ROMANIA

Capital Bucharest
Area (km2) 238 391
Total population (thousands, 2020) 19 265
Population density (per km2) 81
National currency Romanian new leu (RON)
National statistical office www.insse.ro
National Institute of Statistics
Women in the labour force, 2021
   percentage of total for both sexes 41%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings, 2019 2%
   hourly wage, 2020 2%
Women in part-time employment, 2021
   percentage of employed women 3%
Female tertiary students, 2019
   percentage of total for both sexes 55%
Female victims of homicide, 2010
   percentage of total for both sexes 38%
Women researchers, 2019
   percentage of total for both sexes 47%
Life expectancy at birth, 2020
   females, years 78.3
   males, years 70.4
Life expectancy at 65, 2020
   females, years 17.7
   males, years 13.4
Total fertility rate, 2020
   average number of children per woman 1.8
Adolescent fertility rate, 2020
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 35.0
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2020
   age in years 27.1
 
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
-1.1
2.4
0.1
0.1
-1.8
-8.9
Unemployment rate
 (%)
7.2
6.1
5.3
4.9
6.1
5.6
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
20.6
18.3
16.2
16.8
17.3
21.0
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2020 618 081
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2020 32 076
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2021 40.8
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2021 46.5
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2020 25 627
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   RON per USD, US=1, 2020 1.713
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
30
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
97

value: 100%

sector:

value: 100%

sector:

Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 2019 10 759
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres, 2019 866
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2019 2 047
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2019 96
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 2019 5 906
      million tonne-kilometres, 2019 13 312
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres, 2019 23 624
      million tonne-kilometres, 2019 61 041