ROMANIA

Capital Bucharest
Area (km2) 238 391
Total population (thousands, 2018) 19 473
Population density (per km2) 82
National currency Romanian new leu (RON)
National statistical office www.insse.ro
National Institute of Statistics
Women in the labour force, 2019
   percentage of total for both sexes 43%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings, 2017 4%
   hourly wage, 2018 3%
Women in part-time employment, 2019
   percentage of employed women 8%
Female tertiary students, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 54%
Female victims of homicide, 2010
   percentage of total for both sexes 38%
Women researchers, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 47%
Life expectancy at birth, 2018
   females, years 79.2
   males, years 71.7
Life expectancy at 65, 2018
   females, years 18.4
   males, years 14.7
Total fertility rate, 2018
   average number of children per woman 1.8
Adolescent fertility rate, 2018
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 36.4
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2017
   age in years 27.1
 
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
0.8
-1.3
-1.1
2.4
0.2
-0.1
Unemployment rate
 (%)
6.8
6.8
5.9
4.9
4.2
3.9
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
24.0
21.7
20.6
18.3
16.2
16.8
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2019 625 164
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2019 32 201
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2019 40.4
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2019 44.2
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2019 26 059
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   RON per USD, US=1, 2019 1.695
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
30
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
97
Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 2018 10 765
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres, 2018 823
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2018 1 977
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2018 95
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 2018 5 577
      million tonne-kilometres, 2018 13 076
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres, 2015 17 471
      million tonne-kilometres, 2018 58 761