Indicator 3.2.1

Indicator 3.2.1

Under-five mortality rate, per 1,000 live births

Under-five mortality is the probability of a child born in a specific year or period dying before reaching the age of 5 years, if subject to age specific mortality rates of that period, expressed per 1000 live births.

Value by sex
Total
INDICATOR 3.2.1
Under-five mortality rate. Under-five mortality is the probability of a child born in a specific year or period dying before reaching the age of 5 years, if subject to age specific mortality rates of that period, expressed per 1000 live births.
TARGET 3.2
By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births.
GOAL 3
Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
See United Nations Global SDG Database

Indicator 3.2.1

Indicator 3.2.1

Under-five mortality rate, per 1,000 live births

Heat map
Bubble map
INDICATOR 3.2.1
Under-five mortality rate. Under-five mortality is the probability of a child born in a specific year or period dying before reaching the age of 5 years, if subject to age specific mortality rates of that period, expressed per 1000 live births.
TARGET 3.2
By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births.
GOAL 3
Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
See United Nations Global SDG Database

Indicator 3.2.1

Indicator 3.2.1

Under-five mortality rate, per 1,000 live births

INDICATOR 3.2.1
Under-five mortality rate. Under-five mortality is the probability of a child born in a specific year or period dying before reaching the age of 5 years, if subject to age specific mortality rates of that period, expressed per 1000 live births.
TARGET 3.2
By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births.
GOAL 3
Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
See United Nations Global SDG Database

Indicator 3.2.1

Indicator 3.2.1

Under-five mortality rate, per 1,000 live births

Country 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Albania 19.2 17.9 16.7 15.5 14.4 13.3 12.3 11.4 10.7 10.0 9.6 9.3 9.0 8.8
Andorra 5.3 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.1 3.0 2.9
Armenia 23.9 22.7 21.6 20.5 19.5 18.5 17.6 16.7 15.9 15.1 14.4 13.7 13.0 12.4
Austria 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5
Azerbaijan 52.5 49.2 46.1 43.1 40.3 37.6 35.1 32.7 30.5 28.3 26.3 24.5 22.9 21.5
Belarus 8.5 7.8 7.2 6.6 6.0 5.5 5.1 4.8 4.5 4.3 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.4
Belgium 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 8.8 8.6 8.3 7.9 7.5 7.2 6.9 6.6 6.4 6.3 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8
Bulgaria 13.3 12.5 11.9 11.5 11.1 10.7 10.3 9.8 9.2 8.7 8.2 7.7 7.4 7.1
Canada 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0
Croatia 6.7 6.4 6.2 5.9 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.7
Cyprus 4.9 4.6 4.3 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4
Czechia 4.4 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4
Denmark 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.2
Estonia 7.1 6.5 5.9 5.4 5.0 4.6 4.2 3.9 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.8 2.6
Finland 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.0 1.8 1.7
France 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0
Georgia 23.7 21.3 19.1 17.2 15.6 14.2 13.0 12.1 11.4 10.9 10.5 10.2 10.0 9.8
Germany 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.7
Greece 4.6 4.3 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.4 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.5
Hungary 7.5 7.2 6.9 6.5 6.2 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.1 4.8 4.5 4.3
Iceland 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0
Ireland 5.2 4.9 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7
Israel 5.6 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7
Italy 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.0
Kazakhstan 31.3 29.1 26.9 24.6 22.4 20.2 18.2 16.2 14.5 13.1 11.9 11.0 10.4 9.9
Kyrgyzstan 39.2 37.6 35.8 33.8 31.6 29.6 27.7 26.1 24.7 23.5 22.3 21.1 20.0 18.9
Latvia 10.5 9.8 9.3 8.8 8.3 7.8 7.2 6.6 6.0 5.5 5.0 4.5 4.2 3.9
Lithuania 9.0 8.6 8.0 7.4 6.7 6.0 5.5 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.4 4.0
Luxembourg 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.4
Malta 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.9 6.9 6.9 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.0
Monaco 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
Montenegro 10.6 9.7 8.9 8.0 7.2 6.4 5.7 5.1 4.5 3.9 3.5 3.1 2.8 2.5
Netherlands 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.9
North Macedonia 13.6 13.1 12.4 11.7 10.9 10.2 10.0 10.4 11.2 12.0 12.3 12.0 11.0 9.9
Norway 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5
Poland 7.6 7.3 7.0 6.7 6.3 6.0 5.7 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.4
Portugal 4.7 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7
Republic of Moldova 19.7 18.7 18.1 17.7 17.4 17.2 17.0 16.8 16.6 16.4 16.3 16.2 16.0 15.8
Romania 18.0 16.2 14.4 13.0 12.0 11.5 11.3 11.1 10.6 10.0 9.2 8.5 7.8 7.3
Russian Federation 13.7 12.8 11.9 11.2 10.7 10.3 10.1 9.8 9.5 9.0 8.5 8.0 7.6 7.2
San Marino 4.2 3.9 3.6 3.3 3.1 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0
Serbia 8.9 8.4 8.1 8.0 7.8 7.6 7.4 7.1 6.9 6.6 6.3 6.0 5.8 5.5
Slovakia 8.2 7.9 7.7 7.4 7.2 7.0 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.7 5.6
Slovenia 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.1
Spain 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0
Sweden 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
Switzerland 5.1 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.1
Tajikistan 56.2 52.4 49.3 46.8 44.8 43.2 41.9 40.7 39.7 38.7 37.8 36.9 35.9 34.8
Turkey 25.3 23.4 21.6 20.0 18.6 17.3 16.2 15.2 14.2 13.4 12.6 11.9 11.2 10.6
Turkmenistan 70.2 68.2 66.0 63.9 61.9 59.9 57.9 56.1 54.2 52.4 50.7 49.0 47.4 45.8
Ukraine 14.5 13.9 13.4 12.9 12.3 11.7 11.2 10.6 10.2 9.8 9.5 9.2 9.0 8.7
United Kingdom 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.3
United States 8.0 7.9 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.6 6.5
Uzbekistan 49.3 46.6 44.0 41.4 38.9 36.4 34.1 31.9 29.8 27.8 25.9 24.2 22.7 21.4
Country 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Albania 19.2 17.9 16.7 15.5 14.4 13.3 12.3 11.4 10.7 10.0 9.6 9.3 9.0 8.8
Andorra 5.3 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.1 3.0 2.9
Armenia 23.9 22.7 21.6 20.5 19.5 18.5 17.6 16.7 15.9 15.1 14.4 13.7 13.0 12.4
Austria 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5
Azerbaijan 52.5 49.2 46.1 43.1 40.3 37.6 35.1 32.7 30.5 28.3 26.3 24.5 22.9 21.5
Belarus 8.5 7.8 7.2 6.6 6.0 5.5 5.1 4.8 4.5 4.3 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.4
Belgium 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 8.8 8.6 8.3 7.9 7.5 7.2 6.9 6.6 6.4 6.3 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8
Bulgaria 13.3 12.5 11.9 11.5 11.1 10.7 10.3 9.8 9.2 8.7 8.2 7.7 7.4 7.1
Canada 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0
Croatia 6.7 6.4 6.2 5.9 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.7
Cyprus 4.9 4.6 4.3 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4
Czechia 4.4 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4
Denmark 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.2
Estonia 7.1 6.5 5.9 5.4 5.0 4.6 4.2 3.9 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.8 2.6
Finland 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.0 1.8 1.7
France 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0
Georgia 23.7 21.3 19.1 17.2 15.6 14.2 13.0 12.1 11.4 10.9 10.5 10.2 10.0 9.8
Germany 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.7
Greece 4.6 4.3 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.4 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.5
Hungary 7.5 7.2 6.9 6.5 6.2 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.1 4.8 4.5 4.3
Iceland 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0
Ireland 5.2 4.9 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7
Israel 5.6 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7
Italy 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.0
Kazakhstan 31.3 29.1 26.9 24.6 22.4 20.2 18.2 16.2 14.5 13.1 11.9 11.0 10.4 9.9
Kyrgyzstan 39.2 37.6 35.8 33.8 31.6 29.6 27.7 26.1 24.7 23.5 22.3 21.1 20.0 18.9
Latvia 10.5 9.8 9.3 8.8 8.3 7.8 7.2 6.6 6.0 5.5 5.0 4.5 4.2 3.9
Lithuania 9.0 8.6 8.0 7.4 6.7 6.0 5.5 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.4 4.0
Luxembourg 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.4
Malta 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.9 6.9 6.9 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.0
Monaco 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
Montenegro 10.6 9.7 8.9 8.0 7.2 6.4 5.7 5.1 4.5 3.9 3.5 3.1 2.8 2.5
Netherlands 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.9
North Macedonia 13.6 13.1 12.4 11.7 10.9 10.2 10.0 10.4 11.2 12.0 12.3 12.0 11.0 9.9
Norway 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5
Poland 7.6 7.3 7.0 6.7 6.3 6.0 5.7 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.4
Portugal 4.7 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7
Republic of Moldova 19.7 18.7 18.1 17.7 17.4 17.2 17.0 16.8 16.6 16.4 16.3 16.2 16.0 15.8
Romania 18.0 16.2 14.4 13.0 12.0 11.5 11.3 11.1 10.6 10.0 9.2 8.5 7.8 7.3
Russian Federation 13.7 12.8 11.9 11.2 10.7 10.3 10.1 9.8 9.5 9.0 8.5 8.0 7.6 7.2
San Marino 4.2 3.9 3.6 3.3 3.1 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0
Serbia 8.9 8.4 8.1 8.0 7.8 7.6 7.4 7.1 6.9 6.6 6.3 6.0 5.8 5.5
Slovakia 8.2 7.9 7.7 7.4 7.2 7.0 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.7 5.6
Slovenia 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.1
Spain 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0
Sweden 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
Switzerland 5.1 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.1
Tajikistan 56.2 52.4 49.3 46.8 44.8 43.2 41.9 40.7 39.7 38.7 37.8 36.9 35.9 34.8
Turkey 25.3 23.4 21.6 20.0 18.6 17.3 16.2 15.2 14.2 13.4 12.6 11.9 11.2 10.6
Turkmenistan 70.2 68.2 66.0 63.9 61.9 59.9 57.9 56.1 54.2 52.4 50.7 49.0 47.4 45.8
Ukraine 14.5 13.9 13.4 12.9 12.3 11.7 11.2 10.6 10.2 9.8 9.5 9.2 9.0 8.7
United Kingdom 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.3
United States 8.0 7.9 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.6 6.5
Uzbekistan 49.3 46.6 44.0 41.4 38.9 36.4 34.1 31.9 29.8 27.8 25.9 24.2 22.7 21.4
INDICATOR 3.2.1
Under-five mortality rate. Under-five mortality is the probability of a child born in a specific year or period dying before reaching the age of 5 years, if subject to age specific mortality rates of that period, expressed per 1000 live births.
TARGET 3.2
By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births.
GOAL 3
Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
See United Nations Global SDG Database

Footnote