TURKMENISTAN

Capital Ashgabat
Area (km2) 488 100
Total population (thousands, 2009) 5 097
Population density (per km2) 10
National currency Turkmen manat (TMM)
National statistical office www.stat.gov.tm
State Committee of Turkmenistan on Statistics
Women in the labour force, 2006
   percentage of total for both sexes 53%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings ..
   hourly wage ..
Women in part-time employment
   percentage of employed women ..
Female tertiary students, 2021
   percentage of total for both sexes 49%
Female victims of homicide
   percentage of total for both sexes ..
Women researchers, 2021
   percentage of total for both sexes 48%
Life expectancy at birth, 2021
   females, years 72.4
   males, years 66.9
Life expectancy at 65, 2013
   females, years 16.9
   males, years 14.0
Total fertility rate, 2019
   average number of children per woman 2.5
Adolescent fertility rate, 2006
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 22.7
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2021
   age in years 24.1
 
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
1.3
0.7
3.0
2.0
2.5
2.2
Unemployment rate
 (%)
..
..
2.4
2.6
2.5
2.5
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
..
..
..
..
..
..
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2021 114 828
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2021 18 772
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2021 74.2
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2021 44.1
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2021 3 756
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   TMM per USD, US=1, 2022 1.768
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
9
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant)
..

value: 100%

sector:

value: 100%

sector:

Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 1999 2 446
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres ..
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2020 245
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2020 47
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 1998 571
      million tonne-kilometres, 1998 7 701
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres ..
      million tonne-kilometres, 1997 489