Indicator 6.4.2

Indicator 6.4.2

Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources, %

The level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources is the ratio between total freshwater withdrawn by all major sectors and total renewable freshwater resources, after taking into account environmental water requirements. Main sectors, as defined by ISIC standards, include agriculture; forestry and fishing; manufacturing; electricity industry; and services. This indicator is also known as water withdrawal intensity.

INDICATOR 6.4.2
Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources. The level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources is the ratio between total freshwater withdrawn by all major sectors and total renewable freshwater resources, after taking into account environmental water requirements. Main sectors, as defined by ISIC standards, include agriculture; forestry and fishing; manufacturing; electricity industry; and services. This indicator is also known as water withdrawal intensity.
TARGET 6.4
By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity.
GOAL 6
Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
See United Nations Global SDG Database

Indicator 6.4.2

Indicator 6.4.2

Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources, %

Heat map
Bubble map
INDICATOR 6.4.2
Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources. The level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources is the ratio between total freshwater withdrawn by all major sectors and total renewable freshwater resources, after taking into account environmental water requirements. Main sectors, as defined by ISIC standards, include agriculture; forestry and fishing; manufacturing; electricity industry; and services. This indicator is also known as water withdrawal intensity.
TARGET 6.4
By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity.
GOAL 6
Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
See United Nations Global SDG Database

Indicator 6.4.2

Indicator 6.4.2

Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources, %

INDICATOR 6.4.2
Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources. The level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources is the ratio between total freshwater withdrawn by all major sectors and total renewable freshwater resources, after taking into account environmental water requirements. Main sectors, as defined by ISIC standards, include agriculture; forestry and fishing; manufacturing; electricity industry; and services. This indicator is also known as water withdrawal intensity.
TARGET 6.4
By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity.
GOAL 6
Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
See United Nations Global SDG Database

Indicator 6.4.2

Indicator 6.4.2

Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources, %

Country 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Albania 7.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Armenia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 64.2
Austria .. .. .. .. .. 9.5 .. .. .. .. ..
Azerbaijan .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 56.4
Belarus .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4.8
Belgium .. .. .. .. .. 73.8 .. .. .. .. ..
Bosnia and Herzegovina .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.7
Bulgaria .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 41.6
Canada .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6
Croatia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.5
Cyprus .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 29.8
Czechia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 24.9
Denmark .. .. .. .. .. 17.2 .. .. .. .. ..
Estonia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 18.6
Finland 15.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
France .. .. .. .. .. 26.1 .. .. .. .. ..
Georgia .. .. .. .. .. 5.9 .. .. .. .. ..
Germany .. .. .. .. .. 34.4 .. .. .. .. ..
Greece 19.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Hungary .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 7.2
Iceland .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.4
Ireland .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 .. .. .. .. ..
Israel 122.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Italy .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 30.1
Kazakhstan .. .. .. .. .. 27.7 .. .. .. .. ..
Kyrgyzstan 50.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Latvia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.3
Lithuania .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 19.9
Luxembourg .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6
Malta .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 52.3
Netherlands .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 16.9
North Macedonia 13.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Norway 2.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Poland .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 36.6
Portugal 1.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Republic of Moldova 15.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Romania .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 6.0
Russian Federation .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4.4
Serbia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 5.2
Slovakia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.3
Slovenia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.6
Spain .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 44.0
Sweden .. .. .. .. .. 3.9 .. .. .. .. ..
Switzerland .. .. .. .. .. 7.6 .. .. .. .. ..
Tajikistan 73.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Turkey .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 42.9
Turkmenistan 143.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Ukraine .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12.8
United Kingdom .. .. .. .. .. 13.7 .. .. .. .. ..
United States .. .. .. .. .. 30.6 .. .. .. .. ..
Uzbekistan .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 136.9
Country 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Albania 7.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Armenia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 64.2
Austria .. .. .. .. .. 9.5 .. .. .. .. ..
Azerbaijan .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 56.4
Belarus .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4.8
Belgium .. .. .. .. .. 73.8 .. .. .. .. ..
Bosnia and Herzegovina .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.7
Bulgaria .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 41.6
Canada .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6
Croatia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.5
Cyprus .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 29.8
Czechia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 24.9
Denmark .. .. .. .. .. 17.2 .. .. .. .. ..
Estonia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 18.6
Finland 15.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
France .. .. .. .. .. 26.1 .. .. .. .. ..
Georgia .. .. .. .. .. 5.9 .. .. .. .. ..
Germany .. .. .. .. .. 34.4 .. .. .. .. ..
Greece 19.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Hungary .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 7.2
Iceland .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.4
Ireland .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 .. .. .. .. ..
Israel 122.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Italy .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 30.1
Kazakhstan .. .. .. .. .. 27.7 .. .. .. .. ..
Kyrgyzstan 50.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Latvia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.3
Lithuania .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 19.9
Luxembourg .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6
Malta .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 52.3
Netherlands .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 16.9
North Macedonia 13.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Norway 2.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Poland .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 36.6
Portugal 1.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Republic of Moldova 15.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Romania .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 6.0
Russian Federation .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4.4
Serbia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 5.2
Slovakia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.3
Slovenia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.6
Spain .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 44.0
Sweden .. .. .. .. .. 3.9 .. .. .. .. ..
Switzerland .. .. .. .. .. 7.6 .. .. .. .. ..
Tajikistan 73.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Turkey .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 42.9
Turkmenistan 143.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Ukraine .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12.8
United Kingdom .. .. .. .. .. 13.7 .. .. .. .. ..
United States .. .. .. .. .. 30.6 .. .. .. .. ..
Uzbekistan .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 136.9
INDICATOR 6.4.2
Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources. The level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources is the ratio between total freshwater withdrawn by all major sectors and total renewable freshwater resources, after taking into account environmental water requirements. Main sectors, as defined by ISIC standards, include agriculture; forestry and fishing; manufacturing; electricity industry; and services. This indicator is also known as water withdrawal intensity.
TARGET 6.4
By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity.
GOAL 6
Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
See United Nations Global SDG Database

Footnote