LATVIA

Capital Riga
Area (km2) 64 589
Total population (thousands, 2020) 1 900
Population density (per km2) 29
National currency Euro (EUR)
National statistical office www.csb.lv
Central Statistical Burea of Latvia
Women in the labour force, 2021
   percentage of total for both sexes 50%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings, 2019 21%
   hourly wage, 2020 22%
Women in part-time employment, 2021
   percentage of employed women 12%
Female tertiary students, 2019
   percentage of total for both sexes 56%
Female victims of homicide, 2019
   percentage of total for both sexes 63%
Women researchers, 2019
   percentage of total for both sexes 51%
Life expectancy at birth, 2021
   females, years 78.2
   males, years 68.6
Life expectancy at 65, 2021
   females, years 17.7
   males, years 12.8
Total fertility rate, 2020
   average number of children per woman 1.6
Adolescent fertility rate, 2020
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 10.5
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2020
   age in years 27.3
 
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
-0.3
0.0
1.5
-0.1
-2.3
-2.6
Unemployment rate
 (%)
9.7
8.7
7.4
6.3
8.1
7.6
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
17.3
17.0
12.2
12.4
14.9
14.8
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2020 61 141
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2020 32 165
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2021 64.1
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2021 66.1
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2020 24 809
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   EUR per USD, US=1, 2020 0.482
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
54
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
336

value: 100%

sector:

value: 100%

sector:

Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 2020 1 859
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres ..
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2019 2 383
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2019 69
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 2020 413
      million tonne-kilometres, 2020 7 979
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres, 2019 18 070
      million tonne-kilometres, 2020 13 705