KAZAKHSTAN

Capital Nur-Sultan
Area (km2) 2 724 900
Total population (thousands, 2017) 18 038
Population density (per km2) 7
National currency Kazakh tenge (KZT)
National statistical office www.stat.gov.kz
Agency of Statistics of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Women in the labour force, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 48%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings, 2017 32%
   hourly wage ..
Women in part-time employment, 2017
   percentage of employed women 10%
Female tertiary students, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 54%
Female victims of homicide, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 23%
Women researchers, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 52%
Life expectancy at birth, 2017
   females, years 76.9
   males, years 68.7
Life expectancy at 65, 2017
   females, years 17.0
   males, years 13.2
Total fertility rate, 2017
   average number of children per woman 2.7
Adolescent fertility rate, 2017
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 24.9
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2017
   age in years 28.5
 
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
0.7
-0.7
1.3
-0.8
0.4
1.3
Unemployment rate
 (%)
..
..
..
..
..
..
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
3.9
3.8
4.2
3.8
3.8
..
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2018 460 825
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2018 25 040
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2018 38.9
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2018 26.2
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2018 15 053
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   KZT per USD, US=1, 2019 135.717
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
1
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
21
Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 2018 16 061
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres, 2016 96 353
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2018 1 111
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2018 114
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 2018 18 562
      million tonne-kilometres, 2018 283 345
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres, 2018 247 931
      million tonne-kilometres, 2018 185 197