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Education (Target 2A): net enrolment in education, pupils starting grade 1 who reach the last grade, primary completion rates, literacy rates 15-24 years old

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General note on the UNECE MDG Database:

The database aims to show the official national estimates of MDG-indicators used for monitoring progress towards the Millennium Development Goals. Data is shown alongside official international estimates of MDG-indicators (as published on the official United Nations site for the MDG Indicators: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/mdg). Besides the international MDG-indicators, other indicators and disaggregates that are relevant for the UNECE-region are included.

At present, the tables include data from the latest official MDG-report of each country. Currently, data from official dedicated MDG-websites and previous official national MDG-reports are being added. Additionally, more detailed metadata is being added to the footnotes. Additional indicators might be added if they are used generally across the region.
Please note that some indicators are also available in the Gender Statistics Database of UNECE. Figures might differ due to the use of different sources.


Definition of the indicators: Explanations on the indicators are listed below. Deviations from the standard definitions provided here are specified in the country-specific footnotes.

Indicator

Net enrolment ratio in primary education, both sexes

Definition: The net enrolment ratio (NER) in primary education is the number of children of official primary school age who are enrolled in primary education expressed as a percentage of the total population of children of official primary school age.

Net enrolment ratio in secondary education, both sexes

Definition: The net enrolment ratio in secondary education is the number of children of official secondary school age who are enrolled in secondary education (ISCED97 level 2 and 3) expressed as a percentage of the total population of children of official secondary school age. This indicator is not monitored in The official United Nations site for the MDG Indicators.

Net enrolment ratio in tertiary education, both sexes

Definition: The net enrolment ratio in secondary education is the number of children of official secondary school age who are enrolled in tertiary education expressed as a percentage of the total population of children of official secondary school age. This indicator is not monitored in The official United Nations site for the MDG Indicators.

Net enrolment in pre-school education

Definition: The net enrolment ratio (NER) in pre-school education is the number of children of pre-primary school age who are enrolled in pre-primary or primary education expressed as a percentage of the total population of children below the of official primary school age.

Pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary, total (%)

Definition: This indicator measures the percentage of a cohort of pupils enrolled in grade 1 of the primary level of education in a given school year who are expected to reach the last grade of primary school, regardless of repetition.

Primary completion rate, both sexes

Definition: Primary Completion measured by the Gross Intake Ratio to Last Grade of primary education is the total number of new entrants in the last grade of primary education (according to the International Standard Classification of Education or ISCED97), regardless of age, expressed as percentage of the total population of the theoretical entrance age to the last grade of primary.

Literacy rates of 15-24 years old, both sexes (%)

Definition: Literacy rate of 15–24 year-olds, or the youth literacy rate, is the percentage of the population aged 15–24 years who can both read and write with understanding a short simple statement on everyday life.

Women to men parity index, as ratio of literacy rates, 15-24 years old

Definition: The ratio of literate women to men aged 15–24 years (Literacy Gender Parity Index) is the ratio of the female literacy rate to the male literacy rate for the age group 15–24.

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in primary education, both sexes , Country: Albania

National Series Reference: 1990 to 2000: MDG Report 2002; 2003: MDG Report 2007; 2004 to 2009: MDG Progress Report 2010; Definition: 1990 to 1994: Gross enrolment ratio; 2003 to 2009: Primary and lower secondary education (ISCED97 level 1 & 2); Note: 1995: Gross enrolment 1995: 96%; Source in Reference: 1990 to 2009: Min. of Education and Science; Primary Source in Reference: 2004 to 2009: Administrative data;

Indicator: Male net enrolment ratio in primary education , Country: Albania

National Series Reference: 1995 to 2000: MDG Report 2002; 2005 to 2009: MDG Progress Report 2010; Definition: 2005 to 2009: Primary and lower secondary education (ISCED97 level 1 & 2); Source in Reference: 1995 to 2009: Min. of Education and Science; Primary Source in Reference: 2005 to 2009: Administrative data;

Indicator: Female net enrolment ratio in primary education , Country: Albania

National Series Reference: 1995 to 2000: MDG Report 2002; 2005 to 2009: MDG Progress Report 2010; Definition: 2005 to 2009: Primary and lower secondary education (ISCED97 level 1 & 2); Source in Reference: 1995 to 2009: Min. of Education and Science; Primary Source in Reference: 2005 to 2009: Administrative data;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in secondary education, both sexes , Country: Albania

National Series Reference: 1995 to 2000: MDG Report 2002; Source in Reference: 1995 to 2000: Min. of Education and Science;

Indicator: Male net enrolment ratio in secondary education , Country: Albania

National Series Reference: 1995 to 2000: MDG Report 2002; Source in Reference: 1995 to 2000: Min. of Education and Science;

Indicator: Female net enrolment ratio in secondary education , Country: Albania

National Series Reference: 1995 to 2000: MDG Report 2002; Source in Reference: 1995 to 2000: Min. of Education and Science;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in tertiary education, both sexes , Country: Albania

National Series Reference: 1995 to 2000: MDG Report 2002; Source in Reference: 1995 to 2000: Min. of Education and Science;

Indicator: Pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary, total (%) , Country: Albania

National Series Reference: 2000: MDG Report 2002; 2001 to 2002: MDG Report 2004; 2007 to 2009: MDG Progress Report 2010; Definition: 2000 to 2009: who reach grade 5; Source in Reference: 2000: UNICEF, MICS Report, 2000, Tirana; 2001 to 2002: Min. Education and Science; 2007 to 2009: Min. of Education and Science; Primary Source in Reference: 2000: MICS 2000; 2007 to 2009: Administrative data;

Indicator: Male pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary (%) , Country: Albania

National Series Reference: 2000: MDG Report 2002; 2007 to 2009: MDG Progress Report 2010; Definition: 2000: who reach grade 5; Source in Reference: 2000: UNICEF, MICS Report, 2000, Tirana; 2007 to 2009: Min. of Education and Science; Primary Source in Reference: 2000: MICS 2000; 2007 to 2009: Administrative data;

Indicator: Female pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary (%) , Country: Albania

National Series Reference: 2000: MDG Report 2002; 2007 to 2009: MDG Progress Report 2010; Definition: 2000: who reach grade 5; Source in Reference: 2000: UNICEF, MICS Report, 2000, Tirana; 2007 to 2009: Min. of Education and Science; Primary Source in Reference: 2000: MICS 2000; 2007 to 2009: Administrative data;

Indicator: Primary completion rate, both sexes , Country: Albania

National Series Reference: 2002 to 2007: MDG Report 2007; Definition: 2002 to 2007: Grade 9; Source in Reference: 2002 to 2007: Min. of Education and Science;

Indicator: Literacy rates of 15-24 years old, both sexes (%) , Country: Albania

National Series Reference: 2000: MDG Report 2002; 2001 to 2002: MDG Report 2004; 2008 to 2009: MDG Progress Report 2010; Source in Reference: 2000: UNICEF, MICS Report, 2000, Tirana; 2001 to 2002: Min. Education and Science; 2008 to 2009: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2000: MICS 2000; 2008: LSMS 2008; 2009: DHS 2008-2009;

Indicator: Male literacy rates of 15-24 years old (%) , Country: Albania

National Series Reference: 2000: MDG Report 2002; 2008 to 2009: MDG Progress Report 2010; Source in Reference: 2000: UNICEF, MICS Report, 2000, Tirana; 2008 to 2009: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2000: MICS 2000; 2008: LSMS 2008; 2009: DHS 2008-2009;

Indicator: Female literacy rates of 15-24 years old (%) , Country: Albania

National Series Reference: 2000: MDG Report 2002; 2008 to 2009: MDG Progress Report 2010; Source in Reference: 2000: UNICEF, MICS Report, 2000, Tirana; 2008 to 2009: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2000: MICS 2000; 2008: LSMS 2008; 2009: DHS 2008-2009;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in primary education, both sexes , Country: Armenia

National Series Reference: 1994 to 1995: UNECE Questionnaire Nov 2011; 1996: Armenia MDGs Indicators (http://www.armstat.am/) 06/02/2014; 1997 to 1999: UNECE Questionnaire Nov 2011; 2000 to 2012: Armenia MDGs Indicators (http://www.armstat.am/) 06/02/2014; Definition: 1994 to 1995: Gross enrolment ratio; 1996: Gross enrolment grade 1 through 4; 1997 to 1999: Gross enrolment ratio; 2000 to 2012: Gross enrolment grade 1 through 4; Source in Reference: 1994 to 2012: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 1996: Administrative data; 2000 to 2012: Administrative data;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in secondary education, both sexes , Country: Armenia

National Series Reference: 2007 to 2012: Armenia MDGs Indicators (http://www.armstat.am/) 06/02/2014; Definition: 2007 to 2012: ISCED97 level 3; Source in Reference: 2007 to 2012: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2007 to 2012: Administrative data;

Indicator: Pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary, total (%) , Country: Armenia

National Series Reference: 1990: MDG Report 2005; 1996: ArmeniaInfo at: http://www.armdevinfo.am/ (accessed: 15 June 2011); 1997 to 1999: UNECE Questionnaire Nov 2011; 2000 to 2007: ArmeniaInfo at: http://www.armdevinfo.am/ (accessed: 15 June 2011); 2008 to 2011: UNECE Questionnaire Nov 2011; 2012: Armenia MDGs Indicators (http://www.armstat.am/) 06/02/2014; Definition: 1990 to 2012: who reach grade 5; Source in Reference: 1996: Min. Education and Science; 1997 to 1999: NSO; 2000 to 2007: Min. Education and Science; 2008 to 2012: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 1990: Administrative data; 2012: Administrative data;

Indicator: Primary completion rate, both sexes , Country: Armenia

National Series Reference: 1990 to 2011: UNECE Questionnaire Nov 2011; Source in Reference: 1990 to 2011: Min. Education and Science;

Indicator: Literacy rates of 15-24 years old, both sexes (%) , Country: Armenia

National Series Reference: 1990: MDG Report 2005; 2001: ArmeniaInfo at: http://www.armdevinfo.am/ (accessed: 15 June 2011); Source in Reference: 2001: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 1990 to 2001: Census 2001;

Indicator: Women to men parity index, as ratio of literacy rates, 15-24 years old , Country: Armenia

National Series Reference: 1990 to 2001: MDG Report 2005; Source in Reference: 1990 to 2001: NSO;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in primary education, both sexes , Country: Azerbaijan

National Series Reference: 1990 to 2012: NSO MDG data; Source in Reference: 1990 to 2012: NSO;

Indicator: Male net enrolment ratio in primary education , Country: Azerbaijan

National Series Reference: 1990 to 2012: NSO MDG data; Source in Reference: 1990 to 2012: NSO;

Indicator: Female net enrolment ratio in primary education , Country: Azerbaijan

National Series Reference: 1990 to 2012: NSO MDG data; Source in Reference: 1990 to 2012: NSO;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in secondary education, both sexes , Country: Azerbaijan

National Series Reference: 2002 to 2003: MDG Progress Report 2003/2004; Definition: 2002 to 2003: Gross enrolment ratio basic education (ISCED97 level 2); Source in Reference: 2002 to 2003: NSO;

Indicator: Female net enrolment ratio in secondary education , Country: Azerbaijan

National Series Reference: 2003: MDG Progress Report 2003/2004; Definition: 2003: Gross enrolment ratio basic education (ISCED97 level 2); Source in Reference: 2003: NSO;

Indicator: Male net enrolment ratio in secondary education , Country: Azerbaijan

National Series Reference: 2003: MDG Progress Report 2003/2004; Definition: 2003: Gross enrolment ratio basic education (ISCED97 level 2); Source in Reference: 2003: NSO;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in tertiary education, both sexes , Country: Azerbaijan

National Series Reference: 2003: MDG Progress Report 2003/2004; Note: 2003: 17-22 years; Source in Reference: 2003: NSO;

Indicator: Pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary, total (%) , Country: Azerbaijan

National Series Reference: 1990 to 2000: NSO MDG data; 2001 to 2002: MDG Progress Report 2003/2004; 2003 to 2012: NSO MDG data; Definition: 1990 to 2000: who reach grade 5; 2003 to 2012: who reach grade 5; Source in Reference: 1990 to 2012: NSO;

Indicator: Male pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary (%) , Country: Azerbaijan

National Series Reference: 1990 to 2012: NSO MDG data; Definition: 1990 to 2012: who reach grade 5; Source in Reference: 1990 to 2012: NSO;

Indicator: Female pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary (%) , Country: Azerbaijan

National Series Reference: 1990 to 2012: NSO MDG data; Definition: 1990 to 2012: who reach grade 5; Source in Reference: 1990 to 2012: NSO;

Indicator: Primary completion rate, both sexes , Country: Azerbaijan

National Series Reference: 1990 to 2012: NSO MDG data; Source in Reference: 1990 to 2012: NSO;

Indicator: Primary completion rate, males , Country: Azerbaijan

National Series Reference: 1990 to 2012: NSO MDG data; Source in Reference: 1990 to 2012: NSO;

Indicator: Primary completion rate, females , Country: Azerbaijan

National Series Reference: 1990 to 2012: NSO MDG data; Source in Reference: 1990 to 2012: NSO;

Indicator: Literacy rates of 15-24 years old, both sexes (%) , Country: Azerbaijan

National Series Reference: 1999 to 2012: NSO MDG data; Source in Reference: 1999 to 2012: NSO;

Indicator: Male literacy rates of 15-24 years old (%) , Country: Azerbaijan

National Series Reference: 1999 to 2012: NSO MDG data; Source in Reference: 1999 to 2012: NSO;

Indicator: Female literacy rates of 15-24 years old (%) , Country: Azerbaijan

National Series Reference: 1999 to 2012: NSO MDG data; Source in Reference: 1999 to 2012: NSO;

Indicator: Women to men parity index, as ratio of literacy rates, 15-24 years old , Country: Azerbaijan

National Series Reference: 1999 to 2012: NSO MDG data; Source in Reference: 1999 to 2012: NSO;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in primary education, both sexes , Country: Belarus

National Series Reference: 1990 to 1999: MDG Progress 2005; 2000 to 2011: MDG Report 2012; Definition: 1990 to 1999: Grade 1 through 4; 2000 to 2011: Gross enrolment ratio; Note: 1990 to 1999: Age 6-9;

Indicator: Male net enrolment ratio in primary education , Country: Belarus

National Series Reference: 1990 to 2000: MDG Progress 2005; Definition: 1990 to 2000: Grade 1 through 4; Note: 1990 to 2000: Age 6-9;

Indicator: Female net enrolment ratio in primary education , Country: Belarus

National Series Reference: 1990 to 2000: MDG Progress 2005; Definition: 1990 to 2000: Grade 1 through 4; Note: 1990 to 2000: Age 6-9;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in secondary education, both sexes , Country: Belarus

National Series Reference: 1990 to 1999: MDG Progress 2005; 2000 to 2011: MDG Report 2012; Definition: 2000 to 2011: Gross enrolment ratio; Note: 2000 to 2008: 10 to 17 years of age; 2009 to 2011: 10 to 16 years of age;

Indicator: Pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary, total (%) , Country: Belarus

National Series Reference: 1991 to 2000: MDG Progress 2005; Definition: 1991 to 2000: who reach grade 5;

Indicator: Male pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary (%) , Country: Belarus

National Series Reference: 1994 to 2000: MDG Progress 2005; Definition: 1994 to 2000: who reach grade 5;

Indicator: Female pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary (%) , Country: Belarus

National Series Reference: 1994 to 2000: MDG Progress 2005; Definition: 1994 to 2000: who reach grade 5;

Indicator: Literacy rates of 15-24 years old, both sexes (%) , Country: Belarus

National Series Reference: 1990 to 1999: MDG Progress 2005; 2001 to 2009: MDG progress 2010; Note: 1990 to 1999: According to the population census 1989; Primary Source in Reference: 1990 to 1999: Census 1989;

Indicator: Male literacy rates of 15-24 years old (%) , Country: Belarus

National Series Reference: 1990 to 1999: MDG Progress 2005; Note: 1990 to 1999: According to the population census 1989; Primary Source in Reference: 1990 to 1999: Census 1989;

Indicator: Female literacy rates of 15-24 years old (%) , Country: Belarus

National Series Reference: 1990 to 1999: MDG Progress 2005; Note: 1990 to 1999: According to the population census 1989; Primary Source in Reference: 1990 to 1999: Census 1989;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in primary education, both sexes , Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina

National Series Reference: 2001 to 2009: MDG progress report 2010; 2011: MDG Report 2013; Reference period: 2006: 2005-2006; 2011: 2011-2012; Source in Reference: 2001: National Human Development Report 2002; 2009: NSO (FBiH, RS, BD); Primary Source in Reference: 2011: MICS 2011-12;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in secondary education, both sexes , Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina

National Series Reference: 2001 to 2009: MDG progress report 2010; 2011: MDG Report 2013; Note: 2001: LSMS: 68.3; Reference period: 2005: 2005-2006; 2011: 2011-2012; Source in Reference: 2001: Human Development Report 2002; 2005: UNICEF; 2009: NSO (FBiH, RS, BD); Primary Source in Reference: 2005: MICS 2006; 2011: MICS 2011-12;

Indicator: Male net enrolment ratio in secondary education , Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina

National Series Reference: 2011: MDG Report 2013; Reference period: 2011: 2011-2012; Primary Source in Reference: 2011: MICS 2011-12;

Indicator: Female net enrolment ratio in secondary education , Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina

National Series Reference: 2011: MDG Report 2013; Reference period: 2011: 2011-2012; Primary Source in Reference: 2011: MICS 2011-12;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in tertiary education, both sexes , Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina

National Series Reference: 2001 to 2008: MDG progress report 2010; 2011: MDG Report 2013; Definition: 2007 to 2008: Gross enrolment ratio; Source in Reference: 2001: Human Development Report 2002; 2004: Education and Development in BiH, national report 2004; 2007 to 2008: World Bank Database; 2011: World Bank;

Indicator: Net enrolment in pre-school education , Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina

National Series Reference: 2000 to 2011: MDG Report 2013; Note: 2009: Calculation based on education statistics from FBiHSI, RSSI and BD; Reference period: 2011: 2011-2012; Source in Reference: 2000: World Bank 2003; 2009: NSO (FBiH, RS, BD); Primary Source in Reference: 2000: LSMS 2000-2001; 2007: MICS 2006; 2011: MICS 2011-12;

Indicator: Pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary, total (%) , Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina

National Series Reference: 2000 to 2006: MDG progress report 2010; 2012: MDG Report 2013; Reference period: 2006: 2005-2006; 2012: 2011-2012; Source in Reference: 2000 to 2006: UNICEF; Primary Source in Reference: 2000: MICS 2000; 2006: MICS 2006; 2012: MICS 2011-12;

Indicator: Male pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary (%) , Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina

National Series Reference: 2000 to 2006: MDG progress report 2010; 2012: MDG Report 2013; Reference period: 2006: 2005-2006; 2012: 2011-2012; Source in Reference: 2000 to 2006: UNICEF; Primary Source in Reference: 2000: MICS 2000; 2006: MICS 2006; 2012: MICS 2011-12;

Indicator: Female pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary (%) , Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina

National Series Reference: 2000 to 2006: MDG progress report 2010; 2012: MDG Report 2013; Reference period: 2006: 2005-2006; 2012: 2011-2012; Source in Reference: 2000 to 2006: UNICEF; Primary Source in Reference: 2000: MICS 2000; 2006: MICS 2006; 2012: MICS 2011-12;

Indicator: Literacy rates of 15-24 years old, both sexes (%) , Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina

National Series Reference: 2000 to 2008: MDG progress report 2010; 2009 to 2012: MDG Report 2013; Source in Reference: 2000: BiH Common Country Assessment 2002; 2008 to 2009: UN Official MDG Indicator Database; Primary Source in Reference: 2000: MICS 2000; 2012: MICS 2011-12;

Indicator: Male literacy rates of 15-24 years old (%) , Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina

National Series Reference: 2000 to 2008: MDG progress report 2010; 2009 to 2012: MDG Report 2013; Source in Reference: 2000: BiH Common Country Assessment 2002; 2008 to 2009: UN Official MDG Indicator Database; Primary Source in Reference: 2000: MICS 2000; 2012: MICS 2011-12;

Indicator: Female literacy rates of 15-24 years old (%) , Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina

National Series Reference: 2000: MDG progress report 2010; 2007: MDG Report 2013; 2008: MDG progress report 2010; 2009 to 2012: MDG Report 2013; Source in Reference: 2000: BiH Common Country Assessment 2002; 2008 to 2009: UN Official MDG Indicator Database; Primary Source in Reference: 2000: MICS 2000; 2007: MICS 2006; 2012: MICS 2011-12;

Indicator: Women to men parity index, as ratio of literacy rates, 15-24 years old , Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina

National Series Reference: 2000 to 2011: MDG Report 2013; Reference period: 2011: 2011/12; Source in Reference: 2000: BH Common Country Study Development Indicators, Final Draft 2002; 2008: World Bank; Primary Source in Reference: 2011: MICS 2011-12;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in primary education, both sexes , Country: Bulgaria

National Series Reference: 2002 to 2007: MDG report 2010; Definition: 2002 to 2007: Grade 1 through 4; Source in Reference: 2002 to 2007: NSO;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in secondary education, both sexes , Country: Bulgaria

National Series Reference: 2002 to 2007: MDG report 2010; Source in Reference: 2002 to 2007: NSO;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in primary education, both sexes , Country: Croatia

National Series Reference: 2001 to 2005: MDG Progress Report 2005; Definition: 2001: Elementary education; 2003 to 2005: Gross enrolement in Primary and lower secondary education (ISCED97 level 1 & 2); Reference period: 2001: 2000/01; 2003: 2002/03; 2004: 2003/04; 2005: 2004/05;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in secondary education, both sexes , Country: Croatia

National Series Reference: 2003 to 2005: MDG Progress Report 2005; Definition: 2003 to 2005: Gross enrolment ratio at ISCED97 level 3; Reference period: 2003: 2002/03; 2004: 2003/04; 2005: 2004/05;

Indicator: Net enrolment in pre-school education , Country: Croatia

National Series Reference: 2003 to 2005: MDG Progress Report 2005; Definition: 2003 to 2005: 3-6 years olds; Reference period: 2003: 2002/03; 2004: 2003/04; 2005: 2004/05;

Indicator: Pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary, total (%) , Country: Croatia

National Series Reference: 2004: MDG Progress Report 2005; Definition: 2004: who reach grade 5; Reference period: 2004: 2003/04;

Indicator: Literacy rates of 15-24 years old, both sexes (%) , Country: Croatia

National Series Reference: 2001: MDG Progress Report 2005; Primary Source in Reference: 2001: Census 2001;

Indicator: Pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary, total (%) , Country: Czechia

National Series Reference: 2003: MDG report 2004; Note: 2003: More than;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in primary education, both sexes , Country: Georgia

National Series Reference: 2000 to 2004: MDG Progress Report 2004-2005;

Indicator: Pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary, total (%) , Country: Georgia

National Series Reference: 1999 to 2010: UNECE Questionnaire Nov 2011; Note: 2010: Estimate; Source in Reference: 1999 to 2010: NSO;

Indicator: Male pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary (%) , Country: Georgia

National Series Reference: 2010: UNECE Questionnaire Nov 2011; Note: 2010: Estimate; Source in Reference: 2010: NSO;

Indicator: Female pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary (%) , Country: Georgia

National Series Reference: 2010: UNECE Questionnaire Nov 2011; Note: 2010: Estimate; Source in Reference: 2010: NSO;

Indicator: Primary completion rate, both sexes , Country: Georgia

National Series Reference: 2011: UNECE Questionnaire Nov 2011; Note: 2011: Estimate; Source in Reference: 2011: NSO;

Indicator: Primary completion rate, males , Country: Georgia

National Series Reference: 2011: UNECE Questionnaire Nov 2011; Note: 2011: Estimate; Source in Reference: 2011: NSO;

Indicator: Primary completion rate, females , Country: Georgia

National Series Reference: 2011: UNECE Questionnaire Nov 2011; Note: 2011: Estimate; Source in Reference: 2011: NSO;

Indicator: Literacy rates of 15-24 years old, both sexes (%) , Country: Georgia

National Series Reference: 2002: MDG in Georgia 2004; Source in Reference: 2002: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2002: DHS 2000;

Indicator: Women to men parity index, as ratio of literacy rates, 15-24 years old , Country: Georgia

National Series Reference: 2002: MDG Progress Report 2004-2005;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in primary education, both sexes , Country: Kazakhstan

National Series Reference: 1990 to 1998: MDG in Kazakhstan 2002; 2000 to 2012: Poverty assessment in Kazakhstan: current status and prospects for development; Source in Reference: 1990 to 1998: Education for All 2000 , Kazakhstan Country Report; 2000 to 2012: NSO;

Indicator: Male net enrolment ratio in primary education , Country: Kazakhstan

National Series Reference: 1990 to 1998: MDG in Kazakhstan 2002; Source in Reference: 1990 to 1998: Education for All 2000 , Kazakhstan Country Report;

Indicator: Female net enrolment ratio in primary education , Country: Kazakhstan

National Series Reference: 1990 to 1998: MDG in Kazakhstan 2002; Source in Reference: 1990 to 1998: Education for All 2000 , Kazakhstan Country Report;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in secondary education, both sexes , Country: Kazakhstan

National Series Reference: 2000 to 2012: Poverty assessment in Kazakhstan: current status and prospects for development; Definition: 2000 to 2012: Aged 7-17; Source in Reference: 2000 to 2012: NSO;

Indicator: Pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary, total (%) , Country: Kazakhstan

National Series Reference: 2000 to 2011: Poverty assessment in Kazakhstan: current status and prospects for development; Source in Reference: 2000 to 2011: NSO;

Indicator: Male literacy rates of 15-24 years old (%) , Country: Kazakhstan

National Series Reference: 1990 to 1998: MDG in Kazakhstan 2002; Source in Reference: 1990 to 1998: Education for All 2000 , Kazakhstan Country Report;

Indicator: Female literacy rates of 15-24 years old (%) , Country: Kazakhstan

National Series Reference: 1990 to 1998: MDG in Kazakhstan 2002; Source in Reference: 1990 to 1998: Education for All 2000 , Kazakhstan Country Report;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in primary education, both sexes , Country: Kyrgyzstan

National Series Reference: 1990 to 2012: NSO MDG database as on 2014-07-08; Definition: 1990 to 2012: Gross enrolment ratio; Source in Reference: 1990 to 2010: NSO;

Indicator: Male net enrolment ratio in primary education , Country: Kyrgyzstan

National Series Reference: 1990 to 1999: NSO MDG database as on 2014-07-08; 2000 to 2009: MDG Progress Report 2010; 2010 to 2012: NSO MDG database as on 2014-07-08; Definition: 1990 to 2012: Gross enrolment ratio; Source in Reference: 1990 to 2010: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2008: Census 2009;

Indicator: Female net enrolment ratio in primary education , Country: Kyrgyzstan

National Series Reference: 1990 to 1999: NSO MDG database as on 2014-07-08; 2000 to 2009: MDG Progress Report 2010; 2010 to 2012: NSO MDG database as on 2014-07-08; Definition: 1990 to 2012: Gross enrolment ratio; Source in Reference: 1990 to 2010: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2008: Census 2009;

Indicator: Pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary, total (%) , Country: Kyrgyzstan

National Series Reference: 2000 to 2012: NSO MDG database as on 2014-07-08; Definition: 2000 to 2012: who reach grade 5; Source in Reference: 2000 to 2010: NSO;

Indicator: Literacy rates of 15-24 years old, both sexes (%) , Country: Kyrgyzstan

National Series Reference: 1990 to 2012: NSO MDG database as on 2014-07-08; Source in Reference: 1990 to 2010: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 1990 to 1998: Census 1989; 1999 to 2008: Census 1999; 2009 to 2012: Census 2009;

Indicator: Male literacy rates of 15-24 years old (%) , Country: Kyrgyzstan

National Series Reference: 1990 to 2006: NSO MDG database as on 2014-07-08; 2007 to 2008: MDG Progress Report 2010; 2009 to 2012: NSO MDG database as on 2014-07-08; Source in Reference: 1990 to 2010: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 1990 to 1998: Census 1989; 1999 to 2008: Census 1999; 2009 to 2012: Census 2009;

Indicator: Female literacy rates of 15-24 years old (%) , Country: Kyrgyzstan

National Series Reference: 1990 to 2012: NSO MDG database as on 2014-07-08; Source in Reference: 1990 to 2010: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 1990 to 1998: Census 1989; 1999 to 2008: Census 1999; 2009 to 2012: Census 2009;

Indicator: Women to men parity index, as ratio of literacy rates, 15-24 years old , Country: Kyrgyzstan

National Series Reference: 1997 to 2012: NSO MDG database as on 2014-07-08; Source in Reference: 1997 to 2010: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 1997 to 1999: Census 1989; 2000 to 2008: Census 1999; 2009 to 2012: Census 2009;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in primary education, both sexes , Country: Latvia

National Series Reference: 1996 to 2003: MDG Report 2005; Definition: 1996 to 2003: Primary and lower secondary education (ISCED97 level 1 & 2); Note: 1996 to 2000: 5 and 6-year olds not included; 2002 to 2003: 5 and 6-year olds included; Source in Reference: 1996 to 2003: NSO Poverty Monitoring;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in secondary education, both sexes , Country: Latvia

National Series Reference: 1996 to 2003: MDG Report 2005; Definition: 1996 to 2003: ISCED97 level 3; Source in Reference: 1996 to 2003: NSO Poverty Monitoring;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in primary education, both sexes , Country: Lithuania

National Series Reference: 1996 to 2001: MDG Assessment 2002; Note: 2000 to 2001: Indicator was recalculated basing on new population numbers after 2001 census;

Indicator: Male net enrolment ratio in primary education , Country: Lithuania

National Series Reference: 1996 to 2001: MDG Assessment 2002; Note: 2000 to 2001: Indicator was recalculated basing on new population numbers after 2001 census;

Indicator: Female net enrolment ratio in primary education , Country: Lithuania

National Series Reference: 1996 to 2001: MDG Assessment 2002; Note: 2000 to 2001: Indicator was recalculated basing on new population numbers after 2001 census;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in secondary education, both sexes , Country: Lithuania

National Series Reference: 1996 to 2001: MDG Assessment 2002; Definition: 1996 to 2001: Attendance ratio; Note: 2000 to 2001: Indicator was recalculated basing on new population numbers after 2001 census;

Indicator: Female net enrolment ratio in secondary education , Country: Lithuania

National Series Reference: 1996 to 2001: MDG Assessment 2002; Definition: 1996 to 2001: Attendance ratio; Note: 2000 to 2001: Indicator was recalculated basing on new population numbers after 2001 census;

Indicator: Male net enrolment ratio in secondary education , Country: Lithuania

National Series Reference: 1996 to 2001: MDG Assessment 2002; Definition: 1996 to 2001: Attendance ratio; Note: 2000 to 2001: Indicator was recalculated basing on new population numbers after 2001 census;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in tertiary education, both sexes , Country: Lithuania

National Series Reference: 1992 to 2001: MDG Assessment 2002; Definition: 1992 to 2001: Gross enrolment ratio;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in primary education, both sexes , Country: Montenegro

National Series Reference: 1990 to 2002: MDG Report 2004; 2004 to 2009: MDG Report 2010; 2010 to 2012: MDG Report 2013; Definition: 2002: Gross enrolment ratio; 2004 to 2009: Primary and lower secondary education (ISCED97 level 1 & 2); Reference period: 2004: 2003-2004; 2005: 2004-2005; 2006: 2005-2006; 2007: 2006-2007; 2008: 2007-2008; 2009: 2008-2009; 2010: 2009/10; 2011: 2010/11; 2012: 2011/12; Source in Reference: 1990: UNDP; 2000: DPRS; 2004 to 2009: NSO;

Indicator: Male net enrolment ratio in primary education , Country: Montenegro

National Series Reference: 2004 to 2009: MDG Report 2010; 2010 to 2012: MDG Report 2013; Definition: 2004 to 2009: Primary and lower secondary education (ISCED97 level 1 & 2); Reference period: 2004: 2003-2004; 2005: 2004-2005; 2006: 2005-2006; 2007: 2006-2007; 2008: 2007-2008; 2009: 2008-2009; 2010: 2009/10; 2011: 2010/11; 2012: 2011/12; Source in Reference: 2004 to 2009: NSO;

Indicator: Female net enrolment ratio in primary education , Country: Montenegro

National Series Reference: 2004 to 2009: MDG Report 2010; 2010 to 2012: MDG Report 2013; Definition: 2004 to 2009: Primary and lower secondary education (ISCED97 level 1 & 2); Reference period: 2004: 2003-2004; 2005: 2004-2005; 2006: 2005-2006; 2007: 2006-2007; 2008: 2007-2008; 2009: 2008-2009; 2010: 2009/10; 2011: 2010/11; 2012: 2011/12; Source in Reference: 2004 to 2009: NSO;

Indicator: Net enrolment in pre-school education , Country: Montenegro

National Series Reference: 2004 to 2012: MDG Report 2013; Reference period: 2004: 2003-2004; 2005: 2004-2005; 2006: 2005-2006; 2007: 2006-2007; 2008: 2007-2008; 2009: 2008-2009; 2010: 2009/10; 2011: 2010/11; 2012: 2011/12;

Indicator: Pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary, total (%) , Country: Montenegro

National Series Reference: 1990 to 2000: MDG Report 2004; 2004 to 2011: MDG Report 2013; Definition: 1990 to 2000: who reach grade 5; Reference period: 2004: 2003-2004; 2005: 2004-2005; 2006: 2005-2006; 2007: 2006-2007; 2008: 2007-2008; 2009: 2008-2009; 2010: 2009/10; 2011: 2010/11; Source in Reference: 1990: UNDP; 2000: UNICEF;

Indicator: Male pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary (%) , Country: Montenegro

National Series Reference: 2004 to 2011: MDG Report 2013; Reference period: 2004: 2003-2004; 2005: 2004-2005; 2006: 2005-2006; 2007: 2006-2007; 2008: 2007-2008; 2009: 2008-2009; 2010: 2009/10; 2011: 2010/11;

Indicator: Female pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary (%) , Country: Montenegro

National Series Reference: 2004 to 2011: MDG Report 2013; Reference period: 2004: 2003-2004; 2005: 2004-2005; 2006: 2005-2006; 2007: 2006-2007; 2008: 2007-2008; 2009: 2008-2009; 2010: 2009/10; 2011: 2010/11;

Indicator: Literacy rates of 15-24 years old, both sexes (%) , Country: Montenegro

National Series Reference: 2000: MDG Report 2004; Source in Reference: 2000: DPRS;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in primary education, both sexes , Country: North Macedonia

National Series Reference: 1990 to 2003: MDG report 2005; Definition: 1990 to 2003: Gross enrolment ratio; Source in Reference: 1990 to 2003: NHDR 2004;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in secondary education, both sexes , Country: North Macedonia

National Series Reference: 1990 to 2003: MDG report 2005; Definition: 1990 to 2003: Gross enrolment ratio; Source in Reference: 1990 to 2003: UNICEF 2004;

Indicator: Net enrolment in pre-school education , Country: North Macedonia

National Series Reference: 2002: MDG report 2005; Definition: 2002: Gross enrolment; Reference period: 2002: 2001/02;

Indicator: Pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary, total (%) , Country: North Macedonia

National Series Reference: 1995 to 1999: MDG report 2005; 2000 to 2005: MDG progress report 2009; Definition: 1995 to 1999: who reach grade 5; Reference period: 1995: 1994/95; 1996: 1995/96; 1997: 1996/97; 1998: 1997/98; 1999: 1998/99; 2000: 2000-2001; 2001: 2001-2002; 2002: 2002-2003; 2003: 2003-2004; 2004: 2004-2005; 2005: 2005-2006; Source in Reference: 1995 to 2005: NSO;

Indicator: Primary completion rate, females , Country: North Macedonia

National Series Reference: 1998 to 2003: MDG report 2005; Reference period: 1998: 1997/98; 2003: 1995/96; Source in Reference: 1998 to 2003: NSO;

Indicator: Literacy rates of 15-24 years old, both sexes (%) , Country: North Macedonia

National Series Reference: 2002: MDG progress report 2009; Source in Reference: 2002: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2002: Census 2002;

Indicator: Male literacy rates of 15-24 years old (%) , Country: North Macedonia

National Series Reference: 2002: MDG progress report 2009; Source in Reference: 2002: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2002: Census 2002;

Indicator: Female literacy rates of 15-24 years old (%) , Country: North Macedonia

National Series Reference: 2002: MDG progress report 2009; Source in Reference: 2002: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2002: Census 2002;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in primary education, both sexes , Country: Poland

National Series Reference: 1991 to 2001: MDG Report 2002; Reference period: 1991: 1990/91; 1996: 1995/96; 2000: 1999/2000; 2001: 2000/01; Source in Reference: 1991 to 2001: Statistical Yearbook 2001, NSO;

Indicator: Female net enrolment ratio in primary education , Country: Poland

National Series Reference: 2001: MDG Report 2002; Reference period: 2001: 2000/01; Source in Reference: 2001: Statistical Yearbook 2001, NSO;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in secondary education, both sexes , Country: Poland

National Series Reference: 1991 to 2001: MDG Report 2002; Reference period: 1991: 1990/91; 1996: 1995/96; 2000: 1999/2000; 2001: 2000/01; Source in Reference: 1991 to 2001: Statistical Yearbook 2001, NSO;

Indicator: Female net enrolment ratio in secondary education , Country: Poland

National Series Reference: 2001: MDG Report 2002; Reference period: 2001: 2000/01; Source in Reference: 2001: Statistical Yearbook 2001, NSO;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in tertiary education, both sexes , Country: Poland

National Series Reference: 1991 to 2001: MDG Report 2002; Reference period: 1991: 1990/91; 1996: 1995/96; 2000: 1999/2000; 2001: 2000/01; Source in Reference: 1991 to 2001: Statistical Yearbook 2001, NSO;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in primary education, both sexes , Country: Republic of Moldova

National Series Reference: 1999: MDG Report 2005; 2000 to 2010: Statbank of the National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova as on 08-08-2012; 2011 to 2012: Moldova Statbank (http://statbank.statistica.md) 11-11-2013; Definition: 2000 to 2012: Gross enrolement in Primary and lower secondary education (ISCED97 level 1 & 2); Note: 2000 to 2010: Age group 7-15; 2000 to 2012: Information is presented without the data from the left side of the river Nistru and municipality Bender.; Source in Reference: 2000 to 2012: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2000 to 2010: Survey of Educational Units;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in secondary education, both sexes , Country: Republic of Moldova

National Series Reference: 1999 to 2002: MDG Report 2005;

Indicator: Net enrolment in pre-school education , Country: Republic of Moldova

National Series Reference: 2006 to 2012: Third MDG Report 2013; Definition: 2006 to 2012: 3-6 years olds; Source in Reference: 2006 to 2012: NSO, Min. of Education;

Indicator: Literacy rates of 15-24 years old, both sexes (%) , Country: Republic of Moldova

National Series Reference: 2000 to 2003: DevInfo Moldova 2009; 2004 to 2009: MDG Report 2010; 2011 to 2012: Third MDG Report 2013; Source in Reference: 2004 to 2012: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2004: Census 2004; 2005 to 2009: LFS;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in primary education, both sexes , Country: Romania

National Series Reference: 2001 to 2009: MDG Report 2010; Source in Reference: 2001: CNOASIIDS, Min. of Health; 2002 to 2009: CNOASIIDS - Min. of Health;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in secondary education, both sexes , Country: Romania

National Series Reference: 2001: MDG Report 2003; Definition: 2001: Gross enrolment ratio at ISCED97 level 3; Note: 2001: Compulsory education; Reference period: 2001: 2000/01; Source in Reference: 2001: DevInfo;

Indicator: Female net enrolment ratio in secondary education , Country: Romania

National Series Reference: 2001: MDG Report 2003; Definition: 2001: Gross enrolment ratio at ISCED97 level 3; Note: 2001: Compulsory education; Reference period: 2001: 2000/01; Source in Reference: 2001: DevInfo;

Indicator: Male net enrolment ratio in secondary education , Country: Romania

National Series Reference: 2001: MDG Report 2003; Definition: 2001: Gross enrolment ratio at ISCED97 level 3; Note: 2001: Compulsory education; Reference period: 2001: 2000/01; Source in Reference: 2001: DevInfo;

Indicator: Primary completion rate, both sexes , Country: Romania

National Series Reference: 2001 to 2008: MDG Report 2010; Source in Reference: 2001 to 2008: CNOASIIDS - Min. of Health;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in secondary education, both sexes , Country: Russian Federation

National Series Definition: 2006: Gross enrolment ratio at ISCED97 level 3;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in primary education, both sexes , Country: Serbia

National Series Reference: 1978 to 2003: MDG Report 2001-2004; 2005 to 2008: MDG progress report 2009; Definition: 1978: Net-enrolment grade 1; 1990 to 2003: Gross enrolment ratio; Note: 2003: Education Statistics Department: 98.2; Source in Reference: 1990 to 1998: Comprehensive analysis of primary education in the FR of Yugoslavia, UNICEF 2001, Belgrade; 2000 to 2003: DevInfo; 2005 to 2008: NSO;

Indicator: Male net enrolment ratio in primary education , Country: Serbia

National Series Reference: 2003: MDG Report 2001-2004; Definition: 2003: Gross enrolment ratio; Source in Reference: 2003: Education Statistics Department of the Min. of Education and Sports;

Indicator: Female net enrolment ratio in primary education , Country: Serbia

National Series Reference: 2003: MDG Report 2001-2004; Definition: 2003: Gross enrolment ratio; Source in Reference: 2003: Education Statistics Department of the Min. of Education and Sports;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in secondary education, both sexes , Country: Serbia

National Series Reference: 2005: MDG report 2006; 2008: MDG progress report 2009; Note: 2005: According to Ministry of Education and Sport; Reference period: 2005: 2004/05; Source in Reference: 2005 to 2008: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2008: Administrative data;

Indicator: Net enrolment in pre-school education , Country: Serbia

National Series Reference: 2003: MDG Report 2001-2004; 2005: MDG report 2006; Source in Reference: 2003: DevInfo 2005; 2005: NSO;

Indicator: Pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary, total (%) , Country: Serbia

National Series Reference: 1990 to 2003: MDG Report 2001-2004; 2005 to 2008: MDG progress report 2009; Definition: 1990 to 2003: who reach grade 5; Note: 2000: MICS 2000: 93.5; Source in Reference: 1990 to 1999: National report on the world summit for chidren follow-up (NIRCS), Belgrade, 2001; 2000 to 2003: DevInfo; 2005 to 2008: NSO;

Indicator: Primary completion rate, both sexes , Country: Serbia

National Series Reference: 2005: MDG report 2006; Source in Reference: 2005: NSO;

Indicator: Primary completion rate, males , Country: Serbia

National Series Reference: 2005: MDG report 2006; Source in Reference: 2005: NSO;

Indicator: Primary completion rate, females , Country: Serbia

National Series Reference: 2005: MDG report 2006; Source in Reference: 2005: NSO;

Indicator: Literacy rates of 15-24 years old, both sexes (%) , Country: Serbia

National Series Reference: 2002: MDG progress report 2009; Source in Reference: 2002: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2002: Census 2002;

Indicator: Male literacy rates of 15-24 years old (%) , Country: Serbia

National Series Reference: 2002: MDG report 2006; Source in Reference: 2002: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2002: Census 2002;

Indicator: Female literacy rates of 15-24 years old (%) , Country: Serbia

National Series Reference: 2002: MDG report 2006; Source in Reference: 2002: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2002: Census 2002;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in primary education, both sexes , Country: Tajikistan

National Series Reference: 1989: MDG Progress Report 2003; 2000 to 2003: MDG Needs Assessment 2005; 2007: MDG Progress Report 2010; Definition: 1989: Primary and lower secondary education (ISCED97 level 1 & 2); 2003 to 2007: Attendance ratio; Reference period: 2007: 2007-2008; Source in Reference: 2000: UNICEF; 2001: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper; 2007: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2000: MICS 2000; 2003: LSS 2003; 2007: LSS;

Indicator: Male net enrolment ratio in primary education , Country: Tajikistan

National Series Reference: 2007: MDG Progress Report 2010; Definition: 2007: Attendance ratio; Reference period: 2007: 2007-2008; Source in Reference: 2007: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2007: LSS;

Indicator: Female net enrolment ratio in primary education , Country: Tajikistan

National Series Reference: 2007: MDG Progress Report 2010; Definition: 2007: Attendance ratio; Reference period: 2007: 2007-2008; Source in Reference: 2007: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2007: LSS;

Indicator: Pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary, total (%) , Country: Tajikistan

National Series Reference: 2001 to 2004: NSO MDG data; Definition: 2001 to 2004: who reach grade 5;

Indicator: Literacy rates of 15-24 years old, both sexes (%) , Country: Tajikistan

National Series Reference: 2001: NSO MDG data; 2007: MDG Progress Report 2010; Source in Reference: 2007: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2001: Census 2000; 2007: LSS 2007;

Indicator: Male literacy rates of 15-24 years old (%) , Country: Tajikistan

National Series Reference: 2007: MDG Progress Report 2010; Source in Reference: 2007: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2007: LSS 2007;

Indicator: Female literacy rates of 15-24 years old (%) , Country: Tajikistan

National Series Reference: 2007: MDG Progress Report 2010; Source in Reference: 2007: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 2007: LSS 2007;

Indicator: Women to men parity index, as ratio of literacy rates, 15-24 years old , Country: Tajikistan

National Series Reference: 2001: NSO MDG data; Primary Source in Reference: 2001: Census 2000;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in primary education, both sexes , Country: Turkey

National Series Reference: 1990 to 1994: MDG Report 2005; 1995: MDG Report 2010; 1996 to 1999: MDG Report 2005; 2000: MDG Report 2010; 2001 to 2004: MDG Report 2005; 2005 to 2009: MDG Report 2010; Definition: 2000: Primary and lower secondary education (ISCED97 level 1 & 2); 2005 to 2009: Primary and lower secondary education (ISCED97 level 1 & 2); Note: 1995: Grade 1-5; 2000: Grade 1-8. Calculated according to the latest population projection based on the results of General Population Census 2000.; 2005 to 2006: Grade 1-8. Calculated according to the latest population projection based on the results of General Population Census 2000.; 2007 to 2009: Grade 1-8. Calculated according to the results of Population Registry System Based on Address (PRSBA); 1995: 75.33 in National MDG Report 2005; 2000: 90.8 in National MDG Report 2005; 2002 to 2004: Provisional data; Source in Reference: 1990 to 1994: NSO, National Education Statistics; 1995: Min. of National Education; 1996 to 1999: NSO, National Education Statistics; 2000: Min. of National Education; 2001 to 2004: NSO, National Education Statistics; 2005 to 2009: Min. of National Education;

Indicator: Male net enrolment ratio in primary education , Country: Turkey

National Series Reference: 1990 to 1994: MDG Report 2005; 1995: MDG Report 2010; 1996 to 1999: MDG Report 2005; 2000: MDG Report 2010; 2001 to 2004: MDG Report 2005; 2005 to 2009: MDG Report 2010; Definition: 2000: Basic education (ISCED97 level 2); 2005 to 2009: Basic education (ISCED97 level 2); Note: 1995: Grade 1-5; 2000: Grade 1-8. Calculated according to the latest population projection based on the results of General Population Census 2000.; 2005 to 2006: Grade 1-8. Calculated according to the latest population projection based on the results of General Population Census 2000.; 2007 to 2009: Grade 1-8. Calculated according to the results of Population Registry System Based on Address (PRSBA); 1995: 79.79 in National MDG Report 2005; 2000: 93.62 in National MDG Report 2005; 2002 to 2004: Provisional data; Source in Reference: 1990 to 1994: NSO, National Education Statistics; 1995: Min. of National Education; 1996 to 1999: NSO, National Education Statistics; 2000: Min. of National Education; 2001 to 2004: NSO, National Education Statistics; 2005 to 2009: Min. of National Education;

Indicator: Female net enrolment ratio in primary education , Country: Turkey

National Series Reference: 1990 to 1994: MDG Report 2005; 1995: MDG Report 2010; 1996 to 1999: MDG Report 2005; 2000: MDG Report 2010; 2001 to 2004: MDG Report 2005; 2005 to 2009: MDG Report 2010; Definition: 2000: Basic education (ISCED97 level 2); 2005 to 2009: Basic education (ISCED97 level 2); Note: 1995: Grade 1-5; 2000: Grade 1-8. Calculated according to the latest population projection based on the results of General Population Census 2000.; 2005 to 2006: Grade 1-8. Calculated according to the latest population projection based on the results of General Population Census 2000.; 2007 to 2009: Grade 1-8. Calculated according to the results of Population Registry System Based on Address (PRSBA); 1995: 70.64 in National MDG Report 2005; 2000: 87.78 in National MDG Report 2005; 2002 to 2004: Provisional data; Source in Reference: 1990 to 1994: NSO, National Education Statistics; 1995: Min. of National Education; 1996 to 1999: NSO, National Education Statistics; 2000: Min. of National Education; 2001 to 2004: NSO, National Education Statistics; 2005 to 2009: Min. of National Education;

Indicator: Literacy rates of 15-24 years old, both sexes (%) , Country: Turkey

National Series Reference: 1990: MDG Report 2010; 1991 to 1994: MDG Report 2005; 1995: MDG Report 2010; 1996 to 1999: MDG Report 2005; 2000: MDG Report 2010; 2001 to 2004: MDG Report 2005; 2005 to 2008: MDG Report 2010; Note: 1991 to 1994: Revised results; 1996 to 1999: Revised results; 2001 to 2004: Revised results; Source in Reference: 1990 to 2008: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 1991 to 1994: LFS; 1996 to 1999: LFS; 2001 to 2004: LFS;

Indicator: Male literacy rates of 15-24 years old (%) , Country: Turkey

National Series Reference: 1990: MDG Report 2010; 1991 to 1994: MDG Report 2005; 1995: MDG Report 2010; 1996 to 1999: MDG Report 2005; 2000: MDG Report 2010; 2001 to 2004: MDG Report 2005; 2005 to 2008: MDG Report 2010; Note: 1991 to 1994: Revised results; 1996 to 1999: Revised results; 2001 to 2004: Revised results; Source in Reference: 1990 to 2008: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 1991 to 1994: LFS; 1996 to 1999: LFS; 2001 to 2004: LFS;

Indicator: Female literacy rates of 15-24 years old (%) , Country: Turkey

National Series Reference: 1990: MDG Report 2010; 1991 to 1994: MDG Report 2005; 1995: MDG Report 2010; 1996 to 1999: MDG Report 2005; 2000: MDG Report 2010; 2001 to 2004: MDG Report 2005; 2005 to 2008: MDG Report 2010; Note: 1991 to 1994: Revised results; 1996 to 1999: Revised results; 2001 to 2004: Revised results; Source in Reference: 1990 to 2008: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 1991 to 1994: LFS; 1996 to 1999: LFS; 2001 to 2004: LFS;

Indicator: Women to men parity index, as ratio of literacy rates, 15-24 years old , Country: Turkey

National Series Reference: 1990 to 2004: MDG Report 2005; Note: 2002 to 2004: Revised statistics; Primary Source in Reference: 1990 to 2004: LFS;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in primary education, both sexes , Country: Turkmenistan

National Series Reference: 1990 to 2000: MDG Report 2003;

Indicator: Male net enrolment ratio in primary education , Country: Turkmenistan

National Series Reference: 1990 to 2002: MDG Report 2003;

Indicator: Female net enrolment ratio in primary education , Country: Turkmenistan

National Series Reference: 1990 to 2002: MDG Report 2003;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in secondary education, both sexes , Country: Turkmenistan

National Series Reference: 1990 to 2000: MDG Report 2003;

Indicator: Male net enrolment ratio in secondary education , Country: Turkmenistan

National Series Reference: 1990 to 2002: MDG Report 2003;

Indicator: Female net enrolment ratio in secondary education , Country: Turkmenistan

National Series Reference: 1990 to 2002: MDG Report 2003;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in tertiary education, both sexes , Country: Turkmenistan

National Series Reference: 1990 to 2000: MDG Report 2003;

Indicator: Literacy rates of 15-24 years old, both sexes (%) , Country: Turkmenistan

National Series Reference: 1995: MDG Report 2003; Source in Reference: 1995: NSO; Primary Source in Reference: 1995: Census 1995;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in primary education, both sexes , Country: Ukraine

National Series Reference: 2000 to 2004: MDG Report 2005;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in secondary education, both sexes , Country: Ukraine

National Series Reference: 2001: MDG Report 2010; 2002: MDG Report 2003; 2003 to 2008: MDG Report 2010; 2009 to 2012: MDG Report 2013; Definition: 2002: Gross enrolment ratio at ISCED97 level 3; Source in Reference: 2009 to 2012: NSO;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in tertiary education, both sexes , Country: Ukraine

National Series Reference: 2001 to 2008: MDG Report 2010; 2009 to 2012: MDG Report 2013; Note: 2001 to 2012: aged 17-22; Source in Reference: 2009 to 2012: NSO;

Indicator: Net enrolment in pre-school education , Country: Ukraine

National Series Reference: 1990 to 1999: MDG Report 2003; 2000: MDG Report 2005; 2001 to 2006: MDG Report 2007; Definition: 1997 to 2006: 5 year olds;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in primary education, both sexes , Country: Uzbekistan

National Series Reference: 1999 to 2002: MDG Report 2006; Source in Reference: 1999 to 2002: UNICEF - Innocenti Research Center 2004;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in secondary education, both sexes , Country: Uzbekistan

National Series Reference: 1999 to 2002: MDG Report 2006; Definition: 1999 to 2002: Basic education (ISCED97 level 2); Source in Reference: 1999 to 2002: UNICEF - Innocenti Research Center 2004;

Indicator: Net enrolment ratio in tertiary education, both sexes , Country: Uzbekistan

National Series Reference: 1990 to 2002: MDG Report 2006; Definition: 1999: Basic education (ISCED97 level 2); Source in Reference: 1990 to 2002: UNICEF - Innocenti Research Center 2004;