ITALY

Capital Rome
Area (km2) 301 337
Total population (thousands, 2020) 59 439
Population density (per km2) 197
National currency Euro (EUR)
National statistical office www.istat.it
National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT)
Women in the labour force, 2021
   percentage of total for both sexes 43%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings, 2018 16%
   hourly wage, 2020 4%
Women in part-time employment, 2021
   percentage of employed women 32%
Female tertiary students, 2019
   percentage of total for both sexes 56%
Female victims of homicide, 2019
   percentage of total for both sexes 35%
Women researchers, 2019
   percentage of total for both sexes 34%
Life expectancy at birth, 2020
   females, years 84.5
   males, years 80.0
Life expectancy at 65, 2020
   females, years 21.7
   males, years 18.3
Total fertility rate, 2020
   average number of children per woman 1.2
Adolescent fertility rate, 2020
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 3.3
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2020
   age in years 31.4
 
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
1.4
1.2
0.9
0.5
-2.1
0.6
Unemployment rate
 (%)
11.7
11.3
10.6
9.9
9.3
9.5
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
37.8
34.7
32.2
29.2
29.4
29.7
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2020 2 499 835
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2020 42 057
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2021 32.7
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2021 30.3
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2020 33 071
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   EUR per USD, US=1, 2020 0.663
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
32
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
23

value: 100%

sector:

value: 100%

sector:

Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 2019 16 779
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres, 2018 6 966
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2019 4 041
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2019 53
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 2019 56 586
      million tonne-kilometres, 2019 21 309
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres, 2019 874 552
      million tonne-kilometres, 2019 137 986