 892 967
      million tonne-kilometres, 2016 112 639