Indicator 6.4.2

Indicator 6.4.2

Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources, %

The level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources is the ratio between total freshwater withdrawn by all major sectors and total renewable freshwater resources, after taking into account environmental water requirements. Main sectors, as defined by ISIC standards, include agriculture; forestry and fishing; manufacturing; electricity industry; and services. This indicator is also known as water withdrawal intensity.

INDICATOR 6.4.2
Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources. The level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources is the ratio between total freshwater withdrawn by all major sectors and total renewable freshwater resources, after taking into account environmental water requirements. Main sectors, as defined by ISIC standards, include agriculture; forestry and fishing; manufacturing; electricity industry; and services. This indicator is also known as water withdrawal intensity.
TARGET 6.4
By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity.
GOAL 6
Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
See United Nations Global SDG Database

Indicator 6.4.2

Indicator 6.4.2

Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources, %

Heat map
Bubble map
INDICATOR 6.4.2
Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources. The level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources is the ratio between total freshwater withdrawn by all major sectors and total renewable freshwater resources, after taking into account environmental water requirements. Main sectors, as defined by ISIC standards, include agriculture; forestry and fishing; manufacturing; electricity industry; and services. This indicator is also known as water withdrawal intensity.
TARGET 6.4
By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity.
GOAL 6
Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
See United Nations Global SDG Database

Indicator 6.4.2

Indicator 6.4.2

Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources, %

INDICATOR 6.4.2
Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources. The level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources is the ratio between total freshwater withdrawn by all major sectors and total renewable freshwater resources, after taking into account environmental water requirements. Main sectors, as defined by ISIC standards, include agriculture; forestry and fishing; manufacturing; electricity industry; and services. This indicator is also known as water withdrawal intensity.
TARGET 6.4
By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity.
GOAL 6
Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
See United Nations Global SDG Database

Indicator 6.4.2

Indicator 6.4.2

Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources, %

Country 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Albania 8.4 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.0 5.5 5.5 7.1
Armenia 55.9 57.0 60.8 58.0 49.7 42.9 49.2 59.3 59.6 57.7 66.0 64.2 57.8
Austria 9.6 9.5 9.4 9.3 9.5 9.6 9.6 9.6 9.6 9.6 9.6 9.6 ..
Azerbaijan 53.2 54.6 54.2 51.8 50.5 51.1 52.0 52.9 55.2 53.5 54.3 55.2 56.4
Belarus 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.2 4.8 4.8 4.6
Belgium 78.5 77.4 76.3 75.3 73.7 73.1 62.4 65.1 59.3 56.0 49.1 49.1 49.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.7
Bulgaria 47.0 46.4 45.8 47.5 45.2 44.1 47.2 42.2 40.4 39.7 41.6 42.1 41.8
Canada 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.7
Croatia 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Cyprus 22.8 22.6 22.4 21.9 25.2 27.5 30.2 34.9 28.3 29.7 31.7 29.8 29.5
Czechia 29.6 29.8 30.0 30.2 29.6 29.7 28.7 28.0 25.1 25.1 24.3 24.8 24.8
Denmark 17.0 16.0 15.0 18.4 17.4 21.9 23.4 19.7 27.3 26.7 22.0 20.0 20.0
Estonia 18.0 18.9 19.8 17.4 14.9 19.9 20.3 17.7 18.9 18.6 17.1 19.0 19.3
Finland 14.1 15.6 15.6 15.6 15.6 15.6 15.6 15.6 15.6 15.6 15.6 .. ..
France 29.3 28.2 27.1 26.0 24.9 25.0 26.4 24.6 23.8 23.9 24.6 23.1 23.1
Georgia 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Germany 46.8 45.5 44.2 44.5 44.9 45.2 41.7 38.2 34.7 34.3 33.9 33.5 33.5
Greece 19.5 19.5 19.5 19.6 19.8 19.9 20.1 20.1 20.1 20.1 20.0 22.7 22.7
Hungary 9.7 9.6 9.5 9.4 11.0 9.3 9.0 8.7 9.1 6.8 7.0 6.8 7.8
Iceland 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Ireland 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6
Israel 121.3 120.2 119.0 117.9 116.7 115.6 112.2 108.9 105.5 102.1 98.9 102.8 103.4
Italy 32.3 30.9 29.5 47.2 29.6 29.7 29.8 29.9 30.0 30.0 30.0 30.0 30.0
Kazakhstan 34.4 29.5 31.6 28.4 29.9 33.0 30.4 29.7 31.2 32.0 30.0 30.0 31.1
Kyrgyzstan 52.6 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 .. .. ..
Latvia 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.3 2.3 1.6 2.2 1.5 1.4 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.1
Lithuania 17.5 16.9 16.3 14.4 12.4 10.4 8.5 6.5 4.5 2.6 2.8 2.2 1.9
Luxembourg 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.8
Malta 69.1 69.7 70.3 70.9 62.8 81.0 75.4 79.4 91.3 89.1 82.8 83.0 85.1
Netherlands 21.9 21.4 20.8 20.3 21.7 20.7 19.3 20.4 20.2 18.0 16.0 15.2 15.2
North Macedonia 14.1 13.7 13.3 13.3 13.2 13.1 13.1 13.0 12.9 12.9 12.8 12.7 12.7
Norway 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Poland 41.2 41.4 41.6 39.3 39.8 37.6 41.2 39.7 38.9 36.8 36.2 35.6 34.9
Portugal 19.3 18.8 18.4 18.4 18.4 18.4 18.4 18.4 18.4 18.4 18.4 18.4 ..
Republic of Moldova 12.7 12.7 12.7 13.1 12.8 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.5 12.4 12.5 12.5 12.5
Romania 5.7 5.0 6.4 6.8 6.4 5.8 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 6.1 6.0 6.3
Russian Federation 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.1 3.9 4.5 4.0 4.1 4.1
Serbia 2.3 2.4 4.5 4.5 4.6 5.0 5.4 5.0 5.3 4.4 5.3 5.3 6.1
Slovakia 3.9 3.4 3.0 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.7 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.4
Slovenia 6.2 6.3 6.3 7.0 6.4 6.3 5.7 6.3 7.8 6.6 6.1 6.0 6.3
Spain 51.0 49.4 47.7 47.4 49.2 47.7 47.8 50.1 44.1 44.8 43.0 42.6 42.6
Sweden 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.4
Switzerland 8.6 8.5 8.3 8.2 8.1 7.9 7.8 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Tajikistan 74.0 73.9 73.3 72.7 72.1 71.6 71.0 70.4 69.9 69.3 68.7 68.7 68.7
Turkey 29.9 30.4 30.8 31.2 33.5 34.9 36.2 37.5 38.1 38.6 39.9 44.3 44.6
Turkmenistan 143.6 143.6 143.6 143.6 143.6 143.6 143.6 143.6 143.6 .. .. .. ..
Ukraine 19.5 19.5 19.4 19.4 19.3 19.2 18.0 16.7 15.4 14.1 11.8 12.1 11.2
United Kingdom 15.5 15.0 14.5 14.2 14.1 14.1 13.1 13.7 13.0 12.4 13.9 14.4 14.4
United States 30.3 29.6 28.8 28.1 27.3 26.5 26.9 27.2 27.5 27.8 28.2 28.2 28.2
Uzbekistan 141.0 141.4 141.8 142.2 142.6 143.1 143.5 143.9 144.3 144.7 158.1 156.4 168.9
Country 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Albania 8.4 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.0 5.5 5.5 7.1
Armenia 55.9 57.0 60.8 58.0 49.7 42.9 49.2 59.3 59.6 57.7 66.0 64.2 57.8
Austria 9.6 9.5 9.4 9.3 9.5 9.6 9.6 9.6 9.6 9.6 9.6 9.6 ..
Azerbaijan 53.2 54.6 54.2 51.8 50.5 51.1 52.0 52.9 55.2 53.5 54.3 55.2 56.4
Belarus 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.2 4.8 4.8 4.6
Belgium 78.5 77.4 76.3 75.3 73.7 73.1 62.4 65.1 59.3 56.0 49.1 49.1 49.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.7
Bulgaria 47.0 46.4 45.8 47.5 45.2 44.1 47.2 42.2 40.4 39.7 41.6 42.1 41.8
Canada 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.7
Croatia 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Cyprus 22.8 22.6 22.4 21.9 25.2 27.5 30.2 34.9 28.3 29.7 31.7 29.8 29.5
Czechia 29.6 29.8 30.0 30.2 29.6 29.7 28.7 28.0 25.1 25.1 24.3 24.8 24.8
Denmark 17.0 16.0 15.0 18.4 17.4 21.9 23.4 19.7 27.3 26.7 22.0 20.0 20.0
Estonia 18.0 18.9 19.8 17.4 14.9 19.9 20.3 17.7 18.9 18.6 17.1 19.0 19.3
Finland 14.1 15.6 15.6 15.6 15.6 15.6 15.6 15.6 15.6 15.6 15.6 .. ..
France 29.3 28.2 27.1 26.0 24.9 25.0 26.4 24.6 23.8 23.9 24.6 23.1 23.1
Georgia 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Germany 46.8 45.5 44.2 44.5 44.9 45.2 41.7 38.2 34.7 34.3 33.9 33.5 33.5
Greece 19.5 19.5 19.5 19.6 19.8 19.9 20.1 20.1 20.1 20.1 20.0 22.7 22.7
Hungary 9.7 9.6 9.5 9.4 11.0 9.3 9.0 8.7 9.1 6.8 7.0 6.8 7.8
Iceland 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Ireland 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6
Israel 121.3 120.2 119.0 117.9 116.7 115.6 112.2 108.9 105.5 102.1 98.9 102.8 103.4
Italy 32.3 30.9 29.5 47.2 29.6 29.7 29.8 29.9 30.0 30.0 30.0 30.0 30.0
Kazakhstan 34.4 29.5 31.6 28.4 29.9 33.0 30.4 29.7 31.2 32.0 30.0 30.0 31.1
Kyrgyzstan 52.6 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 .. .. ..
Latvia 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.3 2.3 1.6 2.2 1.5 1.4 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.1
Lithuania 17.5 16.9 16.3 14.4 12.4 10.4 8.5 6.5 4.5 2.6 2.8 2.2 1.9
Luxembourg 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.8
Malta 69.1 69.7 70.3 70.9 62.8 81.0 75.4 79.4 91.3 89.1 82.8 83.0 85.1
Netherlands 21.9 21.4 20.8 20.3 21.7 20.7 19.3 20.4 20.2 18.0 16.0 15.2 15.2
North Macedonia 14.1 13.7 13.3 13.3 13.2 13.1 13.1 13.0 12.9 12.9 12.8 12.7 12.7
Norway 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Poland 41.2 41.4 41.6 39.3 39.8 37.6 41.2 39.7 38.9 36.8 36.2 35.6 34.9
Portugal 19.3 18.8 18.4 18.4 18.4 18.4 18.4 18.4 18.4 18.4 18.4 18.4 ..
Republic of Moldova 12.7 12.7 12.7 13.1 12.8 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.5 12.4 12.5 12.5 12.5
Romania 5.7 5.0 6.4 6.8 6.4 5.8 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 6.1 6.0 6.3
Russian Federation 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.1 3.9 4.5 4.0 4.1 4.1
Serbia 2.3 2.4 4.5 4.5 4.6 5.0 5.4 5.0 5.3 4.4 5.3 5.3 6.1
Slovakia 3.9 3.4 3.0 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.7 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.4
Slovenia 6.2 6.3 6.3 7.0 6.4 6.3 5.7 6.3 7.8 6.6 6.1 6.0 6.3
Spain 51.0 49.4 47.7 47.4 49.2 47.7 47.8 50.1 44.1 44.8 43.0 42.6 42.6
Sweden 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.4
Switzerland 8.6 8.5 8.3 8.2 8.1 7.9 7.8 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Tajikistan 74.0 73.9 73.3 72.7 72.1 71.6 71.0 70.4 69.9 69.3 68.7 68.7 68.7
Turkey 29.9 30.4 30.8 31.2 33.5 34.9 36.2 37.5 38.1 38.6 39.9 44.3 44.6
Turkmenistan 143.6 143.6 143.6 143.6 143.6 143.6 143.6 143.6 143.6 .. .. .. ..
Ukraine 19.5 19.5 19.4 19.4 19.3 19.2 18.0 16.7 15.4 14.1 11.8 12.1 11.2
United Kingdom 15.5 15.0 14.5 14.2 14.1 14.1 13.1 13.7 13.0 12.4 13.9 14.4 14.4
United States 30.3 29.6 28.8 28.1 27.3 26.5 26.9 27.2 27.5 27.8 28.2 28.2 28.2
Uzbekistan 141.0 141.4 141.8 142.2 142.6 143.1 143.5 143.9 144.3 144.7 158.1 156.4 168.9
INDICATOR 6.4.2
Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources. The level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources is the ratio between total freshwater withdrawn by all major sectors and total renewable freshwater resources, after taking into account environmental water requirements. Main sectors, as defined by ISIC standards, include agriculture; forestry and fishing; manufacturing; electricity industry; and services. This indicator is also known as water withdrawal intensity.
TARGET 6.4
By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity.
GOAL 6
Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
See United Nations Global SDG Database

Footnote