UNITED KINGDOM

Capital London
Area (km2) 242 910
Total population (thousands, 2017) 66 059
Population density (per km2) 272
National currency Pound sterling (GBP)
National statistical office www.ons.gov.uk
Office for National Statistics
Women in the labour force, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 47%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings, 2017 17%
   hourly wage, 2017 21%
Women in part-time employment, 2017
   percentage of employed women 41%
Female tertiary students, 2016
   percentage of total for both sexes 57%
Female victims of homicide, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 31%
Women researchers, 2016
   percentage of total for both sexes 39%
Life expectancy at birth, 2017
   females, years 83.1
   males, years 79.5
Life expectancy at 65, 2017
   females, years 21.1
   males, years 18.8
Total fertility rate, 2017
   average number of children per woman 1.7
Adolescent fertility rate, 2017
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 12.6
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2017
   age in years 28.8
 
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
1.2
2.4
1.7
1.5
1.0
1.2
Unemployment rate
 (%)
7.5
6.1
5.3
4.8
4.3
4.0
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
20.7
17.0
14.6
13.0
12.1
..
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2018 3 107 175
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2018 46 748
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2018 30.0
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2018 31.8
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2018 39 274
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   GBP per USD, US=1, 2018 0.689
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
13
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
10
Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 2017 16 320
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres, 2017 3 803
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2017 2 700
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2018 28
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 2017 68 912
      million tonne-kilometres, 2017 17 167
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres, 2016 706 769
      million tonne-kilometres, 2017 158 410