Death rate by causes of death and sex
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Deaths per 100 000 population
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UNECE Statistical Division Database


Source: UNECE Statistical Division Database, compiled from national and international (WHO European health for all database) official sources.

The (age-) standardized death rate (SDR) is a weighted average of age-specific mortality rates per 100 000 population. The weighting factor is the age distribution of a standard reference population. The standard reference population used is the European standard population as defined by the World Health Organisation (WHO). As method for standardisation, the direct method is applied. As most causes of death vary significantly with age and sex, the use of standardised death rates improves comparability over time and between countries.

Death refers to the permanent disappearance of all evidence of life at any time after a live birth has taken place (post-natal cessation of vital functions without capability of resuscitation). This definition therefore excludes foetal deaths.

Causes of death (CoD) are all diseases, morbid conditions or injuries that either resulted in or contributed to death, and the circumstances of the accident or violence that produced any such injuries. Symptoms or modes of dying, such as heart failure or asthenia, are not considered to be causes of death for vital statistics purposes.

General note:: Diseases and external causes of death are coded differently in different versions of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD). For many diseases it is not possible to identify codes in different classification systems that would correspond precisely to the same disease or groups of diseases. Often the change in the trend of a certain cause-specific mortality rate may be the result of a changing ICD version or national death certification and coding practices, rather than an actual change in the mortality.
It should be noted that mortality rates for some countries may be biased due to the under-registration of death cases.
The basic principle of selection of the 17 CoD for presentation in the UNECE Gender Database is to include one main SDR for each of the ICD chapters and also to focus on some of the leading CoD across the European Region and some specific causes with high gender differences.

ICD version Countries
9.3 - ICD-9 3-digit codes Albania, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
9.4 - ICD-9 4-digit or mixture of 3- and 4-digit codes Greece
9.5 - ICD-9 BTL codes (in most countries actually original ICD-9 codes were used but the data later were converted by WHO into BTL codes) Bosnia and Herzegovina
10.1 - ICD-10 mortality tabulation condensed list No1 (103 causes) Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Russian Federation, Ukraine
10.3 - ICD-10 3-digit codes Belgium, Bulgaria, Estonia, Georgia, Latvia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Uzbekistan
10.4 - ICD-10 4-digit or mixture of 3- and 4-digit codes Austria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Kyrgyzstan, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States
1.75 - Special tabulation list of 175 causes used in some ex-USSR countries Tajikistan, Turkmenistan

Link to International Classification of Diseases 10th Revision

.. - data not available

Country: Canada
Data on accidents include sequelae of transport and other accidents.
Data on transport accidents include sequelae of transport accidents.
Data on suicide and intentional self-harm include sequelae of intentional self-harm.
Country: United States
Data on accidents include sequelae of transport and other accidents.
Data on transport accidents include sequelae of transport accidents.