Indicator 11.6.2

Indicator 11.6.2

Annual mean levels of fine particulate matter in cities, urban population, micrograms per cubic meter

The mean annual concentration of fine suspended particles of less than 2.5 microns in diameters (PM2.5) is a common measure of air pollution. The mean is a population-weighted average for urban population in a country, and is expressed in micrograms per cubic meter.

INDICATOR 11.6.2
Annual mean levels of fine particulate matter in cities, urban population. The mean annual concentration of fine suspended particles of less than 2.5 microns in diameters (PM2.5) is a common measure of air pollution. The mean is a population-weighted average for urban population in a country, and is expressed in micrograms per cubic meter.
TARGET 11.6
By 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management.
GOAL 11
Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
See United Nations Global SDG Database

Indicator 11.6.2

Indicator 11.6.2

Annual mean levels of fine particulate matter in cities, urban population, micrograms per cubic meter

Heat map
Bubble map
INDICATOR 11.6.2
Annual mean levels of fine particulate matter in cities, urban population. The mean annual concentration of fine suspended particles of less than 2.5 microns in diameters (PM2.5) is a common measure of air pollution. The mean is a population-weighted average for urban population in a country, and is expressed in micrograms per cubic meter.
TARGET 11.6
By 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management.
GOAL 11
Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
See United Nations Global SDG Database

Indicator 11.6.2

Indicator 11.6.2

Annual mean levels of fine particulate matter in cities, urban population, micrograms per cubic meter

INDICATOR 11.6.2
Annual mean levels of fine particulate matter in cities, urban population. The mean annual concentration of fine suspended particles of less than 2.5 microns in diameters (PM2.5) is a common measure of air pollution. The mean is a population-weighted average for urban population in a country, and is expressed in micrograms per cubic meter.
TARGET 11.6
By 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management.
GOAL 11
Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
See United Nations Global SDG Database

Indicator 11.6.2

Indicator 11.6.2

Annual mean levels of fine particulate matter in cities, urban population, micrograms per cubic meter

Country 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Albania 22.0289 23.1062 21.7929 19.8845 19.1626 19.0841 18.1957 19.0661 19.8072 16.3842
Andorra 12.1069 12.3569 11.4347 10.7627 9.9180 10.5464 9.6147 9.8894 9.7781 9.0697
Armenia 40.9154 46.8947 46.9759 43.4502 40.8284 40.9617 39.8573 38.0529 37.7039 34.4682
Austria 17.0291 17.4036 15.4503 15.1894 14.1090 14.8708 13.3075 13.3333 13.6906 12.4774
Azerbaijan 30.3707 34.4311 34.6625 32.0307 30.5569 30.0726 28.5836 27.9673 27.7985 25.0578
Belarus 22.6979 20.6281 19.9460 20.3749 21.4628 18.7377 16.7813 16.3031 18.2344 17.5847
Belgium 16.5890 16.8084 15.0928 14.8828 13.5402 13.6828 12.7447 12.7092 12.5121 11.6125
Bosnia and Herzegovina 39.0930 40.9600 38.6773 35.3310 36.0164 34.4414 33.3314 35.6002 35.8449 29.4394
Bulgaria 25.8367 26.2681 24.0317 22.8589 22.8956 22.0503 21.1488 21.8487 21.8955 18.6034
Canada 8.2147 8.3324 8.1444 7.8305 7.6997 7.5279 6.6373 7.2452 7.4598 6.7442
Croatia 21.6168 22.7309 20.5350 19.5542 19.7120 19.2823 18.3091 18.8319 19.5606 15.7883
Cyprus 19.8624 18.8194 17.3489 17.2419 15.9232 16.1678 14.6281 15.6259 16.4483 15.5344
Czechia 21.1626 21.7010 19.6254 18.8616 19.0792 18.2437 17.3135 17.6857 18.1377 14.9145
Denmark 12.8779 13.5856 11.9685 11.4744 10.8693 11.1956 10.2135 10.4201 10.4626 10.1101
Estonia 8.7933 7.9552 7.7424 7.9061 8.1861 7.0018 6.4225 6.1003 6.9476 6.6003
Finland 8.2254 8.2214 7.3449 7.2184 6.6946 6.7119 6.2082 6.1423 6.3422 6.1796
France 15.8625 16.1453 14.5407 14.1675 12.9995 13.3210 12.2749 12.3188 12.1982 11.3598
Georgia 24.2390 27.9581 27.9406 25.7755 24.3627 24.1297 23.4107 22.4254 22.1890 20.3321
Germany 15.7300 16.0946 14.3362 13.8375 12.9986 13.1616 12.1305 12.2520 12.1241 11.1536
Greece 21.0118 20.7899 18.8531 18.4241 16.6157 17.4816 16.1029 16.1486 16.6199 15.5829
Hungary 20.2056 21.0138 18.7414 18.0684 18.3690 17.8193 16.7728 17.2168 17.8302 14.7709
Iceland 7.4656 8.0730 7.1695 6.8962 6.5044 6.9336 6.1305 6.1965 6.3296 6.2326
Ireland 10.5299 11.2562 10.0132 9.8933 9.2761 9.6849 8.5346 8.6079 8.7712 8.6779
Israel 24.3915 23.8424 22.2533 22.2066 20.5659 21.7767 20.0110 19.6469 20.3041 19.5928
Italy 20.9116 21.5493 19.2271 18.6003 17.3411 17.9294 16.4140 16.3179 16.5371 14.7695
Kazakhstan 42.9365 49.2591 50.4011 46.7893 43.6680 43.6063 42.4802 40.7214 40.4218 37.2914
Kyrgyzstan 47.2883 54.2170 54.8387 51.4160 47.5087 47.6019 46.4311 44.4219 44.1331 40.1540
Latvia 19.6075 18.0029 17.2608 17.9671 18.4563 16.0120 14.4745 13.5216 15.1861 14.1933
Lithuania 15.6871 14.5007 13.9630 14.2852 14.6973 13.0082 11.6625 11.2190 12.5659 11.7595
Luxembourg 12.5662 12.8317 11.4903 11.2066 10.4336 10.6147 9.8978 9.9990 9.8587 9.0720
Malta 17.1203 16.4062 14.3216 14.2599 13.8544 13.7946 13.2130 12.5576 13.7300 12.8983
Monaco 11.8582 12.3138 11.0952 10.7224 9.9303 10.3640 9.4813 9.5926 9.8224 9.1830
Montenegro 23.8890 24.9916 24.8455 21.5054 21.3154 20.7027 19.7464 20.9614 21.5259 17.8650
Netherlands 15.1723 15.6945 13.8749 13.3310 12.6117 12.7036 11.7069 11.7405 11.5807 10.8578
North Macedonia 39.7306 42.2635 39.4514 35.5326 34.8175 33.8318 32.2291 33.4211 34.2396 28.8807
Norway 9.1770 9.6673 8.5009 8.2628 7.6441 7.8635 7.3117 7.3360 7.2715 7.2059
Poland 28.0596 28.7187 26.0353 24.8476 24.9483 23.9682 22.6537 23.2746 23.7691 19.9221
Portugal 10.9656 11.0900 9.7681 9.7658 8.2178 9.0072 8.7171 9.1803 8.1893 7.6316
Republic of Moldova 17.2613 16.1223 15.4139 15.4583 16.1338 14.0010 12.8771 12.3074 13.6316 12.7088
Romania 19.4669 20.1099 18.3317 17.1913 17.1270 16.5229 15.9314 16.4239 16.5473 14.1891
Russian Federation 13.3062 11.6509 11.4655 11.5850 12.0671 10.5661 9.6931 9.2991 10.2530 9.8885
San Marino 12.6870 13.0933 11.7985 11.4230 10.7210 11.1214 10.0597 10.2864 10.5202 9.6109
Serbia 30.1111 31.3711 28.4206 26.7547 26.8964 25.9110 24.7727 25.4625 26.3378 22.2456
Slovakia 22.1091 23.0689 20.6444 19.8503 19.8991 19.4238 18.3062 18.8218 19.3617 16.1799
Slovenia 20.4280 21.3047 19.4911 18.6979 18.6129 18.2468 17.3782 17.7594 18.4205 14.5880
Spain 13.3462 13.7149 12.4054 11.7708 10.8257 11.6216 10.4987 10.6301 10.5001 9.7780
Sweden 8.1956 8.4133 7.4827 7.1703 6.8120 6.8847 6.3417 6.3989 6.5546 6.4029
Switzerland 13.6498 13.9064 12.5377 12.1693 11.2360 11.5555 10.6696 10.5669 10.6802 9.5878
Tajikistan 65.4829 75.0363 76.1614 70.9088 66.3613 66.0596 64.8795 62.0171 61.7842 56.1321
Türkiye 24.4432 23.7651 23.2937 23.7232 23.4390 23.4228 22.9026 23.2406 23.5474 23.5311
Turkmenistan 30.3848 35.0729 35.3429 32.9441 31.1686 30.6302 30.0569 28.7661 28.9907 26.0289
Ukraine 18.4636 17.1988 16.3398 16.5128 17.2777 15.2340 13.8321 13.4207 14.7485 14.0421
United Kingdom 13.4399 13.6683 12.3616 12.0479 11.1619 11.2798 10.3711 10.2748 10.2303 9.6847
United States 9.6409 9.7187 9.4307 9.1004 8.9570 8.6141 7.8181 8.2527 8.4442 7.4399
Uzbekistan 52.8146 60.6007 61.4596 57.2056 53.4183 53.1396 52.0132 49.6879 49.1182 44.8812
Country 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Albania 22.0289 23.1062 21.7929 19.8845 19.1626 19.0841 18.1957 19.0661 19.8072 16.3842
Andorra 12.1069 12.3569 11.4347 10.7627 9.9180 10.5464 9.6147 9.8894 9.7781 9.0697
Armenia 40.9154 46.8947 46.9759 43.4502 40.8284 40.9617 39.8573 38.0529 37.7039 34.4682
Austria 17.0291 17.4036 15.4503 15.1894 14.1090 14.8708 13.3075 13.3333 13.6906 12.4774
Azerbaijan 30.3707 34.4311 34.6625 32.0307 30.5569 30.0726 28.5836 27.9673 27.7985 25.0578
Belarus 22.6979 20.6281 19.9460 20.3749 21.4628 18.7377 16.7813 16.3031 18.2344 17.5847
Belgium 16.5890 16.8084 15.0928 14.8828 13.5402 13.6828 12.7447 12.7092 12.5121 11.6125
Bosnia and Herzegovina 39.0930 40.9600 38.6773 35.3310 36.0164 34.4414 33.3314 35.6002 35.8449 29.4394
Bulgaria 25.8367 26.2681 24.0317 22.8589 22.8956 22.0503 21.1488 21.8487 21.8955 18.6034
Canada 8.2147 8.3324 8.1444 7.8305 7.6997 7.5279 6.6373 7.2452 7.4598 6.7442
Croatia 21.6168 22.7309 20.5350 19.5542 19.7120 19.2823 18.3091 18.8319 19.5606 15.7883
Cyprus 19.8624 18.8194 17.3489 17.2419 15.9232 16.1678 14.6281 15.6259 16.4483 15.5344
Czechia 21.1626 21.7010 19.6254 18.8616 19.0792 18.2437 17.3135 17.6857 18.1377 14.9145
Denmark 12.8779 13.5856 11.9685 11.4744 10.8693 11.1956 10.2135 10.4201 10.4626 10.1101
Estonia 8.7933 7.9552 7.7424 7.9061 8.1861 7.0018 6.4225 6.1003 6.9476 6.6003
Finland 8.2254 8.2214 7.3449 7.2184 6.6946 6.7119 6.2082 6.1423 6.3422 6.1796
France 15.8625 16.1453 14.5407 14.1675 12.9995 13.3210 12.2749 12.3188 12.1982 11.3598
Georgia 24.2390 27.9581 27.9406 25.7755 24.3627 24.1297 23.4107 22.4254 22.1890 20.3321
Germany 15.7300 16.0946 14.3362 13.8375 12.9986 13.1616 12.1305 12.2520 12.1241 11.1536
Greece 21.0118 20.7899 18.8531 18.4241 16.6157 17.4816 16.1029 16.1486 16.6199 15.5829
Hungary 20.2056 21.0138 18.7414 18.0684 18.3690 17.8193 16.7728 17.2168 17.8302 14.7709
Iceland 7.4656 8.0730 7.1695 6.8962 6.5044 6.9336 6.1305 6.1965 6.3296 6.2326
Ireland 10.5299 11.2562 10.0132 9.8933 9.2761 9.6849 8.5346 8.6079 8.7712 8.6779
Israel 24.3915 23.8424 22.2533 22.2066 20.5659 21.7767 20.0110 19.6469 20.3041 19.5928
Italy 20.9116 21.5493 19.2271 18.6003 17.3411 17.9294 16.4140 16.3179 16.5371 14.7695
Kazakhstan 42.9365 49.2591 50.4011 46.7893 43.6680 43.6063 42.4802 40.7214 40.4218 37.2914
Kyrgyzstan 47.2883 54.2170 54.8387 51.4160 47.5087 47.6019 46.4311 44.4219 44.1331 40.1540
Latvia 19.6075 18.0029 17.2608 17.9671 18.4563 16.0120 14.4745 13.5216 15.1861 14.1933
Lithuania 15.6871 14.5007 13.9630 14.2852 14.6973 13.0082 11.6625 11.2190 12.5659 11.7595
Luxembourg 12.5662 12.8317 11.4903 11.2066 10.4336 10.6147 9.8978 9.9990 9.8587 9.0720
Malta 17.1203 16.4062 14.3216 14.2599 13.8544 13.7946 13.2130 12.5576 13.7300 12.8983
Monaco 11.8582 12.3138 11.0952 10.7224 9.9303 10.3640 9.4813 9.5926 9.8224 9.1830
Montenegro 23.8890 24.9916 24.8455 21.5054 21.3154 20.7027 19.7464 20.9614 21.5259 17.8650
Netherlands 15.1723 15.6945 13.8749 13.3310 12.6117 12.7036 11.7069 11.7405 11.5807 10.8578
North Macedonia 39.7306 42.2635 39.4514 35.5326 34.8175 33.8318 32.2291 33.4211 34.2396 28.8807
Norway 9.1770 9.6673 8.5009 8.2628 7.6441 7.8635 7.3117 7.3360 7.2715 7.2059
Poland 28.0596 28.7187 26.0353 24.8476 24.9483 23.9682 22.6537 23.2746 23.7691 19.9221
Portugal 10.9656 11.0900 9.7681 9.7658 8.2178 9.0072 8.7171 9.1803 8.1893 7.6316
Republic of Moldova 17.2613 16.1223 15.4139 15.4583 16.1338 14.0010 12.8771 12.3074 13.6316 12.7088
Romania 19.4669 20.1099 18.3317 17.1913 17.1270 16.5229 15.9314 16.4239 16.5473 14.1891
Russian Federation 13.3062 11.6509 11.4655 11.5850 12.0671 10.5661 9.6931 9.2991 10.2530 9.8885
San Marino 12.6870 13.0933 11.7985 11.4230 10.7210 11.1214 10.0597 10.2864 10.5202 9.6109
Serbia 30.1111 31.3711 28.4206 26.7547 26.8964 25.9110 24.7727 25.4625 26.3378 22.2456
Slovakia 22.1091 23.0689 20.6444 19.8503 19.8991 19.4238 18.3062 18.8218 19.3617 16.1799
Slovenia 20.4280 21.3047 19.4911 18.6979 18.6129 18.2468 17.3782 17.7594 18.4205 14.5880
Spain 13.3462 13.7149 12.4054 11.7708 10.8257 11.6216 10.4987 10.6301 10.5001 9.7780
Sweden 8.1956 8.4133 7.4827 7.1703 6.8120 6.8847 6.3417 6.3989 6.5546 6.4029
Switzerland 13.6498 13.9064 12.5377 12.1693 11.2360 11.5555 10.6696 10.5669 10.6802 9.5878
Tajikistan 65.4829 75.0363 76.1614 70.9088 66.3613 66.0596 64.8795 62.0171 61.7842 56.1321
Türkiye 24.4432 23.7651 23.2937 23.7232 23.4390 23.4228 22.9026 23.2406 23.5474 23.5311
Turkmenistan 30.3848 35.0729 35.3429 32.9441 31.1686 30.6302 30.0569 28.7661 28.9907 26.0289
Ukraine 18.4636 17.1988 16.3398 16.5128 17.2777 15.2340 13.8321 13.4207 14.7485 14.0421
United Kingdom 13.4399 13.6683 12.3616 12.0479 11.1619 11.2798 10.3711 10.2748 10.2303 9.6847
United States 9.6409 9.7187 9.4307 9.1004 8.9570 8.6141 7.8181 8.2527 8.4442 7.4399
Uzbekistan 52.8146 60.6007 61.4596 57.2056 53.4183 53.1396 52.0132 49.6879 49.1182 44.8812
INDICATOR 11.6.2
Annual mean levels of fine particulate matter in cities, urban population. The mean annual concentration of fine suspended particles of less than 2.5 microns in diameters (PM2.5) is a common measure of air pollution. The mean is a population-weighted average for urban population in a country, and is expressed in micrograms per cubic meter.
TARGET 11.6
By 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management.
GOAL 11
Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
See United Nations Global SDG Database

Footnote