SPAIN

Capital Madrid
Area (km2) 505 992
Total population (thousands, 2019) 47 135
Population density (per km2) 93
National currency Euro (EUR)
National statistical office www.ine.es
National Institute of Statistics
Women in the labour force, 2019
   percentage of total for both sexes 0%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings, 2018 21%
   hourly wage, 2019 12%
Women in part-time employment, 2019
   percentage of employed women 24%
Female tertiary students, 2018
   percentage of total for both sexes 54%
Female victims of homicide, 2019
   percentage of total for both sexes 38%
Women researchers, 2018
   percentage of total for both sexes 41%
Life expectancy at birth, 2020
   females, years 85.1
   males, years 79.7
Life expectancy at 65, 2020
   females, years 22.4
   males, years 18.4
Total fertility rate, 2019
   average number of children per woman 1.2
Adolescent fertility rate, 2019
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 6.0
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2019
   age in years 31.1
 
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
2.8
2.1
2.6
2.3
2.2
-4.2
Unemployment rate
 (%)
22.1
19.6
17.2
15.3
14.1
15.5
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
48.3
44.4
38.6
34.3
32.5
..
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2019 1 986 413
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2019 42 171
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2020 30.6
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2020 29.1
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2019 32 142
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   EUR per USD, US=1, 2019 0.627
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
37
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
26

value: 100%

sector:

value: 100%

sector:

Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 2019 15 526
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres, 2018 15 585
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2019 2 957
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2019 37
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 2019 28 847
      million tonne-kilometres, 2019 10 710
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres, 2015 366 092
      million tonne-kilometres, 2019 249 555