SPAIN

Capital Madrid
Area (km2) 505 992
Total population (thousands, 2020) 47 366
Population density (per km2) 94
National currency Euro (EUR)
National statistical office www.ine.es
National Institute of Statistics
Women in the labour force, 2021
   percentage of total for both sexes 47%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings, 2018 21%
   hourly wage, 2020 9%
Women in part-time employment, 2021
   percentage of employed women 22%
Female tertiary students, 2019
   percentage of total for both sexes 54%
Female victims of homicide, 2019
   percentage of total for both sexes 38%
Women researchers, 2019
   percentage of total for both sexes 41%
Life expectancy at birth, 2021
   females, years 86.2
   males, years 80.3
Life expectancy at 65, 2021
   females, years 23.5
   males, years 19.1
Total fertility rate, 2020
   average number of children per woman 1.2
Adolescent fertility rate, 2020
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 5.3
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2020
   age in years 31.2
 
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
2.1
2.6
2.2
2.6
-4.2
2.5
Unemployment rate
 (%)
19.6
17.2
15.3
14.1
15.5
14.8
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
44.4
38.6
34.3
32.5
38.3
34.8
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2020 1 809 202
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2020 38 206
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2021 34.9
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2021 33.4
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2020 29 856
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   EUR per USD, US=1, 2020 0.618
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
37
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
26

value: 100%

sector:

value: 100%

sector:

Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 2020 16 135
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres, 2018 15 585
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2019 2 958
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2019 37
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 2020 12 060
      million tonne-kilometres, 2020 8 920
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres, 2015 366 092
      million tonne-kilometres, 2020 242 265