ITALY

Capital Rome
Area (km2) 301 337
Total population (thousands, 2022) 59 014
Population density (per km2) 196
National currency Euro (EUR)
National statistical office www.istat.it
National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT)
Women in the labour force, 2023
   percentage of total for both sexes 43%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings, 2018 16%
   hourly wage, 2022 4%
Women in part-time employment, 2023
   percentage of employed women 31%
Female tertiary students, 2021
   percentage of total for both sexes 56%
Female victims of homicide, 2021
   percentage of total for both sexes 39%
Women researchers, 2020
   percentage of total for both sexes 35%
Life expectancy at birth, 2023
   females, years 85.8
   males, years 81.7
Life expectancy at 65, 2023
   females, years 22.9
   males, years 19.9
Total fertility rate, 2022
   average number of children per woman 1.2
Adolescent fertility rate, 2022
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 2.8
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2022
   age in years 31.7
 
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
0.9
0.5
-2.1
0.9
1.8
1.8
Unemployment rate
 (%)
10.6
9.9
9.3
9.5
8.1
7.7
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
32.2
29.1
29.7
29.7
23.7
22.7
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2022 3 138 444
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2022 53 182
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2023 35.1
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2023 33.7
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2022 41 769
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   EUR per USD, US=1, 2022 0.625
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
32
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
23

value: 100%

sector:

value: 100%

sector:

Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 2022 16 829
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres, 2021 7 556
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2021 3 462
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2021 49
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 2022 46 498
      million tonne-kilometres, 2022 24 330
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres, 2021 633 684
      million tonne-kilometres, 2022 151 100