Table 5.1: Long-term immigration by citizenship status (flows)
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UNECE Statistical Division Database


Definition: Unless noted otherwise, an international migrant is defined as any person who changes his or her country of usual residence. A long-term migrant is a person who moves to a country other than that of his or her usual residence for a period of at least a year. A short-term migrant is a person who moves to a country other than that of his or her usual residence for a period of at least 3 months but less than a year.

The UNECE Clearing House on Migration Statistics is a platform for data exchange on migration statistics for countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA), established with the purpose of improving the understanding of migration processes and the systems of measuring migration in the region. The data are presented as submitted by national statistical offices.

For more information about the methodology of producing statistics on international migration in EECCA region, please refer to the UNECE Handbook on the Use of Administrative Sources and Sample Surveys to Measure International Migration in CIS Countries and the documentation of UNECE Workshops on Migration Statistics.
Country: Armenia
Data source: population register.
Country: Azerbaijan
Data indicate the number of persons who obtained a permanent residence permit in Azerbaijan. Azer citizens returning from abroad are not included in the total number.
Data source: residence permits.
Country: Belarus
Data source: residence permits.
Country: Georgia
Data from 2009 to 2013 have been retro-projected based on the 2014 Census. More information is available on the GEOSTAT website.
From 2013, long-term migration refers to those who have left or moved to Georgia for at least 6 months.
Data source: 2009-2011 - retro-projected data; 2012 and onwards - border crossing data.
Country: Kazakhstan
Data source: residence permits.
Country: Kyrgyzstan
Data source: administrative data from the State Registration Service.
Country: Russian Federation
2011 break in series: the Russian Federation introduced a new methodology for estimating immigration. From 2011 onwards, the source of data on international migration (long-term immigration) is registration at the place of residence and at the place of stay for a period of 9 months or more in the bodies of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia.
Data source: administrative source.
Country: Ukraine
From 2014, data cover the territories under government control.
2001 data include all those who have ever moved.
Data source: 2001 - population and housing census; 2011, 2012 - residence permits; 2017 and onwards - administrative data of the State Migration Service.
Country: Uzbekistan
Data source: administrative source.