LATVIA

Capital Riga
Area (km2) 64 589
Total population (thousands, 2017) 1 942
Population density (per km2) 30
National currency Euro (EUR)
National statistical office www.csb.lv
Central Statistical Burea of Latvia
Women in the labour force, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 50%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings, 2017 15%
   hourly wage, 2017 16%
Women in part-time employment, 2017
   percentage of employed women 12%
Female tertiary students, 2016
   percentage of total for both sexes 58%
Female victims of homicide, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 49%
Women researchers, 2016
   percentage of total for both sexes 52%
Life expectancy at birth, 2017
   females, years 79.7
   males, years 69.8
Life expectancy at 65, 2017
   females, years 19.0
   males, years 14.1
Total fertility rate, 2017
   average number of children per woman 1.7
Adolescent fertility rate, 2017
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 14.7
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2017
   age in years 27.6
 
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
2.3
-1.4
1.4
-0.3
0.0
1.6
Unemployment rate
 (%)
11.9
10.8
9.9
9.6
8.7
7.4
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
23.2
19.6
16.3
17.3
17.0
..
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2017 54 607
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2017 28 131
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2018 61.3
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2018 61.5
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2017 21 922
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   EUR per USD, US=1, 2017 0.491
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
54
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
336
Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 2018 1 860
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres ..
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2017 2 485
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2017 70
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 2018 624
      million tonne-kilometres, 2018 17 859
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres, 2018 17 813
      million tonne-kilometres, 2018 14 997