Indicator 9.4.1

Indicator 9.4.1

Carbon dioxide emissions from fuel combustion, millions of tonnes

Carbon dioxide (CO2) from fuel combustion in millions of tonnes.

INDICATOR 9.4.1
Carbon dioxide emissions from fuel combustion. Carbon dioxide (CO2) from fuel combustion in millions of tonnes.
TARGET 9.4
By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities.
GOAL 9
Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
See United Nations Global SDG Database

Indicator 9.4.1

Indicator 9.4.1

Carbon dioxide emissions from fuel combustion, millions of tonnes

Heat map
Bubble map
INDICATOR 9.4.1
Carbon dioxide emissions from fuel combustion. Carbon dioxide (CO2) from fuel combustion in millions of tonnes.
TARGET 9.4
By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities.
GOAL 9
Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
See United Nations Global SDG Database

Indicator 9.4.1

Indicator 9.4.1

Carbon dioxide emissions from fuel combustion, millions of tonnes

INDICATOR 9.4.1
Carbon dioxide emissions from fuel combustion. Carbon dioxide (CO2) from fuel combustion in millions of tonnes.
TARGET 9.4
By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities.
GOAL 9
Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
See United Nations Global SDG Database

Indicator 9.4.1

Indicator 9.4.1

Carbon dioxide emissions from fuel combustion, millions of tonnes

Country 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Albania 3.825 3.792 3.776 3.709 3.766 3.930 4.142 3.485 3.646 4.123 3.825 3.674 4.342
Armenia 4.130 4.151 4.798 5.273 4.269 4.048 4.673 5.439 5.244 5.220 4.702 4.833 5.166
Austria 74.764 72.355 69.327 68.803 62.923 68.571 67.012 63.895 64.647 61.116 62.221 62.049 64.872
Azerbaijan 29.018 29.396 26.696 28.811 24.522 23.532 26.450 28.895 29.462 30.794 30.806 31.409 30.806
Belarus 55.014 57.239 55.727 58.444 55.318 59.498 56.382 57.596 57.549 56.802 52.618 53.063 54.070
Belgium 107.677 105.534 101.500 103.901 96.871 103.891 92.808 92.315 93.572 87.359 92.790 91.932 90.368
Bosnia and Herzegovina 15.858 17.462 18.415 20.240 20.204 20.483 23.401 21.645 21.510 19.172 19.306 22.019 22.328
Bulgaria 46.473 47.623 50.959 48.500 42.373 44.362 49.166 44.415 39.159 41.539 43.715 40.549 42.820
Canada 540.431 531.139 561.894 541.874 514.415 528.619 541.161 539.740 549.641 555.469 557.661 548.095 547.799
Croatia 19.917 19.977 21.222 20.164 19.065 18.249 17.950 16.420 15.901 15.117 15.513 15.859 16.193
Cyprus 7.048 7.114 7.425 7.579 7.502 7.261 7.001 6.516 5.630 5.777 5.901 6.269 6.368
Czechia 118.370 118.850 121.582 116.364 109.643 112.460 109.319 105.654 101.384 98.268 99.425 101.157 101.683
Denmark 48.495 56.404 51.640 48.660 46.925 47.254 42.056 36.891 38.634 34.441 31.948 33.487 31.264
Estonia 16.748 15.470 19.253 17.684 14.694 18.564 17.630 16.364 18.779 17.387 15.148 15.461 15.972
Finland 54.918 66.451 64.497 56.043 53.796 62.001 54.563 48.905 49.730 45.707 42.366 45.127 42.598
France 371.893 362.611 353.752 349.496 336.074 340.218 322.273 325.318 325.277 293.184 299.641 301.696 306.124
Georgia 4.066 4.526 5.453 4.667 5.292 4.995 5.954 6.610 6.685 7.720 8.383 8.809 8.720
Germany 786.664 799.103 766.722 775.187 720.205 758.803 731.225 744.674 763.769 723.177 729.684 734.487 718.794
Greece 95.156 94.104 97.903 94.352 90.158 83.369 82.117 76.986 68.845 65.727 64.543 63.077 63.213
Hungary 54.722 54.162 52.522 51.753 46.866 47.145 46.344 42.749 40.247 40.059 42.708 43.778 45.784
Iceland 2.235 2.273 2.320 2.122 2.080 1.949 1.869 1.860 2.032 2.048 2.057 2.065 2.173
Ireland 44.420 45.457 44.642 44.244 39.680 39.517 35.381 35.912 34.598 34.075 35.342 36.863 35.720
Israel 58.797 62.007 64.268 64.479 63.854 68.438 67.512 73.752 64.879 62.477 63.928 63.082 63.766
Italy 456.432 449.184 441.461 428.854 383.717 391.992 384.107 366.677 337.576 319.155 329.662 325.657 321.481
Kazakhstan 156.902 172.937 187.205 230.259 202.716 221.101 234.817 233.846 249.160 229.816 245.763 254.928 255.768
Kyrgyzstan 4.892 4.877 5.963 7.006 6.522 6.040 7.211 9.564 8.751 9.032 9.897 9.299 8.909
Latvia 7.581 8.031 8.360 7.938 7.186 8.088 7.340 6.996 6.910 6.724 6.846 6.799 6.680
Lithuania 12.444 12.502 12.684 12.611 11.407 12.315 11.525 11.531 10.869 10.463 10.550 10.750 10.811
Luxembourg 11.493 11.302 10.704 10.640 10.085 10.664 10.515 10.311 9.781 9.288 8.805 8.502 8.631
Malta 2.622 2.646 2.711 2.719 2.505 2.581 2.567 2.710 2.372 2.354 1.649 1.354 1.516
Montenegro 2.005 2.179 2.098 2.693 1.747 2.584 2.536 2.332 2.267 2.218 2.358 2.113 2.206
Netherlands 167.490 163.262 164.115 164.823 160.072 170.762 158.412 157.156 156.791 149.503 157.858 158.034 155.574
North Macedonia 8.917 8.913 9.340 9.125 8.502 8.320 9.149 8.793 7.854 7.437 7.134 6.948 7.441
Norway 34.500 35.462 36.038 35.306 35.683 37.291 36.219 35.891 35.760 35.560 35.891 35.281 34.761
Poland 296.261 308.078 306.295 301.597 291.472 307.493 303.188 296.941 292.407 279.259 282.708 293.211 305.842
Portugal 61.386 56.445 54.632 52.832 53.077 47.561 47.055 45.670 43.741 42.835 46.931 46.423 50.758
Republic of Moldova 7.810 7.518 7.436 7.360 7.299 7.947 7.919 7.698 6.705 7.249 7.579 7.711 7.527
Romania 92.633 95.286 92.382 91.071 77.431 74.725 80.859 78.579 69.312 68.467 69.559 67.963 70.789
Russian Federation 1481.900 1537.700 1533.720 1553.840 1440.680 1529.230 1604.740 1607.950 1568.530 1551.610 1534.460 1510.560 1536.880
Serbia 50.320 52.465 51.238 49.905 45.956 45.610 49.776 44.570 45.374 38.045 44.460 45.474 46.130
Slovakia 37.262 36.484 35.705 35.424 32.609 34.572 32.855 31.251 31.785 29.171 29.445 30.160 32.212
Slovenia 15.443 15.799 15.753 16.798 15.110 15.447 15.427 14.858 14.212 12.756 12.805 13.586 13.411
Spain 333.710 325.037 337.863 309.774 276.086 262.055 264.874 260.512 235.162 232.064 247.067 237.400 253.423
Sweden 49.106 46.628 44.988 42.956 40.726 46.063 42.354 39.246 37.567 37.295 37.112 37.989 37.644
Switzerland 44.007 43.629 41.660 43.113 41.826 43.258 39.234 40.666 41.666 37.869 37.323 37.852 37.136
Tajikistan 2.347 2.549 3.115 2.948 2.310 2.303 2.418 2.892 3.007 4.022 4.212 5.428 5.844
Turkey 215.893 240.255 266.198 262.367 261.279 267.846 287.199 298.433 285.183 307.172 318.974 338.874 378.631
Turkmenistan 48.103 49.212 55.833 56.461 49.959 56.920 61.796 64.094 65.505 67.017 69.105 68.972 68.999
Ukraine 290.620 298.505 305.977 295.035 249.698 266.581 279.618 274.008 265.198 234.311 187.590 197.626 171.300
United Kingdom 531.649 532.900 521.733 507.897 460.084 476.626 439.179 461.442 447.003 408.663 394.115 372.558 358.731
United States 5703.220 5602.450 5686.720 5512.510 5120.690 5352.120 5128.180 4903.010 5038.520 5046.560 4928.610 4838.480 4761.300
Uzbekistan 105.600 111.358 110.030 115.109 103.376 100.563 110.038 113.436 103.301 104.046 92.162 81.343 81.156
Country 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Albania 3.825 3.792 3.776 3.709 3.766 3.930 4.142 3.485 3.646 4.123 3.825 3.674 4.342
Armenia 4.130 4.151 4.798 5.273 4.269 4.048 4.673 5.439 5.244 5.220 4.702 4.833 5.166
Austria 74.764 72.355 69.327 68.803 62.923 68.571 67.012 63.895 64.647 61.116 62.221 62.049 64.872
Azerbaijan 29.018 29.396 26.696 28.811 24.522 23.532 26.450 28.895 29.462 30.794 30.806 31.409 30.806
Belarus 55.014 57.239 55.727 58.444 55.318 59.498 56.382 57.596 57.549 56.802 52.618 53.063 54.070
Belgium 107.677 105.534 101.500 103.901 96.871 103.891 92.808 92.315 93.572 87.359 92.790 91.932 90.368
Bosnia and Herzegovina 15.858 17.462 18.415 20.240 20.204 20.483 23.401 21.645 21.510 19.172 19.306 22.019 22.328
Bulgaria 46.473 47.623 50.959 48.500 42.373 44.362 49.166 44.415 39.159 41.539 43.715 40.549 42.820
Canada 540.431 531.139 561.894 541.874 514.415 528.619 541.161 539.740 549.641 555.469 557.661 548.095 547.799
Croatia 19.917 19.977 21.222 20.164 19.065 18.249 17.950 16.420 15.901 15.117 15.513 15.859 16.193
Cyprus 7.048 7.114 7.425 7.579 7.502 7.261 7.001 6.516 5.630 5.777 5.901 6.269 6.368
Czechia 118.370 118.850 121.582 116.364 109.643 112.460 109.319 105.654 101.384 98.268 99.425 101.157 101.683
Denmark 48.495 56.404 51.640 48.660 46.925 47.254 42.056 36.891 38.634 34.441 31.948 33.487 31.264
Estonia 16.748 15.470 19.253 17.684 14.694 18.564 17.630 16.364 18.779 17.387 15.148 15.461 15.972
Finland 54.918 66.451 64.497 56.043 53.796 62.001 54.563 48.905 49.730 45.707 42.366 45.127 42.598
France 371.893 362.611 353.752 349.496 336.074 340.218 322.273 325.318 325.277 293.184 299.641 301.696 306.124
Georgia 4.066 4.526 5.453 4.667 5.292 4.995 5.954 6.610 6.685 7.720 8.383 8.809 8.720
Germany 786.664 799.103 766.722 775.187 720.205 758.803 731.225 744.674 763.769 723.177 729.684 734.487 718.794
Greece 95.156 94.104 97.903 94.352 90.158 83.369 82.117 76.986 68.845 65.727 64.543 63.077 63.213
Hungary 54.722 54.162 52.522 51.753 46.866 47.145 46.344 42.749 40.247 40.059 42.708 43.778 45.784
Iceland 2.235 2.273 2.320 2.122 2.080 1.949 1.869 1.860 2.032 2.048 2.057 2.065 2.173
Ireland 44.420 45.457 44.642 44.244 39.680 39.517 35.381 35.912 34.598 34.075 35.342 36.863 35.720
Israel 58.797 62.007 64.268 64.479 63.854 68.438 67.512 73.752 64.879 62.477 63.928 63.082 63.766
Italy 456.432 449.184 441.461 428.854 383.717 391.992 384.107 366.677 337.576 319.155 329.662 325.657 321.481
Kazakhstan 156.902 172.937 187.205 230.259 202.716 221.101 234.817 233.846 249.160 229.816 245.763 254.928 255.768
Kyrgyzstan 4.892 4.877 5.963 7.006 6.522 6.040 7.211 9.564 8.751 9.032 9.897 9.299 8.909
Latvia 7.581 8.031 8.360 7.938 7.186 8.088 7.340 6.996 6.910 6.724 6.846 6.799 6.680
Lithuania 12.444 12.502 12.684 12.611 11.407 12.315 11.525 11.531 10.869 10.463 10.550 10.750 10.811
Luxembourg 11.493 11.302 10.704 10.640 10.085 10.664 10.515 10.311 9.781 9.288 8.805 8.502 8.631
Malta 2.622 2.646 2.711 2.719 2.505 2.581 2.567 2.710 2.372 2.354 1.649 1.354 1.516
Montenegro 2.005 2.179 2.098 2.693 1.747 2.584 2.536 2.332 2.267 2.218 2.358 2.113 2.206
Netherlands 167.490 163.262 164.115 164.823 160.072 170.762 158.412 157.156 156.791 149.503 157.858 158.034 155.574
North Macedonia 8.917 8.913 9.340 9.125 8.502 8.320 9.149 8.793 7.854 7.437 7.134 6.948 7.441
Norway 34.500 35.462 36.038 35.306 35.683 37.291 36.219 35.891 35.760 35.560 35.891 35.281 34.761
Poland 296.261 308.078 306.295 301.597 291.472 307.493 303.188 296.941 292.407 279.259 282.708 293.211 305.842
Portugal 61.386 56.445 54.632 52.832 53.077 47.561 47.055 45.670 43.741 42.835 46.931 46.423 50.758
Republic of Moldova 7.810 7.518 7.436 7.360 7.299 7.947 7.919 7.698 6.705 7.249 7.579 7.711 7.527
Romania 92.633 95.286 92.382 91.071 77.431 74.725 80.859 78.579 69.312 68.467 69.559 67.963 70.789
Russian Federation 1481.900 1537.700 1533.720 1553.840 1440.680 1529.230 1604.740 1607.950 1568.530 1551.610 1534.460 1510.560 1536.880
Serbia 50.320 52.465 51.238 49.905 45.956 45.610 49.776 44.570 45.374 38.045 44.460 45.474 46.130
Slovakia 37.262 36.484 35.705 35.424 32.609 34.572 32.855 31.251 31.785 29.171 29.445 30.160 32.212
Slovenia 15.443 15.799 15.753 16.798 15.110 15.447 15.427 14.858 14.212 12.756 12.805 13.586 13.411
Spain 333.710 325.037 337.863 309.774 276.086 262.055 264.874 260.512 235.162 232.064 247.067 237.400 253.423
Sweden 49.106 46.628 44.988 42.956 40.726 46.063 42.354 39.246 37.567 37.295 37.112 37.989 37.644
Switzerland 44.007 43.629 41.660 43.113 41.826 43.258 39.234 40.666 41.666 37.869 37.323 37.852 37.136
Tajikistan 2.347 2.549 3.115 2.948 2.310 2.303 2.418 2.892 3.007 4.022 4.212 5.428 5.844
Turkey 215.893 240.255 266.198 262.367 261.279 267.846 287.199 298.433 285.183 307.172 318.974 338.874 378.631
Turkmenistan 48.103 49.212 55.833 56.461 49.959 56.920 61.796 64.094 65.505 67.017 69.105 68.972 68.999
Ukraine 290.620 298.505 305.977 295.035 249.698 266.581 279.618 274.008 265.198 234.311 187.590 197.626 171.300
United Kingdom 531.649 532.900 521.733 507.897 460.084 476.626 439.179 461.442 447.003 408.663 394.115 372.558 358.731
United States 5703.220 5602.450 5686.720 5512.510 5120.690 5352.120 5128.180 4903.010 5038.520 5046.560 4928.610 4838.480 4761.300
Uzbekistan 105.600 111.358 110.030 115.109 103.376 100.563 110.038 113.436 103.301 104.046 92.162 81.343 81.156
INDICATOR 9.4.1
Carbon dioxide emissions from fuel combustion. Carbon dioxide (CO2) from fuel combustion in millions of tonnes.
TARGET 9.4
By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities.
GOAL 9
Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
See United Nations Global SDG Database

Footnote