Indicator 12.c.1 (b)

Indicator 12.c.1 (b)

Fossil-fuel pre-tax subsidies (consumption and production) per capita, current United States dollars

Fossil fuel subsidies at the national, regional and global level. Three sub-indicators are recommended for reporting on this indicator: 1) direct transfer of government funds; 2) induced transfers (price support); and as an optional sub-indicator 3) tax expenditure, other revenue foregone, and underpricing of goods and services.

INDICATOR 12.c.1 (b)
Fossil-fuel pre-tax subsidies (consumption and production) per capita. Fossil fuel subsidies at the national, regional and global level. Three sub-indicators are recommended for reporting on this indicator: 1) direct transfer of government funds; 2) induced transfers (price support); and as an optional sub-indicator 3) tax expenditure, other revenue foregone, and underpricing of goods and services.
TARGET 12.c
Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities
GOAL 12
Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
See United Nations Global SDG Database

Indicator 12.c.1 (b)

Indicator 12.c.1 (b)

Fossil-fuel pre-tax subsidies (consumption and production) per capita, current United States dollars

Heat map
Bubble map
INDICATOR 12.c.1 (b)
Fossil-fuel pre-tax subsidies (consumption and production) per capita. Fossil fuel subsidies at the national, regional and global level. Three sub-indicators are recommended for reporting on this indicator: 1) direct transfer of government funds; 2) induced transfers (price support); and as an optional sub-indicator 3) tax expenditure, other revenue foregone, and underpricing of goods and services.
TARGET 12.c
Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities
GOAL 12
Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
See United Nations Global SDG Database

Indicator 12.c.1 (b)

Indicator 12.c.1 (b)

Fossil-fuel pre-tax subsidies (consumption and production) per capita, current United States dollars

INDICATOR 12.c.1 (b)
Fossil-fuel pre-tax subsidies (consumption and production) per capita. Fossil fuel subsidies at the national, regional and global level. Three sub-indicators are recommended for reporting on this indicator: 1) direct transfer of government funds; 2) induced transfers (price support); and as an optional sub-indicator 3) tax expenditure, other revenue foregone, and underpricing of goods and services.
TARGET 12.c
Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities
GOAL 12
Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
See United Nations Global SDG Database

Indicator 12.c.1 (b)

Indicator 12.c.1 (b)

Fossil-fuel pre-tax subsidies (consumption and production) per capita, current United States dollars

Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Albania 68.2 .. 20.5 .. 23.9
Armenia 1.8 .. 2.2 .. 2.3
Austria 16.0 .. 6.4 .. 6.5
Azerbaijan 243.5 .. 99.9 .. 115.9
Belarus 29.0 .. 29.8 .. 33.2
Belgium 265.5 .. .. .. ..
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Bulgaria 26.3 .. .. .. ..
Canada 38.1 .. 15.0 .. 15.9
Croatia 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Cyprus 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Czechia 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Denmark 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Estonia .. .. 0.1 .. 0.1
Finland .. .. 0.0 .. 0.2
France 2.3 .. 0.9 .. 1.5
Georgia 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Germany 39.2 .. 9.4 .. 9.9
Greece 21.5 .. 0.0 .. 0.0
Hungary 0.0 .. .. .. ..
Iceland 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Ireland 23.1 .. .. .. ..
Israel 1.1 .. 2.7 .. 2.7
Italy .. .. 1.3 .. 0.8
Kazakhstan 110.2 .. 69.6 .. 174.6
Kyrgyzstan 189.0 .. 125.9 .. 138.3
Latvia 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Lithuania 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Luxembourg 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Malta 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Montenegro 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Netherlands 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
North Macedonia 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Norway 24.0 .. 11.9 .. 2.5
Poland 18.9 .. 0.2 .. 0.2
Portugal 0.7 .. .. .. ..
Republic of Moldova 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Romania 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Russian Federation 304.1 .. 205.3 .. 198.4
Serbia 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Slovakia 1.2 .. .. .. ..
Slovenia 4.6 .. .. .. ..
Spain 8.6 .. 1.6 .. 1.8
Sweden 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Switzerland 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Tajikistan 34.9 .. 30.6 .. 31.2
Turkey 2.5 .. 3.6 .. 4.2
Turkmenistan 1161.7 .. 653.4 .. 529.8
Ukraine 206.3 .. 135.7 .. 82.7
United Kingdom 7.2 .. 0.1 .. 0.2
United States 34.5 .. 4.6 .. 3.3
Uzbekistan 342.0 .. 196.2 .. 144.2
Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Albania 68.2 .. 20.5 .. 23.9
Armenia 1.8 .. 2.2 .. 2.3
Austria 16.0 .. 6.4 .. 6.5
Azerbaijan 243.5 .. 99.9 .. 115.9
Belarus 29.0 .. 29.8 .. 33.2
Belgium 265.5 .. .. .. ..
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Bulgaria 26.3 .. .. .. ..
Canada 38.1 .. 15.0 .. 15.9
Croatia 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Cyprus 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Czechia 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Denmark 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Estonia .. .. 0.1 .. 0.1
Finland .. .. 0.0 .. 0.2
France 2.3 .. 0.9 .. 1.5
Georgia 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Germany 39.2 .. 9.4 .. 9.9
Greece 21.5 .. 0.0 .. 0.0
Hungary 0.0 .. .. .. ..
Iceland 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Ireland 23.1 .. .. .. ..
Israel 1.1 .. 2.7 .. 2.7
Italy .. .. 1.3 .. 0.8
Kazakhstan 110.2 .. 69.6 .. 174.6
Kyrgyzstan 189.0 .. 125.9 .. 138.3
Latvia 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Lithuania 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Luxembourg 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Malta 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Montenegro 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Netherlands 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
North Macedonia 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Norway 24.0 .. 11.9 .. 2.5
Poland 18.9 .. 0.2 .. 0.2
Portugal 0.7 .. .. .. ..
Republic of Moldova 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Romania 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Russian Federation 304.1 .. 205.3 .. 198.4
Serbia 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Slovakia 1.2 .. .. .. ..
Slovenia 4.6 .. .. .. ..
Spain 8.6 .. 1.6 .. 1.8
Sweden 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Switzerland 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
Tajikistan 34.9 .. 30.6 .. 31.2
Turkey 2.5 .. 3.6 .. 4.2
Turkmenistan 1161.7 .. 653.4 .. 529.8
Ukraine 206.3 .. 135.7 .. 82.7
United Kingdom 7.2 .. 0.1 .. 0.2
United States 34.5 .. 4.6 .. 3.3
Uzbekistan 342.0 .. 196.2 .. 144.2
INDICATOR 12.c.1 (b)
Fossil-fuel pre-tax subsidies (consumption and production) per capita. Fossil fuel subsidies at the national, regional and global level. Three sub-indicators are recommended for reporting on this indicator: 1) direct transfer of government funds; 2) induced transfers (price support); and as an optional sub-indicator 3) tax expenditure, other revenue foregone, and underpricing of goods and services.
TARGET 12.c
Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities
GOAL 12
Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
See United Nations Global SDG Database

Footnote