UNITED KINGDOM

Capital London
Area (km2) 242 910
Total population (thousands, 2021) 67 026
Population density (per km2) 276
National currency Pound sterling (GBP)
National statistical office www.ons.gov.uk
Office for National Statistics
Women in the labour force, 2019
   percentage of total for both sexes 47%
Gender pay gap
   monthly earnings, 2019 16%
   hourly wage, 2018 20%
Women in part-time employment, 2019
   percentage of employed women 41%
Female tertiary students, 2018
   percentage of total for both sexes 57%
Female victims of homicide, 2019
   percentage of total for both sexes 36%
Women researchers, 2018
   percentage of total for both sexes 39%
Life expectancy at birth, 2018
   females, years 83.1
   males, years 79.5
Life expectancy at 65, 2018
   females, years 21.1
   males, years 18.9
Total fertility rate, 2020
   average number of children per woman 1.6
Adolescent fertility rate, 2020
   number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-19 9.9
Mean age of women at birth of first child, 2018
   age in years 29.0
 
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
Employment
 (% change over previous year)
1.5
1.0
1.2
1.1
-0.9
-0.3
Unemployment rate
 (%)
..
..
..
..
..
..
Youth unemployment rate
 (%)
13.0
12.1
11.3
11.2
..
..
GDP
   current prices, millions of US dollars, PPP, 2022 3 678 728
GDP, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2022 54 422
Exports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2022 33.3
Imports of goods and services
   % of GDP, 2022 36.0
Final consumption expenditure, per capita
   current prices, US dollars, PPP, 2022 45 113
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
   GBP per USD, US=1, 2022 0.681
Forest resources
   Area of forest
 (percentage of land area, 2015)
13
   Wood volume
 (m3 per inhabitant, 2015)
10

value: 100%

sector:

value: 100%

sector:

Transport infrastructure, road accidents and traffic
   Railways
      total length in kilometres, 2022 16 430
   Motorways
      total length in kilometres, 2022 3 859
   Persons injured in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2021 1 996
   Persons killed in road accidents
      per million inhabitants, 2021 24
   Traffic, railways
      million passenger-kilometres, 2022 51 921
      million tonne-kilometres, 2022 15 865
   Traffic, roads
      million passenger-kilometres, 2016 706 769
      million tonne-kilometres, 2022 185 632