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Gender pay gap in monthly earning



Gender pay gap in monthly earning
Percent

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Country 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Albania .. .. .. 14.7 11.5 .. .. .. .. 10.1 11.5 11.4 10.5 ..
Andorra .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 19.0 ..
Azerbaijan 53.8 52.6 49.5 43.2 41.4 45.2 48.9 53.1 52.5 45.3 46.1 49.7 49.4 ..
Austria 34.1 34.2 36.7 35.3 36.7 33.9 33.6 36.3 36.1 35.1 35.2 34.3 33.9 ..
Armenia 42.5 40.8 40.8 41.8 39.2 35.9 35.3 35.6 34.4 34.1 33.5 33.6 32.5 ..
Belgium 24.7 23.6 23.5 22.9 21.9 21.7 21.1 20.4 20.2 20.2 20.0 20.2 .. ..
Bulgaria 17.7 16.8 16.6 17.9 19.2 19.4 19.3 20.5 19.7 20.1 21.2 20.1 20.1 ..
Belarus 20.9 20.1 21.6 26.1 25.4 23.4 26.3 25.5 25.5 23.4 23.8 21.5 25.4 ..
Canada 27.3 27.2 26.9 27.0 25.8 25.8 24.7 24.9 24.7 24.7 24.4 23.8 23.3 ..
Croatia 10.6 11.0 10.8 11.1 10.6 10.2 10.0 9.8 10.2 11.3 11.3 13.2 .. ..
Cyprus .. 25.1 .. .. .. 19.5 .. .. .. 15.1 .. .. .. ..
Czechia 24.9 24.6 24.8 25.9 25.2 24.9 22.2 22.1 21.7 21.9 21.9 21.1 20.7 ..
Denmark .. 21.4 .. .. .. 19.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Estonia 31.2 32.7 31.0 30.9 27.9 31.1 31.0 33.8 30.7 23.6 25.0 22.7 23.8 ..
Finland 19.1 19.8 19.8 19.2 18.9 18.5 18.0 18.1 17.8 17.2 17.0 17.3 16.7 ..
France .. 18.1 .. .. .. 23.8 .. .. .. 23.4 .. .. .. ..
Georgia 51.0 50.9 49.5 45.8 42.3 42.6 40.3 39.8 36.4 36.9 35.5 34.5 35.7 ..
Germany .. 20.9 .. .. .. 19.0 .. .. .. 18.1 .. .. .. ..
Greece .. 23.8 .. .. .. 17.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Hungary .. 16.6 18.5 18.9 18.4 19.3 19.6 22.2 20.7 17.3 17.0 17.6 .. ..
Iceland 30.6 30.7 30.8 28.3 23.8 22.7 23.0 22.7 22.7 21.9 21.0 21.8 19.9 ..
Ireland .. .. .. .. .. .. 24.2 24.6 25.7 26.0 .. .. .. ..
Israel 36.8 36.6 35.8 36.9 34.1 34.3 33.9 32.6 31.9 33.1 32.8 34.6 31.4 ..
Italy .. 26.4 27.0 24.8 25.1 14.6 .. .. .. 17.5 .. .. .. ..
Kazakhstan 38.9 37.7 34.2 36.2 33.8 34.0 32.0 30.5 32.2 33.0 34.1 31.4 32.2 ..
Kyrgyzstan 37.5 34.2 32.7 32.7 36.1 36.4 21.6 25.7 26.7 28.9 24.5 24.7 27.5 ..
Latvia 18.1 17.6 16.1 15.1 16.0 18.4 16.5 16.8 16.9 17.0 16.1 17.1 15.3 ..
Liechtenstein 20.2 20.0 .. 19.5 .. 17.8 .. 17.2 .. 16.5 .. 15.2 .. ..
Lithuania 17.6 17.8 20.7 19.1 12.8 14.3 13.5 13.5 14.3 15.0 15.5 15.6 15.1 ..
Luxembourg 19.2 18.7 17.7 17.3 .. .. .. .. .. 7.8 .. .. 7.6 ..
Malta .. 14.0 .. .. .. 15.3 .. .. .. 18.4 24.5 23.4 .. ..
Republic of Moldova 18.2 13.9 18.0 19.8 18.4 20.4 2.8 3.9 8.9 7.7 13.2 14.5 13.5 ..
Netherlands 41.4 44.5 43.9 43.1 42.8 42.6 42.4 41.7 41.0 40.4 39.9 39.1 38.3 ..
Norway 15.3 15.4 15.7 16.1 15.3 15.0 14.7 13.5 14.2 13.6 13.9 14.7 13.9 13.3
Poland .. 17.8 .. 18.7 .. 15.0 .. 16.7 .. 17.1 .. 15.6 .. ..
Portugal .. 12.7 .. .. .. 16.9 .. .. .. 18.1 .. .. .. ..
Romania 14.1 13.1 10.6 6.3 6.9 11.0 11.9 9.9 7.8 7.4 7.3 6.7 3.7 ..
Russian Federation 36.3 .. 34.1 .. 32.1 .. 32.1 .. 25.8 .. .. .. .. ..
Serbia 7.3 6.7 3.7 4.8 3.5 7.0 8.9 10.1 11.7 13.1 16.7 17.8 18.0 ..
Slovakia 28.4 26.9 25.8 24.0 25.3 24.6 24.3 24.1 22.5 23.1 22.4 22.0 22.1 ..
Slovenia 6.9 6.9 7.8 7.2 2.9 3.7 4.6 5.1 5.4 5.3 5.9 5.9 5.9 ..
Spain 27.5 26.3 25.6 21.9 22.0 22.5 23.0 23.9 24.0 23.3 22.9 22.3 .. ..
Sweden 16.3 15.9 16.1 16.0 14.6 14.4 14.1 14.0 13.7 13.1 12.3 12.0 11.2 ..
Switzerland .. 18.9 .. 19.3 .. 18.4 .. 22.1 .. 15.1 .. 14.6 .. ..
Tajikistan 48.0 44.6 43.3 38.7 40.3 44.0 50.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Ukraine 29.1 27.2 27.1 24.8 22.8 22.2 25.1 22.4 22.8 23.7 25.1 25.3 21.2 ..
North Macedonia .. .. .. .. .. 6.7 .. .. .. 8.8 .. .. .. ..
United Kingdom 21.1 20.9 20.8 21.0 19.8 18.3 18.2 17.8 17.5 17.4 17.1 16.8 16.5 ..
United States 41.4 39.1 37.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Country 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Albania .. .. .. 14.7 11.5 .. .. .. .. 10.1 11.5 11.4 10.5 ..
Andorra .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 19.0 ..
Azerbaijan 53.8 52.6 49.5 43.2 41.4 45.2 48.9 53.1 52.5 45.3 46.1 49.7 49.4 ..
Austria 34.1 34.2 36.7 35.3 36.7 33.9 33.6 36.3 36.1 35.1 35.2 34.3 33.9 ..
Armenia 42.5 40.8 40.8 41.8 39.2 35.9 35.3 35.6 34.4 34.1 33.5 33.6 32.5 ..
Belgium 24.7 23.6 23.5 22.9 21.9 21.7 21.1 20.4 20.2 20.2 20.0 20.2 .. ..
Bulgaria 17.7 16.8 16.6 17.9 19.2 19.4 19.3 20.5 19.7 20.1 21.2 20.1 20.1 ..
Belarus 20.9 20.1 21.6 26.1 25.4 23.4 26.3 25.5 25.5 23.4 23.8 21.5 25.4 ..
Canada 27.3 27.2 26.9 27.0 25.8 25.8 24.7 24.9 24.7 24.7 24.4 23.8 23.3 ..
Croatia 10.6 11.0 10.8 11.1 10.6 10.2 10.0 9.8 10.2 11.3 11.3 13.2 .. ..
Cyprus .. 25.1 .. .. .. 19.5 .. .. .. 15.1 .. .. .. ..
Czechia 24.9 24.6 24.8 25.9 25.2 24.9 22.2 22.1 21.7 21.9 21.9 21.1 20.7 ..
Denmark .. 21.4 .. .. .. 19.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Estonia 31.2 32.7 31.0 30.9 27.9 31.1 31.0 33.8 30.7 23.6 25.0 22.7 23.8 ..
Finland 19.1 19.8 19.8 19.2 18.9 18.5 18.0 18.1 17.8 17.2 17.0 17.3 16.7 ..
France .. 18.1 .. .. .. 23.8 .. .. .. 23.4 .. .. .. ..
Georgia 51.0 50.9 49.5 45.8 42.3 42.6 40.3 39.8 36.4 36.9 35.5 34.5 35.7 ..
Germany .. 20.9 .. .. .. 19.0 .. .. .. 18.1 .. .. .. ..
Greece .. 23.8 .. .. .. 17.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Hungary .. 16.6 18.5 18.9 18.4 19.3 19.6 22.2 20.7 17.3 17.0 17.6 .. ..
Iceland 30.6 30.7 30.8 28.3 23.8 22.7 23.0 22.7 22.7 21.9 21.0 21.8 19.9 ..
Ireland .. .. .. .. .. .. 24.2 24.6 25.7 26.0 .. .. .. ..
Israel 36.8 36.6 35.8 36.9 34.1 34.3 33.9 32.6 31.9 33.1 32.8 34.6 31.4 ..
Italy .. 26.4 27.0 24.8 25.1 14.6 .. .. .. 17.5 .. .. .. ..
Kazakhstan 38.9 37.7 34.2 36.2 33.8 34.0 32.0 30.5 32.2 33.0 34.1 31.4 32.2 ..
Kyrgyzstan 37.5 34.2 32.7 32.7 36.1 36.4 21.6 25.7 26.7 28.9 24.5 24.7 27.5 ..
Latvia 18.1 17.6 16.1 15.1 16.0 18.4 16.5 16.8 16.9 17.0 16.1 17.1 15.3 ..
Liechtenstein 20.2 20.0 .. 19.5 .. 17.8 .. 17.2 .. 16.5 .. 15.2 .. ..
Lithuania 17.6 17.8 20.7 19.1 12.8 14.3 13.5 13.5 14.3 15.0 15.5 15.6 15.1 ..
Luxembourg 19.2 18.7 17.7 17.3 .. .. .. .. .. 7.8 .. .. 7.6 ..
Malta .. 14.0 .. .. .. 15.3 .. .. .. 18.4 24.5 23.4 .. ..
Republic of Moldova 18.2 13.9 18.0 19.8 18.4 20.4 2.8 3.9 8.9 7.7 13.2 14.5 13.5 ..
Netherlands 41.4 44.5 43.9 43.1 42.8 42.6 42.4 41.7 41.0 40.4 39.9 39.1 38.3 ..
Norway 15.3 15.4 15.7 16.1 15.3 15.0 14.7 13.5 14.2 13.6 13.9 14.7 13.9 13.3
Poland .. 17.8 .. 18.7 .. 15.0 .. 16.7 .. 17.1 .. 15.6 .. ..
Portugal .. 12.7 .. .. .. 16.9 .. .. .. 18.1 .. .. .. ..
Romania 14.1 13.1 10.6 6.3 6.9 11.0 11.9 9.9 7.8 7.4 7.3 6.7 3.7 ..
Russian Federation 36.3 .. 34.1 .. 32.1 .. 32.1 .. 25.8 .. .. .. .. ..
Serbia 7.3 6.7 3.7 4.8 3.5 7.0 8.9 10.1 11.7 13.1 16.7 17.8 18.0 ..
Slovakia 28.4 26.9 25.8 24.0 25.3 24.6 24.3 24.1 22.5 23.1 22.4 22.0 22.1 ..
Slovenia 6.9 6.9 7.8 7.2 2.9 3.7 4.6 5.1 5.4 5.3 5.9 5.9 5.9 ..
Spain 27.5 26.3 25.6 21.9 22.0 22.5 23.0 23.9 24.0 23.3 22.9 22.3 .. ..
Sweden 16.3 15.9 16.1 16.0 14.6 14.4 14.1 14.0 13.7 13.1 12.3 12.0 11.2 ..
Switzerland .. 18.9 .. 19.3 .. 18.4 .. 22.1 .. 15.1 .. 14.6 .. ..
Tajikistan 48.0 44.6 43.3 38.7 40.3 44.0 50.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Ukraine 29.1 27.2 27.1 24.8 22.8 22.2 25.1 22.4 22.8 23.7 25.1 25.3 21.2 ..
North Macedonia .. .. .. .. .. 6.7 .. .. .. 8.8 .. .. .. ..
United Kingdom 21.1 20.9 20.8 21.0 19.8 18.3 18.2 17.8 17.5 17.4 17.1 16.8 16.5 ..
United States 41.4 39.1 37.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..