TURKEY

Capital Ankara
Area (km2) 774 815
Total population (thousands, 2018) 81 407
Population density (per km2) 105
National currency New Turkish Lira (TRY)
National statistical office www.turkstat.gov.tr
Turkish Statistical Institute (TURKSTAT)
Women in the labour force, 2019
   percentage of total for both sexes 33%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings ..
   hourly wage ..
Women in part-time employment, 2019
   percentage of employed women 17%
Female tertiary students, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 46%
Female victims of homicide, 2015
   percentage of total for both sexes 21%
Women researchers, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 37%
Life expectancy at birth, 2016
   females, years 80.8
   males, years 75.3
Life expectancy at 65, 2016
   females, years 19.2
   males, years 16.0
Total fertility rate, 2018
   average number of children per woman 2.0
Adolescent fertility rate, 2018
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 19.0
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2010
   age in years 22.3
 
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
6.0
6.4
2.9
2.8
5.4
2.7
Unemployment rate
 (%)
11.1
9.1
8.4
9.0
9.9
10.3
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
19.7
16.7
15.7
16.9
17.8
18.5
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2018 2 316 407
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2018 28 455
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2016 22.0
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2016 24.9
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2016 19 792
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   TRY per USD, US=1, 2019 1.841
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
15
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
19
Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 2018 10 315
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres, 2018 2 842
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2018 3 772
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2018 82
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 2018 5 560
      million tonne-kilometres, 2018 13 734
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres, 2018 329 363
      million tonne-kilometres, 2017 262 739