Indicator 12.c.1 (b)

Indicator 12.c.1 (b)

Fossil-fuel pre-tax subsidies (consumption and production) per capita, current United States dollars

Fossil fuel subsidies at the national, regional and global level. Three sub-indicators are recommended for reporting on this indicator: 1) direct transfer of government funds; 2) induced transfers (price support); and as an optional sub-indicator 3) tax expenditure, other revenue foregone, and underpricing of goods and services.

INDICATOR 12.c.1 (b)
Fossil-fuel pre-tax subsidies (consumption and production) per capita. Fossil fuel subsidies at the national, regional and global level. Three sub-indicators are recommended for reporting on this indicator: 1) direct transfer of government funds; 2) induced transfers (price support); and as an optional sub-indicator 3) tax expenditure, other revenue foregone, and underpricing of goods and services.
TARGET 12.c
Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities
GOAL 12
Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
See United Nations Global SDG Database

Indicator 12.c.1 (b)

Indicator 12.c.1 (b)

Fossil-fuel pre-tax subsidies (consumption and production) per capita, current United States dollars

Heat map
Bubble map
INDICATOR 12.c.1 (b)
Fossil-fuel pre-tax subsidies (consumption and production) per capita. Fossil fuel subsidies at the national, regional and global level. Three sub-indicators are recommended for reporting on this indicator: 1) direct transfer of government funds; 2) induced transfers (price support); and as an optional sub-indicator 3) tax expenditure, other revenue foregone, and underpricing of goods and services.
TARGET 12.c
Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities
GOAL 12
Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
See United Nations Global SDG Database

Indicator 12.c.1 (b)

Indicator 12.c.1 (b)

Fossil-fuel pre-tax subsidies (consumption and production) per capita, current United States dollars

INDICATOR 12.c.1 (b)
Fossil-fuel pre-tax subsidies (consumption and production) per capita. Fossil fuel subsidies at the national, regional and global level. Three sub-indicators are recommended for reporting on this indicator: 1) direct transfer of government funds; 2) induced transfers (price support); and as an optional sub-indicator 3) tax expenditure, other revenue foregone, and underpricing of goods and services.
TARGET 12.c
Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities
GOAL 12
Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
See United Nations Global SDG Database

Indicator 12.c.1 (b)

Indicator 12.c.1 (b)

Fossil-fuel pre-tax subsidies (consumption and production) per capita, current United States dollars

Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Albania 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Armenia 10.9 7.6 7.6 1.5 1.6 4.0
Austria 86.8 89.1 91.2 97.8 100.8 62.0
Azerbaijan 47.6 124.7 0.0 90.2 78.2 14.9
Belarus 1.9 7.4 11.5 8.9 8.9 7.7
Belgium 218.9 229.0 279.5 293.4 310.6 297.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.9 2.3 3.8 4.1 12.2 4.7
Bulgaria 253.7 153.4 331.3 391.5 339.3 329.6
Canada 61.2 66.6 67.2 59.2 59.3 88.8
Croatia 21.6 22.1 31.9 30.5 18.9 9.4
Cyprus 23.9 128.5 56.2 0.0 0.0 53.5
Czechia 22.0 20.2 23.1 24.6 30.2 25.4
Denmark 155.9 150.5 202.8 228.6 229.0 253.9
Estonia 43.5 31.4 36.9 36.5 38.4 30.0
Finland 248.1 262.5 270.6 298.0 265.7 269.0
France 81.5 92.5 108.1 141.8 144.8 138.3
Georgia 2.6 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 13.5
Germany 116.7 123.7 114.9 118.5 104.8 114.8
Greece 231.0 202.8 224.5 224.5 210.6 208.4
Hungary 43.5 30.8 34.4 37.3 31.4 30.5
Iceland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ireland 483.0 470.9 509.2 573.1 540.3 433.6
Israel 117.9 122.6 133.4 136.8 136.7 126.7
Italy 189.4 183.6 160.0 182.2 187.0 170.4
Kazakhstan 183.4 240.0 301.5 430.3 329.5 227.3
Kyrgyzstan 72.9 53.7 80.4 81.4 86.7 52.5
Latvia 136.1 132.8 127.5 96.7 94.7 81.6
Lithuania 67.6 87.2 91.6 103.5 114.0 93.6
Luxembourg 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.6 3.6
Malta 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Montenegro 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Netherlands 10.2 19.1 20.5 21.1 20.8 19.1
North Macedonia 15.2 9.3 74.7 70.9 75.5 38.3
Norway 100.3 91.8 85.2 73.6 69.1 60.4
Poland 34.4 45.7 47.9 72.9 43.4 44.4
Portugal 23.5 26.4 43.8 43.4 49.8 54.7
Republic of Moldova 15.9 15.9 17.2 18.9 16.7 17.0
Romania 41.8 27.1 39.3 38.7 37.2 25.4
Russian Federation 31.5 48.0 70.4 118.8 102.7 63.4
Serbia 9.6 7.1 41.2 42.8 52.9 35.6
Slovakia 43.8 44.3 45.0 53.0 49.5 45.5
Slovenia 77.0 81.9 87.3 82.4 65.2 59.0
Spain 45.9 42.3 40.9 43.4 38.0 35.9
Sweden 147.4 145.1 143.7 131.0 169.7 166.4
Switzerland 295.9 297.1 287.5 296.8 300.8 178.1
Tajikistan 62.0 63.1 70.9 63.2 70.7 69.3
Türkiye 56.1 57.0 66.8 57.5 53.4 39.2
Turkmenistan 900.1 632.8 650.1 772.4 484.1 250.6
Ukraine 22.9 39.2 58.0 57.9 46.1 64.4
United Kingdom 335.6 227.0 236.8 203.0 207.5 186.0
United States 27.3 20.7 19.8 23.0 29.3 27.0
Uzbekistan 186.5 131.5 200.7 261.0 161.7 113.7
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Albania 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Armenia 10.9 7.6 7.6 1.5 1.6 4.0
Austria 86.8 89.1 91.2 97.8 100.8 62.0
Azerbaijan 47.6 124.7 0.0 90.2 78.2 14.9
Belarus 1.9 7.4 11.5 8.9 8.9 7.7
Belgium 218.9 229.0 279.5 293.4 310.6 297.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.9 2.3 3.8 4.1 12.2 4.7
Bulgaria 253.7 153.4 331.3 391.5 339.3 329.6
Canada 61.2 66.6 67.2 59.2 59.3 88.8
Croatia 21.6 22.1 31.9 30.5 18.9 9.4
Cyprus 23.9 128.5 56.2 0.0 0.0 53.5
Czechia 22.0 20.2 23.1 24.6 30.2 25.4
Denmark 155.9 150.5 202.8 228.6 229.0 253.9
Estonia 43.5 31.4 36.9 36.5 38.4 30.0
Finland 248.1 262.5 270.6 298.0 265.7 269.0
France 81.5 92.5 108.1 141.8 144.8 138.3
Georgia 2.6 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 13.5
Germany 116.7 123.7 114.9 118.5 104.8 114.8
Greece 231.0 202.8 224.5 224.5 210.6 208.4
Hungary 43.5 30.8 34.4 37.3 31.4 30.5
Iceland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ireland 483.0 470.9 509.2 573.1 540.3 433.6
Israel 117.9 122.6 133.4 136.8 136.7 126.7
Italy 189.4 183.6 160.0 182.2 187.0 170.4
Kazakhstan 183.4 240.0 301.5 430.3 329.5 227.3
Kyrgyzstan 72.9 53.7 80.4 81.4 86.7 52.5
Latvia 136.1 132.8 127.5 96.7 94.7 81.6
Lithuania 67.6 87.2 91.6 103.5 114.0 93.6
Luxembourg 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.6 3.6
Malta 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Montenegro 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Netherlands 10.2 19.1 20.5 21.1 20.8 19.1
North Macedonia 15.2 9.3 74.7 70.9 75.5 38.3
Norway 100.3 91.8 85.2 73.6 69.1 60.4
Poland 34.4 45.7 47.9 72.9 43.4 44.4
Portugal 23.5 26.4 43.8 43.4 49.8 54.7
Republic of Moldova 15.9 15.9 17.2 18.9 16.7 17.0
Romania 41.8 27.1 39.3 38.7 37.2 25.4
Russian Federation 31.5 48.0 70.4 118.8 102.7 63.4
Serbia 9.6 7.1 41.2 42.8 52.9 35.6
Slovakia 43.8 44.3 45.0 53.0 49.5 45.5
Slovenia 77.0 81.9 87.3 82.4 65.2 59.0
Spain 45.9 42.3 40.9 43.4 38.0 35.9
Sweden 147.4 145.1 143.7 131.0 169.7 166.4
Switzerland 295.9 297.1 287.5 296.8 300.8 178.1
Tajikistan 62.0 63.1 70.9 63.2 70.7 69.3
Türkiye 56.1 57.0 66.8 57.5 53.4 39.2
Turkmenistan 900.1 632.8 650.1 772.4 484.1 250.6
Ukraine 22.9 39.2 58.0 57.9 46.1 64.4
United Kingdom 335.6 227.0 236.8 203.0 207.5 186.0
United States 27.3 20.7 19.8 23.0 29.3 27.0
Uzbekistan 186.5 131.5 200.7 261.0 161.7 113.7
INDICATOR 12.c.1 (b)
Fossil-fuel pre-tax subsidies (consumption and production) per capita. Fossil fuel subsidies at the national, regional and global level. Three sub-indicators are recommended for reporting on this indicator: 1) direct transfer of government funds; 2) induced transfers (price support); and as an optional sub-indicator 3) tax expenditure, other revenue foregone, and underpricing of goods and services.
TARGET 12.c
Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities
GOAL 12
Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
See United Nations Global SDG Database

Footnote