NETHERLANDS

Capital Amsterdam
Area (km2) 41 526
Total population (thousands, 2022) 17 701
Population density (per km2) 426
National currency Euro (EUR)
National statistical office www.cbs.nl
Statistics Netherlands
Women in the labour force, 2023
   percentage of total for both sexes 47%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings, 2019 37%
   hourly wage, 2022 13%
Women in part-time employment, 2023
   percentage of employed women 63%
Female tertiary students, 2020
   percentage of total for both sexes 53%
Female victims of homicide, 2021
   percentage of total for both sexes 30%
Women researchers, 2021
   percentage of total for both sexes 30%
Life expectancy at birth, 2023
   females, years 83.4
   males, years 80.5
Life expectancy at 65, 2023
   females, years 21.0
   males, years 18.9
Total fertility rate, 2022
   average number of children per woman 1.5
Adolescent fertility rate, 2022
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 2.1
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2022
   age in years 30.3
 
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
2.7
2.3
-0.4
2.0
3.9
1.5
Unemployment rate
 (%)
4.9
4.4
4.9
4.2
3.5
3.6
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
7.2
6.7
9.1
9.3
7.6
8.2
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2022 1 254 465
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2022 70 870
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2023 85.0
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2023 73.9
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2022 48 174
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   EUR per USD, US=1, 2022 0.764
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
11
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
5

value: 100%

sector:

value: 100%

sector:

Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 2022 3 041
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres, 2022 2 793
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2021 1 143
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2021 29
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 2022 17 105
      million tonne-kilometres, 2022 7 176
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres, 2017 194 200
      million tonne-kilometres, 2022 65 348