SPAIN

Capital Madrid
Area (km2) 505 992
Total population (thousands, 2018) 46 798
Population density (per km2) 92
National currency Euro (EUR)
National statistical office www.ine.es
National Institute of Statistics
Women in the labour force, 2019
   percentage of total for both sexes 47%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings, 2016 22%
   hourly wage, 2018 14%
Women in part-time employment, 2019
   percentage of employed women 24%
Female tertiary students, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 54%
Female victims of homicide, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 35%
Women researchers, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 40%
Life expectancy at birth, 2018
   females, years 86.3
   males, years 80.7
Life expectancy at 65, 2018
   females, years 23.5
   males, years 19.5
Total fertility rate, 2018
   average number of children per woman 1.3
Adolescent fertility rate, 2018
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 6.2
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2017
   age in years 30.9
 
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
1.0
2.8
2.1
2.7
2.2
2.1
Unemployment rate
 (%)
24.5
22.1
19.6
17.2
15.3
14.1
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
53.2
48.3
44.4
38.6
34.3
32.5
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2018 1 899 313
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2018 40 645
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2019 34.9
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2019 32.0
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2018 31 261
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   EUR per USD, US=1, 2018 0.633
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
37
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
26
Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 2018 15 449
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres, 2018 15 585
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2018 2 966
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2018 39
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 2012 21 144
      million tonne-kilometres, 2015 11 130
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres, 2015 366 092
      million tonne-kilometres, 2018 238 991