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Unemployment rate



Unemployment rate
Percent

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Country 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Albania 14.1 13.8 13.4 13.1 13.8 14.0 14.0 13.4 15.9 17.5 17.1 15.2 13.8 ..
Azerbaijan 7.3 6.6 6.3 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.9 5.0 5.0 5.0 ..
Austria 5.6 5.3 4.9 4.1 5.3 4.8 4.6 4.9 5.4 5.6 5.7 6.0 5.5 4.9
Armenia 31.2 27.8 28.7 16.4 18.7 19.0 18.4 17.3 16.2 17.6 18.5 18.0 17.8 ..
Belgium 8.5 8.3 7.5 7.0 7.9 8.3 7.2 7.6 8.4 8.5 8.5 7.8 7.1 6.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina .. 31.1 29.0 23.4 24.1 27.2 27.6 28.0 27.5 27.5 27.7 25.4 20.5 ..
Bulgaria 10.1 9.0 6.9 5.6 6.8 10.3 11.3 12.3 13.0 11.4 9.2 7.6 6.2 5.2
Belarus .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 5.1 5.2 5.8 5.6 ..
Canada 6.8 6.3 6.0 6.1 8.3 8.1 7.5 7.3 7.1 6.9 6.9 7.0 6.3 ..
Croatia 13.0 11.6 9.9 8.6 9.3 11.8 13.7 15.8 17.4 17.2 16.1 13.4 11.0 8.4
Cyprus 5.3 4.6 3.9 3.7 5.4 6.3 7.9 11.9 15.9 16.1 15.0 13.0 11.1 8.4
Czechia 7.9 7.1 5.3 4.4 6.7 7.3 6.7 7.0 7.0 6.1 5.1 4.0 2.9 2.2
Denmark 4.8 3.9 3.8 3.4 6.0 7.5 7.6 7.5 7.0 6.6 6.2 6.2 5.7 5.0
Estonia 8.0 5.9 4.6 5.5 13.5 16.7 12.3 10.0 8.6 7.4 6.2 6.8 5.8 5.4
Finland 8.4 7.7 6.9 6.4 8.2 8.4 7.8 7.7 8.2 8.7 9.4 8.8 8.6 7.4
France 8.9 8.8 8.0 7.4 9.1 9.3 9.2 9.8 10.3 10.3 10.4 10.1 9.4 9.1
Georgia 15.1 15.4 17.4 17.9 18.3 17.4 17.3 17.2 16.9 14.6 14.1 14.0 13.9 ..
Germany 11.2 10.1 8.5 7.4 7.6 7.0 5.8 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.6 4.1 3.8 3.4
Greece 10.0 9.0 8.4 7.8 9.6 12.7 17.9 24.5 27.5 26.5 24.9 23.6 21.5 19.3
Hungary 7.2 7.5 7.4 7.8 10.0 11.2 11.0 11.0 10.2 7.7 6.8 5.1 4.2 3.7
Iceland 2.6 2.9 2.3 3.0 7.2 7.6 7.1 6.0 5.4 5.0 4.0 3.0 2.8 2.7
Ireland 4.6 4.8 5.0 6.8 12.6 14.6 15.4 15.5 13.8 11.9 10.0 8.4 6.7 5.8
Israel 9.0 8.4 7.3 6.1 7.5 6.6 5.6 6.9 6.3 5.9 5.2 4.8 4.2 ..
Italy 7.7 6.8 6.1 6.7 7.7 8.4 8.4 10.7 12.1 12.7 11.9 11.7 11.2 10.6
Kyrgyzstan 8.1 8.3 8.2 8.2 8.4 8.6 8.5 8.4 8.3 8.0 7.6 7.2 6.9 ..
Latvia 10.0 7.0 6.1 7.7 17.5 19.5 16.2 15.0 11.9 10.8 9.9 9.6 8.7 7.4
Lithuania 8.3 5.8 4.3 5.8 13.8 17.8 15.4 13.4 11.8 10.7 9.1 7.9 7.1 6.2
Luxembourg 4.6 4.6 4.2 4.9 5.1 4.6 4.8 5.1 5.9 6.0 6.5 6.3 5.6 5.5
Malta 6.9 6.8 6.5 6.0 6.9 6.8 6.4 6.2 6.1 5.7 5.4 4.7 4.0 3.7
Republic of Moldova 7.3 7.6 5.1 4.0 6.4 7.4 6.8 5.6 5.2 4.0 5.0 4.2 4.1 ..
Montenegro 30.3 29.6 19.4 16.8 19.1 19.7 19.7 19.7 19.5 18.0 17.6 17.7 16.1 ..
Netherlands 5.9 5.0 4.2 3.7 4.4 5.0 5.0 5.8 7.3 7.4 6.9 6.0 4.9 3.8
Norway 4.5 3.4 2.5 2.7 3.3 3.7 3.4 3.3 3.8 3.6 4.5 4.8 4.2 3.9
Poland 17.9 13.9 9.6 7.1 8.1 9.7 9.7 10.1 10.3 9.0 7.5 6.2 4.9 3.9
Portugal 8.8 8.9 9.1 8.8 10.7 12.0 12.9 15.8 16.4 14.1 12.6 11.2 9.0 7.0
Romania 7.1 7.2 6.4 5.6 6.5 7.0 7.2 6.8 7.1 6.8 6.8 5.9 4.9 4.2
Russian Federation 7.1 7.1 6.0 6.2 8.3 7.3 6.5 5.5 5.5 .. .. .. .. ..
Serbia 20.8 20.9 18.1 13.6 16.1 19.2 23.0 23.9 22.1 19.2 17.7 15.3 13.5 ..
Slovakia 16.4 13.5 11.2 9.6 12.1 14.5 13.7 14.0 14.2 13.2 11.5 9.7 8.1 6.5
Slovenia 6.5 6.0 4.9 4.4 5.9 7.3 8.2 8.9 10.1 9.7 9.0 8.0 6.6 5.1
Spain 9.2 8.5 8.2 11.3 17.9 19.9 21.4 24.8 26.1 24.5 22.1 19.6 17.2 15.3
Sweden 7.7 7.1 6.1 6.2 8.3 8.6 7.8 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.4 6.9 6.7 6.3
Switzerland 4.5 4.1 3.7 3.4 4.3 4.6 3.9 4.1 4.5 4.7 4.4 4.6 4.4 ..
Tajikistan 1.9 2.2 2.4 2.2 2.0 2.1 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.3 .. ..
Turkey 9.5 9.0 9.1 10.0 13.0 11.1 9.1 8.4 9.0 9.9 10.3 10.9 10.9 11.0
Turkmenistan 3.7 .. 3.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Ukraine 7.2 6.8 6.4 6.4 8.8 8.2 8.0 7.6 7.3 9.3 9.1 9.3 9.5 ..
North Macedonia 37.3 36.0 34.9 33.8 32.2 32.0 31.4 31.0 29.0 28.0 26.1 .. .. ..
United Kingdom 4.8 5.4 5.3 5.6 7.6 7.8 8.1 7.9 7.5 6.1 5.3 4.8 4.3 4.0
United States 5.1 4.6 4.6 5.8 9.3 9.6 8.9 8.1 7.4 6.2 5.3 4.9 4.4 3.9
Uzbekistan .. .. 5.0 4.9 5.0 5.4 5.0 4.9 4.9 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.8 ..
Country 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Albania 14.1 13.8 13.4 13.1 13.8 14.0 14.0 13.4 15.9 17.5 17.1 15.2 13.8 ..
Azerbaijan 7.3 6.6 6.3 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.9 5.0 5.0 5.0 ..
Austria 5.6 5.3 4.9 4.1 5.3 4.8 4.6 4.9 5.4 5.6 5.7 6.0 5.5 4.9
Armenia 31.2 27.8 28.7 16.4 18.7 19.0 18.4 17.3 16.2 17.6 18.5 18.0 17.8 ..
Belgium 8.5 8.3 7.5 7.0 7.9 8.3 7.2 7.6 8.4 8.5 8.5 7.8 7.1 6.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina .. 31.1 29.0 23.4 24.1 27.2 27.6 28.0 27.5 27.5 27.7 25.4 20.5 ..
Bulgaria 10.1 9.0 6.9 5.6 6.8 10.3 11.3 12.3 13.0 11.4 9.2 7.6 6.2 5.2
Belarus .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 5.1 5.2 5.8 5.6 ..
Canada 6.8 6.3 6.0 6.1 8.3 8.1 7.5 7.3 7.1 6.9 6.9 7.0 6.3 ..
Croatia 13.0 11.6 9.9 8.6 9.3 11.8 13.7 15.8 17.4 17.2 16.1 13.4 11.0 8.4
Cyprus 5.3 4.6 3.9 3.7 5.4 6.3 7.9 11.9 15.9 16.1 15.0 13.0 11.1 8.4
Czechia 7.9 7.1 5.3 4.4 6.7 7.3 6.7 7.0 7.0 6.1 5.1 4.0 2.9 2.2
Denmark 4.8 3.9 3.8 3.4 6.0 7.5 7.6 7.5 7.0 6.6 6.2 6.2 5.7 5.0
Estonia 8.0 5.9 4.6 5.5 13.5 16.7 12.3 10.0 8.6 7.4 6.2 6.8 5.8 5.4
Finland 8.4 7.7 6.9 6.4 8.2 8.4 7.8 7.7 8.2 8.7 9.4 8.8 8.6 7.4
France 8.9 8.8 8.0 7.4 9.1 9.3 9.2 9.8 10.3 10.3 10.4 10.1 9.4 9.1
Georgia 15.1 15.4 17.4 17.9 18.3 17.4 17.3 17.2 16.9 14.6 14.1 14.0 13.9 ..
Germany 11.2 10.1 8.5 7.4 7.6 7.0 5.8 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.6 4.1 3.8 3.4
Greece 10.0 9.0 8.4 7.8 9.6 12.7 17.9 24.5 27.5 26.5 24.9 23.6 21.5 19.3
Hungary 7.2 7.5 7.4 7.8 10.0 11.2 11.0 11.0 10.2 7.7 6.8 5.1 4.2 3.7
Iceland 2.6 2.9 2.3 3.0 7.2 7.6 7.1 6.0 5.4 5.0 4.0 3.0 2.8 2.7
Ireland 4.6 4.8 5.0 6.8 12.6 14.6 15.4 15.5 13.8 11.9 10.0 8.4 6.7 5.8
Israel 9.0 8.4 7.3 6.1 7.5 6.6 5.6 6.9 6.3 5.9 5.2 4.8 4.2 ..
Italy 7.7 6.8 6.1 6.7 7.7 8.4 8.4 10.7 12.1 12.7 11.9 11.7 11.2 10.6
Kyrgyzstan 8.1 8.3 8.2 8.2 8.4 8.6 8.5 8.4 8.3 8.0 7.6 7.2 6.9 ..
Latvia 10.0 7.0 6.1 7.7 17.5 19.5 16.2 15.0 11.9 10.8 9.9 9.6 8.7 7.4
Lithuania 8.3 5.8 4.3 5.8 13.8 17.8 15.4 13.4 11.8 10.7 9.1 7.9 7.1 6.2
Luxembourg 4.6 4.6 4.2 4.9 5.1 4.6 4.8 5.1 5.9 6.0 6.5 6.3 5.6 5.5
Malta 6.9 6.8 6.5 6.0 6.9 6.8 6.4 6.2 6.1 5.7 5.4 4.7 4.0 3.7
Republic of Moldova 7.3 7.6 5.1 4.0 6.4 7.4 6.8 5.6 5.2 4.0 5.0 4.2 4.1 ..
Montenegro 30.3 29.6 19.4 16.8 19.1 19.7 19.7 19.7 19.5 18.0 17.6 17.7 16.1 ..
Netherlands 5.9 5.0 4.2 3.7 4.4 5.0 5.0 5.8 7.3 7.4 6.9 6.0 4.9 3.8
Norway 4.5 3.4 2.5 2.7 3.3 3.7 3.4 3.3 3.8 3.6 4.5 4.8 4.2 3.9
Poland 17.9 13.9 9.6 7.1 8.1 9.7 9.7 10.1 10.3 9.0 7.5 6.2 4.9 3.9
Portugal 8.8 8.9 9.1 8.8 10.7 12.0 12.9 15.8 16.4 14.1 12.6 11.2 9.0 7.0
Romania 7.1 7.2 6.4 5.6 6.5 7.0 7.2 6.8 7.1 6.8 6.8 5.9 4.9 4.2
Russian Federation 7.1 7.1 6.0 6.2 8.3 7.3 6.5 5.5 5.5 .. .. .. .. ..
Serbia 20.8 20.9 18.1 13.6 16.1 19.2 23.0 23.9 22.1 19.2 17.7 15.3 13.5 ..
Slovakia 16.4 13.5 11.2 9.6 12.1 14.5 13.7 14.0 14.2 13.2 11.5 9.7 8.1 6.5
Slovenia 6.5 6.0 4.9 4.4 5.9 7.3 8.2 8.9 10.1 9.7 9.0 8.0 6.6 5.1
Spain 9.2 8.5 8.2 11.3 17.9 19.9 21.4 24.8 26.1 24.5 22.1 19.6 17.2 15.3
Sweden 7.7 7.1 6.1 6.2 8.3 8.6 7.8 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.4 6.9 6.7 6.3
Switzerland 4.5 4.1 3.7 3.4 4.3 4.6 3.9 4.1 4.5 4.7 4.4 4.6 4.4 ..
Tajikistan 1.9 2.2 2.4 2.2 2.0 2.1 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.3 .. ..
Turkey 9.5 9.0 9.1 10.0 13.0 11.1 9.1 8.4 9.0 9.9 10.3 10.9 10.9 11.0
Turkmenistan 3.7 .. 3.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Ukraine 7.2 6.8 6.4 6.4 8.8 8.2 8.0 7.6 7.3 9.3 9.1 9.3 9.5 ..
North Macedonia 37.3 36.0 34.9 33.8 32.2 32.0 31.4 31.0 29.0 28.0 26.1 .. .. ..
United Kingdom 4.8 5.4 5.3 5.6 7.6 7.8 8.1 7.9 7.5 6.1 5.3 4.8 4.3 4.0
United States 5.1 4.6 4.6 5.8 9.3 9.6 8.9 8.1 7.4 6.2 5.3 4.9 4.4 3.9
Uzbekistan .. .. 5.0 4.9 5.0 5.4 5.0 4.9 4.9 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.8 ..