Indicator 6.4.2

Indicator 6.4.2

Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources, %

The level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources is the ratio between total freshwater withdrawn by all major sectors and total renewable freshwater resources, after taking into account environmental water requirements. Main sectors, as defined by ISIC standards, include agriculture; forestry and fishing; manufacturing; electricity industry; and services. This indicator is also known as water withdrawal intensity.

INDICATOR 6.4.2
Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources. The level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources is the ratio between total freshwater withdrawn by all major sectors and total renewable freshwater resources, after taking into account environmental water requirements. Main sectors, as defined by ISIC standards, include agriculture; forestry and fishing; manufacturing; electricity industry; and services. This indicator is also known as water withdrawal intensity.
TARGET 6.4
By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity.
GOAL 6
Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
See United Nations Global SDG Database

Indicator 6.4.2

Indicator 6.4.2

Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources, %

Heat map
Bubble map
INDICATOR 6.4.2
Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources. The level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources is the ratio between total freshwater withdrawn by all major sectors and total renewable freshwater resources, after taking into account environmental water requirements. Main sectors, as defined by ISIC standards, include agriculture; forestry and fishing; manufacturing; electricity industry; and services. This indicator is also known as water withdrawal intensity.
TARGET 6.4
By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity.
GOAL 6
Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
See United Nations Global SDG Database

Indicator 6.4.2

Indicator 6.4.2

Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources, %

INDICATOR 6.4.2
Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources. The level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources is the ratio between total freshwater withdrawn by all major sectors and total renewable freshwater resources, after taking into account environmental water requirements. Main sectors, as defined by ISIC standards, include agriculture; forestry and fishing; manufacturing; electricity industry; and services. This indicator is also known as water withdrawal intensity.
TARGET 6.4
By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity.
GOAL 6
Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
See United Nations Global SDG Database

Indicator 6.4.2

Indicator 6.4.2

Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources, %

Country 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Albania 3.0 2.9 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 3.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6 1.2
Armenia 60.8 3.4 30.7 3.8 3.8 42.5 2.5 3.5 53.9 2.2 2.5 2.6 2.3
Austria 9.7 7.7 7.6 9.6 7.4 7.4 2.0 0.2 2.0 0.2 9.6 7.4 0.2
Azerbaijan 53.4 50.9 10.3 48.4 36.5 13.2 2.3 51.2 2.7 52.5 49.3 49.6 51.3
Belarus 1.4 5.3 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.8 5.2 1.0 1.5 1.4 1.5 4.5
Belgium 76.3 66.2 64.6 63.4 53.6 65.1 0.5 56.0 39.4 41.7 54.0 54.1 9.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.3 2.6 2.9 2.6 0.4 2.4 2.9 2.7 0.4 0.4 0.4 2.1 1.8
Bulgaria 45.8 7.6 45.2 6.9 6.9 7.0 6.1 39.7 6.7 6.6 41.8 40.1 40.1
Canada 4.3 4.1 0.2 0.5 3.7 3.8 3.8 2.9 3.7 3.7 0.4 3.7 3.7
Croatia 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.2 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.0 1.0 1.5 0.2 0.4 1.5
Cyprus 14.8 21.9 5.0 27.5 0.7 34.9 28.3 29.7 31.7 29.8 29.5 16.3 27.6
Czechia 18.6 30.2 29.6 18.3 28.7 28.0 25.1 25.1 24.3 14.9 9.4 0.7 12.7
Denmark 15.0 11.1 17.8 12.5 23.4 5.1 27.3 26.7 0.9 24.0 24.2 1.2 13.4
Estonia 19.8 17.4 0.7 19.9 0.1 16.9 18.9 0.1 0.7 0.7 0.1 17.4 10.9
Finland 14.6 0.9 12.5 11.5 1.8 9.5 8.5 7.5 4.4 5.5 1.0 6.6 7.1
France 27.1 25.1 24.9 25.0 2.7 4.7 16.6 23.9 4.6 15.9 4.7 2.6 16.2
Georgia 5.9 3.5 5.8 1.6 5.7 5.6 2.4 0.8 0.7 3.1 4.5 0.7 5.1
Germany 44.2 0.3 31.8 12.7 41.7 38.2 34.7 21.6 0.5 33.5 0.5 0.5 33.5
Greece 19.5 2.0 0.5 0.4 17.2 3.1 0.3 3.0 0.3 0.7 20.5 20.5 20.5
Hungary 7.6 7.5 8.8 1.3 1.3 0.6 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.7 1.1 1.1 1.1
Iceland 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.3
Ireland 0.5 3.6 2.7 0.4 4.4 4.7 1.5 3.3 5.8 2.4 3.7 0.9 7.3
Israel 119.0 65.8 116.7 41.5 41.8 60.3 105.5 102.1 41.6 103.4 45.9 42.5 100.4
Italy 7.9 47.2 8.1 8.1 13.7 8.3 6.8 30.0 30.0 30.0 14.9 30.0 14.9
Kazakhstan 31.6 28.4 8.3 19.5 30.4 8.9 19.0 10.2 8.5 3.0 3.0 32.7 32.7
Kyrgyzstan 50.0 1.4 50.0 2.2 46.4 1.5 2.2 46.4 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 2.2
Latvia 1.2 0.3 0.5 1.6 2.2 1.5 1.4 1.0 1.0 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.5
Lithuania 16.3 13.4 10.4 0.8 3.6 2.9 0.6 1.2 1.0 0.4 0.9 0.4 1.8
Luxembourg 4.1 0.0 0.3 0.2 3.8 3.7 3.6 0.3 3.5 0.1 0.1 0.0 4.1
Malta 1.6 70.9 62.8 81.0 75.4 48.0 30.8 89.1 34.0 48.0 91.1 33.8 1.3
Netherlands 18.3 0.1 19.0 20.8 0.2 0.1 20.2 18.0 16.0 15.2 0.2 11.8 17.0
North Macedonia 13.3 19.3 5.6 4.5 8.3 1.1 2.6 16.4 5.3 5.5 25.3 25.3 25.3
Norway 2.3 2.2 2.2 0.6 0.8 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 0.6 0.8 0.6 2.0
Poland 29.7 39.3 28.2 26.5 7.8 39.7 38.9 6.8 36.2 25.2 3.5 21.6 20.0
Portugal 18.4 18.2 3.7 18.0 17.8 4.1 11.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 1.8 12.3 1.8
Republic of Moldova 0.5 0.5 0.5 12.6 0.5 0.6 12.5 12.4 9.6 0.6 12.5 0.7 12.5
Romania 6.4 4.7 1.1 5.8 0.9 6.1 6.0 1.0 1.0 1.2 6.3 1.3 6.0
Russian Federation 4.0 4.0 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.1 1.1 1.2 4.1 1.9 1.9
Serbia 4.5 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.4 5.0 5.3 4.4 5.3 5.3 6.1 6.3 0.8
Slovakia 1.3 0.1 0.1 2.6 2.6 1.3 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.3 2.4 2.4 2.4
Slovenia 0.0 5.8 6.4 6.3 0.0 0.0 6.7 5.5 0.0 0.0 6.3 6.5 0.0
Spain 7.9 7.8 32.6 9.2 47.8 9.0 8.8 44.8 43.0 6.7 6.4 7.8 40.2
Sweden 3.8 2.2 3.9 1.5 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 1.4
Switzerland 8.6 0.0 8.2 8.0 7.8 7.6 6.6 6.5 6.5 0.6 6.5 6.5 6.5
Tajikistan 73.3 72.7 3.8 65.1 2.8 70.4 3.4 69.3 68.7 52.8 3.9 64.5 69.9
Türkiye 30.8 31.2 33.5 1.2 36.2 3.7 38.1 38.6 39.9 44.3 43.7 39.5 45.7
Turkmenistan 143.6 143.6 3.9 143.6 143.6 143.6 143.6 143.6 3.9 143.6 143.6 143.6 143.6
Ukraine 4.3 19.4 19.3 19.2 18.0 16.7 5.1 14.1 11.8 5.2 13.9 13.9 13.7
United Kingdom 2.3 14.2 14.1 1.6 13.1 10.0 13.0 12.4 13.9 14.4 14.4 2.0 14.4
United States 28.8 28.1 27.3 26.5 26.9 27.2 27.5 27.8 28.2 28.2 11.2 28.2 28.2
Uzbekistan 141.8 142.2 142.6 129.9 143.5 143.9 144.3 144.7 158.1 156.4 168.9 168.9 168.9
Country 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Albania 3.0 2.9 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 3.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6 1.2
Armenia 60.8 3.4 30.7 3.8 3.8 42.5 2.5 3.5 53.9 2.2 2.5 2.6 2.3
Austria 9.7 7.7 7.6 9.6 7.4 7.4 2.0 0.2 2.0 0.2 9.6 7.4 0.2
Azerbaijan 53.4 50.9 10.3 48.4 36.5 13.2 2.3 51.2 2.7 52.5 49.3 49.6 51.3
Belarus 1.4 5.3 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.8 5.2 1.0 1.5 1.4 1.5 4.5
Belgium 76.3 66.2 64.6 63.4 53.6 65.1 0.5 56.0 39.4 41.7 54.0 54.1 9.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.3 2.6 2.9 2.6 0.4 2.4 2.9 2.7 0.4 0.4 0.4 2.1 1.8
Bulgaria 45.8 7.6 45.2 6.9 6.9 7.0 6.1 39.7 6.7 6.6 41.8 40.1 40.1
Canada 4.3 4.1 0.2 0.5 3.7 3.8 3.8 2.9 3.7 3.7 0.4 3.7 3.7
Croatia 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.2 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.0 1.0 1.5 0.2 0.4 1.5
Cyprus 14.8 21.9 5.0 27.5 0.7 34.9 28.3 29.7 31.7 29.8 29.5 16.3 27.6
Czechia 18.6 30.2 29.6 18.3 28.7 28.0 25.1 25.1 24.3 14.9 9.4 0.7 12.7
Denmark 15.0 11.1 17.8 12.5 23.4 5.1 27.3 26.7 0.9 24.0 24.2 1.2 13.4
Estonia 19.8 17.4 0.7 19.9 0.1 16.9 18.9 0.1 0.7 0.7 0.1 17.4 10.9
Finland 14.6 0.9 12.5 11.5 1.8 9.5 8.5 7.5 4.4 5.5 1.0 6.6 7.1
France 27.1 25.1 24.9 25.0 2.7 4.7 16.6 23.9 4.6 15.9 4.7 2.6 16.2
Georgia 5.9 3.5 5.8 1.6 5.7 5.6 2.4 0.8 0.7 3.1 4.5 0.7 5.1
Germany 44.2 0.3 31.8 12.7 41.7 38.2 34.7 21.6 0.5 33.5 0.5 0.5 33.5
Greece 19.5 2.0 0.5 0.4 17.2 3.1 0.3 3.0 0.3 0.7 20.5 20.5 20.5
Hungary 7.6 7.5 8.8 1.3 1.3 0.6 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.7 1.1 1.1 1.1
Iceland 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.3
Ireland 0.5 3.6 2.7 0.4 4.4 4.7 1.5 3.3 5.8 2.4 3.7 0.9 7.3
Israel 119.0 65.8 116.7 41.5 41.8 60.3 105.5 102.1 41.6 103.4 45.9 42.5 100.4
Italy 7.9 47.2 8.1 8.1 13.7 8.3 6.8 30.0 30.0 30.0 14.9 30.0 14.9
Kazakhstan 31.6 28.4 8.3 19.5 30.4 8.9 19.0 10.2 8.5 3.0 3.0 32.7 32.7
Kyrgyzstan 50.0 1.4 50.0 2.2 46.4 1.5 2.2 46.4 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 2.2
Latvia 1.2 0.3 0.5 1.6 2.2 1.5 1.4 1.0 1.0 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.5
Lithuania 16.3 13.4 10.4 0.8 3.6 2.9 0.6 1.2 1.0 0.4 0.9 0.4 1.8
Luxembourg 4.1 0.0 0.3 0.2 3.8 3.7 3.6 0.3 3.5 0.1 0.1 0.0 4.1
Malta 1.6 70.9 62.8 81.0 75.4 48.0 30.8 89.1 34.0 48.0 91.1 33.8 1.3
Netherlands 18.3 0.1 19.0 20.8 0.2 0.1 20.2 18.0 16.0 15.2 0.2 11.8 17.0
North Macedonia 13.3 19.3 5.6 4.5 8.3 1.1 2.6 16.4 5.3 5.5 25.3 25.3 25.3
Norway 2.3 2.2 2.2 0.6 0.8 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 0.6 0.8 0.6 2.0
Poland 29.7 39.3 28.2 26.5 7.8 39.7 38.9 6.8 36.2 25.2 3.5 21.6 20.0
Portugal 18.4 18.2 3.7 18.0 17.8 4.1 11.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 1.8 12.3 1.8
Republic of Moldova 0.5 0.5 0.5 12.6 0.5 0.6 12.5 12.4 9.6 0.6 12.5 0.7 12.5
Romania 6.4 4.7 1.1 5.8 0.9 6.1 6.0 1.0 1.0 1.2 6.3 1.3 6.0
Russian Federation 4.0 4.0 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.1 1.1 1.2 4.1 1.9 1.9
Serbia 4.5 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.4 5.0 5.3 4.4 5.3 5.3 6.1 6.3 0.8
Slovakia 1.3 0.1 0.1 2.6 2.6 1.3 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.3 2.4 2.4 2.4
Slovenia 0.0 5.8 6.4 6.3 0.0 0.0 6.7 5.5 0.0 0.0 6.3 6.5 0.0
Spain 7.9 7.8 32.6 9.2 47.8 9.0 8.8 44.8 43.0 6.7 6.4 7.8 40.2
Sweden 3.8 2.2 3.9 1.5 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 1.4
Switzerland 8.6 0.0 8.2 8.0 7.8 7.6 6.6 6.5 6.5 0.6 6.5 6.5 6.5
Tajikistan 73.3 72.7 3.8 65.1 2.8 70.4 3.4 69.3 68.7 52.8 3.9 64.5 69.9
Türkiye 30.8 31.2 33.5 1.2 36.2 3.7 38.1 38.6 39.9 44.3 43.7 39.5 45.7
Turkmenistan 143.6 143.6 3.9 143.6 143.6 143.6 143.6 143.6 3.9 143.6 143.6 143.6 143.6
Ukraine 4.3 19.4 19.3 19.2 18.0 16.7 5.1 14.1 11.8 5.2 13.9 13.9 13.7
United Kingdom 2.3 14.2 14.1 1.6 13.1 10.0 13.0 12.4 13.9 14.4 14.4 2.0 14.4
United States 28.8 28.1 27.3 26.5 26.9 27.2 27.5 27.8 28.2 28.2 11.2 28.2 28.2
Uzbekistan 141.8 142.2 142.6 129.9 143.5 143.9 144.3 144.7 158.1 156.4 168.9 168.9 168.9
INDICATOR 6.4.2
Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources. The level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources is the ratio between total freshwater withdrawn by all major sectors and total renewable freshwater resources, after taking into account environmental water requirements. Main sectors, as defined by ISIC standards, include agriculture; forestry and fishing; manufacturing; electricity industry; and services. This indicator is also known as water withdrawal intensity.
TARGET 6.4
By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity.
GOAL 6
Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
See United Nations Global SDG Database

Footnote