TURKEY

Capital Ankara
Area (km2) 774 815
Total population (thousands, 2019) 82 579
Population density (per km2) 107
National currency New Turkish Lira (TRY)
National statistical office www.turkstat.gov.tr
Turkish Statistical Institute (TURKSTAT)
Women in the labour force, 2020
   percentage of total for both sexes 32%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings, 2018 8%
   hourly wage, 2018 3%
Women in part-time employment, 2020
   percentage of employed women 19%
Female tertiary students, 2019
   percentage of total for both sexes 48%
Female victims of homicide, 2019
   percentage of total for both sexes 23%
Women researchers, 2019
   percentage of total for both sexes 37%
Life expectancy at birth, 2019
   females, years 81.8
   males, years 76.4
Life expectancy at 65, 2019
   females, years 20.0
   males, years 16.6
Total fertility rate, 2019
   average number of children per woman 1.9
Adolescent fertility rate, 2019
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 17.2
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2019
   age in years 26.4
 
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
6.0
6.4
2.9
2.8
5.4
2.7
Unemployment rate
 (%)
10.7
8.8
8.2
8.8
9.9
10.3
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
19.7
16.7
15.7
16.9
17.8
18.5
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2020 2 371 086
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2020 28 435
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2016 21.8
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2016 24.7
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2016 19 794
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   TRY per USD, US=1, 2020 2.129
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
15
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
19

value: 100%

sector:

value: 100%

sector:

Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 2019 10 378
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres, 2019 3 060
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2020 2 714
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2020 58
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 2019 14 259
      million tonne-kilometres, 2018 13 734
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres, 2019 339 601
      million tonne-kilometres, 2017 262 739