Convictions by type of offence and sex of offender
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Gender Statistics, UNECE/STAT
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Percent of corresponding total for both sexes:
Percent of corresponding total for all convictions:
Data type
Percent of corresponding total for both sexes:
Percent of corresponding total for all convictions:
Creation date
UNECE Statistical Division Database


Source: UNECE Statistical Database, compiled from national official sources.

Conviction is the verdict that results when a court of law finds a defendant guilty of a crime.
A serious assault is an injury whereby life could be endangered, including cases of injury involving the use of dangerous instrument. Cases where instruments are used only to threaten are excluded.
An assault refers to physical attack against the body of another person, including battery but excluding indecent assault.
A homicide is intentional or unintentional killing. Intentional homicide is a death deliberately inflicted on a person by another person, including infanticide.Non-intentional homicide is a death not deliberately inflicted on a person by another person. That includes crime of manslaughter but excludes traffic accidents that result in a death of persons. The distinction between intentional and unintentional homicide differs from country to country, as does the definition of attempted murder.
Rape is a sexual intercourse without valid consent.
Robbery is a theft of property from a person, overcoming resistance by force or threat of force.
Theft is any act of intentionally and unlawfully removing property belonging to another person (or organisation), excluding burglary.
Drug crimes are any violation involving the illicit brokerage, cultivation, delivery (on any terms whatsoever), dispatch, dispatch in transit, distribution, extraction, exportation or importation, offering for sale, preparation, production, purchase, manufacture, sale, traffic, transportation, or use of narcotic drugs.

General note: Data come from administrative data sources unless otherwise specified.

.. - data not available

Country: Albania
Assault includes article 89, this change includes years 2013-2015. Theft includes all crimes against property and economic sphere, but excludes robbery.
Country: Austria
Break in methodlogy (2000): Significantly reduced number of convictions between 1999 and 2000: the decline is due to diversion which is now applicable to adults in criminal law.
Country: Bulgaria
Break in methodlogy (2000): Until 1997 data are based on the activity of the regional and district courts on penal trials of general, private and administrative character. Since 1998 the information for the activity of military courts is also included.
Country: Bulgaria
Break in methodlogy (2012): Since 2012 data include activities of the Special Criminal Court.
Country: Canada
Assault includes Level 1 Assault, Criminal Code of Canada, section 266. A common assault has been committed when an individual intentionally applies force or threatens to apply force to another person, without that person's consent. The seriousness of physical injury is what distinguishes this type of assault from other, more serious assaults. Serious assault includes assault with a weapon (Level 2, Criminal Code of Canada, section 267), aggravated assault (Level 3, Criminal Code of Canada, section 268) and other assaults (assaults against police officers, and unlawfully causing bodily harm). Homicide includes first-degree murder, second-degree murder, manslaughter and infanticide. Rape is not a recognized offence in the Criminal Code of Canada. Data reported are sexual assault (level 1), sexual assault with a weapon or bodily harm (level 2) and sexual assault aggravated (level 3). Theft includes theft over and under $5,000 as well as motor vehicle theft. Drug crime includes drug possession, trafficking, production, importing and exporting.
Data refer to a fiscal year (April 1 through March 31).
Data do not cover all provinces and territories.
Data includes persons aged 12 y.o. or older at the time of the offence.
Country: Croatia
Data refer to adults serving imprisonment sentences.
Country: Cyprus
Data refer to the Government controlled area only.
Country: Cyprus
Includes convictions of both serious crimes (in violation of the Penal Code) and minor offences, as well as traffic violations.
Country: Denmark
Change in definition (1980 - 2012): All persons with a decision, incl. acquitted and prosecutor dropped
Assault: Include serious assault and homicide
Country: Denmark
Only guilty decisions included.
Country: Estonia
Break in methodlogy (1990 - 1995): Change in laws and methodology.
Country: Estonia
Change in definition (1990 - 2013): Theft includes burglary.
Country: Finland
Break in methodology (2000): The Penal Code includes the offences against the Road Traffic Act carrying imprisonment as penalty.
Country: Finland
Data refer to offences against the Penal Code only.
Country: France
- Reference period (2018): Provisional figures.
- Reference periods (1995-2018): Ultraperipheric departments (New Caledonia, French Polynesia, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Wallis and Futuna) have been excluded (the new geographical area is the French economic territory, including Corsica and overseas departments). Minor offences (contraventions) are excluded.
Country: Georgia
Territorial change (2000 onward): Data do not cover Abkhazia AR and Tskhinvali Region.
Country: Germany
- Source: Federal Statistical Office of Germany: Criminal Court Prosecution Statistics on persons convicted.
- Data are not completely consistent to UN-CTS as the subdivion of convictions into certain offences follows national legal codes instead of ICCS codes.
- Figures on homicide include data on acts of murder (sect. 211 Penal Code (PC)), murder (sect. 212 PC), less serious case of murder (sect. 213 PC), killing a person at their own request (sect. 216 PC). Figures on rape refer to sect.77 Absatz 2 PC.
- Coverage change (1980 - 2006): Data refer to former territory of Germany. Data since 2007 refer to the current territory of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Country: Greece
Change in definition (1980 - 2010): Number of convictions equals to number of convicted persons (persons found definitively guilty from penal courts). Serious assault excludes fatal body injuries.
Country: Iceland
Data refer to convictions from the district courts.
Country: Ireland
2009: break in series, change in methodology.
Country: Israel
Reference period (1980): Data refer to 1981
Country: Israel
Reference period (1990): Data refer to 1989
Country: Italy
Break in methodlogy (2000): Until 2000 data referred to the most serious crime. Series from 2000 to 2011 have been updated according to the new systems and calculating the convinctions instead of the persons convicted.
Country: Italy
Change in definition (1980 - 2011): Rape: convicted for misdemeanours are not included.
Country: Kazakhstan
Break in methodlogy (2000): Change of source as of 2000
Country: Kyrgyzstan
Change in definition (2000 - onwards): Data are changed concidering the definition of the robbery.
Country: Latvia
Break in methodlogy (2011): Data include fraud and misappropriation on small scale
Country: Latvia
Change in definition (2000 - 2012): Data for theft include burglary.
Country: Montenegro
2001-2006: data refer to convicted adults. From 2007: data refer to convicted adults and juveniles. Assaults include serious assaults.
Country: Netherlands
Assaults include serious assaults. Data exclude persons with unknown sex.
Country: Norway
Until 2000: the total does not include convictions for misdemeanours, i.e. ticket fines and prosecutions conditionally dropped are not included.
Country: Poland
Data refer to adults only.
Country: Republic of Moldova
Territorial change (2004 onward): Data exclude the territory of the Transnistria and municipality of Bender
Country: Romania
Convictions is equivalent to Persons convicted because there are no data regarding final convictions.
Country: Serbia
Territorial change (2000 onward): Data exclude territory of Kosovo and Metohija.
Country: Slovakia
Break in methodlogy (2006): Change in criminal code.
Country: Slovenia
Break in methodology (1995): Change in law. Break in methodology (2013): New amendment to the Criminal Procedure Act enabled the implementation of criminal proceedings and economized trials. This is reflected in the large increase of the number of convicted persons over the previous year. The number of convicted juveniles did not significantly increase during the same period – around 10%.
Country: Spain
Break in methodology (2007): change in source, data include only firm convictions.
Country: Spain
Total could be less than sum of convictions by type as each conviction can include different crimes.
Country: Sweden
Break in methodlogy (2005): Break in series for convictions of Rape due to changes in legislation for sexual offenses.
Country: Sweden
Statistics presented refers to conviction decisions laid down by courts (first instance county court convictions) or prosecutors (prosecutor fines or waiver of prosecution).
Sub groups for some years do not add up to the main level, due to missing data on gender.
Attempt, preparation, being an accomplice, incitement, failure to disclose and failure to prevent offences are included in respective offence category.
Drug crime does not include drug trafficking for the years 1995 and 2000. Drug trafficking is included from 2001 onwards.
Country: Switzerland
Change in definition (1990 - onwards): Only convicted persons for felonies and misdemeanours.
Country: Turkey
Break in methodlogy (2009): Change in data compilation method.
Country: Turkey
Change in definition (1990 - 2010): Data includes intentional and non-intentional homicide. Theft includes burglary.
Country: Turkey
Data refer to the number of sentence decisions rendered for accused persons at criminal courts in accordance with Turkish Criminal Law and special laws for 2009 and later. Total excludes judicial person, foreign national and unknown sex for 2009 and later.
Country: Ukraine
From 2014 data cover the territories under the government control.
Country: United Kingdom
Change in definition (2000 - onwards): Serious assault includes attempted murder. Rape includes attempted rape.
Country: United Kingdom
Change in definition (2008 - onwards): Male and female may not add up to total because sex is not always recorded.
Country: United Kingdom
Territorial change (2000 - onwards): Data refer to England and Wales.
Country: United States
Data represent felony convictions in State and Federal Courts. Convictions in juvenile courts are not included. Data do not distinguish between assault and serious assault.
1995: data refers to 1994.