LATVIA

Capital Riga
Area (km2) 64 589
Total population (thousands, 2022) 1 879
Population density (per km2) 29
National currency Euro (EUR)
National statistical office www.csb.lv
Central Statistical Burea of Latvia
Women in the labour force, 2023
   percentage of total for both sexes 50%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings, 2019 21%
   hourly wage, 2022 17%
Women in part-time employment, 2023
   percentage of employed women 10%
Female tertiary students, 2021
   percentage of total for both sexes 58%
Female victims of homicide, 2021
   percentage of total for both sexes 49%
Women researchers, 2020
   percentage of total for both sexes 50%
Life expectancy at birth, 2023
   females, years 80.8
   males, years 70.8
Life expectancy at 65, 2023
   females, years 19.6
   males, years 14.5
Total fertility rate, 2022
   average number of children per woman 1.5
Adolescent fertility rate, 2022
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 8.7
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2022
   age in years 27.6
 
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
1.5
-0.1
-2.3
-2.6
2.7
0.1
Unemployment rate
 (%)
7.4
6.3
8.1
7.6
6.9
6.5
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
12.2
12.4
14.9
14.8
15.3
12.3
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2022 73 915
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2022 39 187
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2023 64.1
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2023 67.9
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2022 31 173
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   EUR per USD, US=1, 2022 0.519
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
54
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
336

value: 100%

sector:

value: 100%

sector:

Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 2022 1 865
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres ..
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2021 0
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2021 78
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 2022 541
      million tonne-kilometres, 2022 7 410
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres, 2019 18 070
      million tonne-kilometres, 2022 14 581