ITALY

Capital Rome
Area (km2) 301 337
Total population (thousands, 2018) 60 422
Population density (per km2) 201
National currency Euro (EUR)
National statistical office www.istat.it
National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT)
Women in the labour force, 2019
   percentage of total for both sexes 43%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings, 2014 18%
   hourly wage, 2017 5%
Women in part-time employment, 2019
   percentage of employed women 33%
Female tertiary students, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 55%
Female victims of homicide, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 34%
Women researchers, 2017
   percentage of total for both sexes 34%
Life expectancy at birth, 2018
   females, years 85.6
   males, years 81.2
Life expectancy at 65, 2018
   females, years 22.8
   males, years 19.6
Total fertility rate, 2018
   average number of children per woman 1.3
Adolescent fertility rate, 2018
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 4.1
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2017
   age in years 31.1
 
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
0.1
0.7
1.4
1.2
0.8
0.6
Unemployment rate
 (%)
12.7
11.9
11.7
11.2
10.6
..
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
42.7
40.3
37.8
34.7
32.2
29.2
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2018 2 556 271
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2018 42 281
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2019 31.6
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2019 28.5
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2018 33 522
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   EUR per USD, US=1, 2018 0.691
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
32
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
23
Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 2018 16 781
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres, 2017 6 943
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2018 4 019
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2018 55
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 2018 55 493
      million tonne-kilometres, 2018 22 070
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres, 2018 858 092
      million tonne-kilometres, 2018 124 915