ICELAND

Capital Reykjavik
Area (km2) 103 000
Total population (thousands, 2022) 382
Population density (per km2) 4
National currency Icelandic krona (ISK)
National statistical office www.statice.is
Statistics Iceland
Women in the labour force, 2023
   percentage of total for both sexes 45%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings, 2019 17%
   hourly wage, 2022 9%
Women in part-time employment, 2023
   percentage of employed women 33%
Female tertiary students, 2021
   percentage of total for both sexes 66%
Female victims of homicide, 2018
   percentage of total for both sexes 33%
Women researchers, 2022
   percentage of total for both sexes 47%
Life expectancy at birth, 2023
   females, years 84.4
   males, years 80.9
Life expectancy at 65, 2023
   females, years 22.2
   males, years 19.7
Total fertility rate, 2022
   average number of children per woman 1.6
Adolescent fertility rate, 2022
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 3.1
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2022
   age in years 28.8
 
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
4.5
4.2
3.0
-0.1
-4.7
2.1
Unemployment rate
 (%)
3.0
2.7
2.7
3.5
5.5
6.1
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
6.5
7.9
6.1
8.7
10.0
12.1
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2022 27 197
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2022 73 486
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2023 43.4
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2023 43.4
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2022 55 766
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   ISK per USD, US=1, 2022 142.764
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
0
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
2

value: 100%

sector:

value: 100%

sector:

Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres ..
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres, 2008 11
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2022 3 029
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2022 24
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres ..
      million tonne-kilometres ..
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres, 2016 7 301
      million tonne-kilometres, 2005 815