ROMANIA

Capital Bucharest
Area (km2) 238 391
Total population (thousands, 2021) 19 122
Population density (per km2) 80
National currency Romanian new leu (RON)
National statistical office www.insse.ro
National Institute of Statistics
Women in the labour force, 2021
   percentage of total for both sexes 41%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings, 2019 2%
   hourly wage, 2021 4%
Women in part-time employment, 2021
   percentage of employed women 3%
Female tertiary students, 2020
   percentage of total for both sexes 55%
Female victims of homicide, 2021
   percentage of total for both sexes 28%
Women researchers, 2020
   percentage of total for both sexes 47%
Life expectancy at birth, 2021
   females, years 76.6
   males, years 69.2
Life expectancy at 65, 2021
   females, years 16.4
   males, years 12.5
Total fertility rate, 2021
   average number of children per woman 1.8
Adolescent fertility rate, 2021
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 33.9
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2021
   age in years 27.1
 
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
2.4
0.1
0.1
-2.1
0.8
1.2
Unemployment rate
 (%)
6.1
5.3
4.9
6.1
5.6
5.6
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
18.3
16.2
16.8
17.3
21.0
..
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2022 785 872
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2022 41 255
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2022 43.0
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2022 49.8
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2022 33 052
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   RON per USD, US=1, 2022 1.794
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
30
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
97

value: 100%

sector:

value: 100%

sector:

Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 2022 10 615
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres, 2022 949
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2021 1 747
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2021 93
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 2022 5 795
      million tonne-kilometres, 2022 13 324
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres, 2021 18 024
      million tonne-kilometres, 2022 64 352