UNUnited Nations Economic Commission for Europe
Convictions by Type of Conviction , Sex, Country and Year

Convictions by Type of Conviction , Sex, Country and Year

Source: UNECE Statistical Database, compiled from national official sources.

Definition:
Conviction is the verdict that results when a court of law finds a defendant guilty of a crime.
A serious assault is an injury whereby life could be endangered, including cases of injury involving the use of dangerous instrument. Cases where instruments are used only to threaten are excluded.
An assault refers to physical attack against the body of another person, including battery but excluding indecent assault.
A homicide is intentional or unintentional killing. Intentional homicide is a death deliberately inflicted on a person by another person, including infanticide.Non-intentional homicide is a death not deliberately inflicted on a person by another person. That includes crime of manslaughter but excludes traffic accidents that result in a death of persons. The distinction between intentional and unintentional homicide differs from country to country, as does the definition of attempted murder.
Rape is a sexual intercourse without valid consent.
Robbery is a theft of property from a person, overcoming resistance by force or threat of force.
Theft is any act of intentionally and unlawfully removing property belonging to another person (or organisation), excluding burglary.
Drug crimes are any violation involving the illicit brokerage, cultivation, delivery (on any terms whatsoever), dispatch, dispatch in transit, distribution, extraction, exportation or importation, offering for sale, preparation, production, purchase, manufacture, sale, traffic, transportation, or use of narcotic drugs.

General note: Data come from administrative data sources unless otherwise specified.

.. - data not available

Austria:
*")="Break in methodlogy (2000): Significantly reduced number of convictions between 1999 and 2000: the decline is due to diversion which is now applicable to adults in criminal law.

Bulgaria:
*")="Break in methodlogy (2000): Until 1997 data are based on the activity of the regional and district courts on penal trials of general, private and administrative character. Since 1998 the information for the activity of military courts is also included.

Bulgaria:
*")="Break in methodlogy (2012): Since 2012 data include activities of the Special Criminal Court.

Canada:
*")=" Found guilty includes guilty of the charged offence, of an included offence, of an attempt of the charged offence, or of an attempt of an included offence. This category also includes cases where an absolute or conditional discharge has been imposed. Data refer to fiscal year (April 1 through March 31).
Data do not cover all provinces and territories.

Croatia:
*")="Change in definition (1980 - 2012): Data refer to adults serving imprisonment sentences.

Cyprus:
*")=" Data cover only the area controlled by the Republic of Cyprus.
2003: break in series, change in data recording process of serious crimes.

Denmark:
*")="Change in definition (1980 - 2012): All persons with a decision, incl. acquitted and prosecutor dropped
Assault: Include serious assault and homicide

Estonia:
*")="Break in methodlogy (1990 - 1995): Change in laws and methodology.

Estonia:
*")="Change in definition (1990 - 2013): Theft includes burglary.

Finland:
*")="Break in methodlogy (2000): The Penal Code includes the offences against the Road Traffic Act carrying imprisonment as penalty.

Finland:
*")="Change in definition (1980 - 2012): Data refer to offences against the Penal Code only.

France:
*")="Additional information (1995 - 2002): Amnesties (part of convictions was not registered).

France:
*")="Change in definition (1990 - 2011): Data are based on different classification of offences.

Georgia:
*")="Territorial change (2000 - 2012): Data do not cover Abkhazia AR and Tskhinvali Region.

Germany:
*")="Territorial change (1980 - 2006): Data refer to former territory of Germany.

Greece:
*")="Change in definition (1980 - 2010): Number of convictions equals to number of convicted persons (persons found definitively guilty from penal courts). Serious assault excludes fatal body injuries.

Iceland:
*")="Change in definition (1995 - 2011): Data refer to convictions from the district courts.

Ireland:
*")=" 2009: break in series, change in methodology.

Israel:
*")="Reference period (1980): Data refer to 1981

Israel:
*")="Reference period (1990): Data refer to 1989

Italy:
*")="Break in methodlogy (2000): Until 2000 data referred to the most serious crime. Series from 2000 to 2011 have been updated according to the new systems and calculating the convinctions instead of the persons convicted.

Italy:
*")="Change in definition (1980 - 2011): Rape: convicted for misdemeanours are not included.

Kazakhstan:
*")="Break in methodlogy (2000): Change of source as of 2000

Kyrgyzstan:
*")="Change in definition (2000 - 2008): Data are changed concidering the definition of the robbery.

Latvia:
*")="Break in methodlogy (2011): Data include fraud and misappropriation on small scale

Latvia:
*")="Change in definition (2000 - 2012): Data for theft include burglary.

Moldova, Republic of:
*")="Territorial change (2004 - 2013): Data exclude the territory of the Transnistria and municipality of Bender

Montenegro:
*")=" 2001-2006: data refer to convicted adults. From 2007: data refer to convicted adults and juveniles. Assaults include serious assaults.

Netherlands:
*")="Change in definition (1995 - 2012): Assaults include serious assaults. Data exclude persons with unknown sex.

Norway:
*")=" Until 2000: the total does not include convictions for misdemeanours, i.e. ticket fines and prosecutions conditionally dropped are not included.

Poland:
*")="Additional information (1990 - 2012): Data on homicide is available only for both sexes.

Poland:
*")="Change in definition (1980 - 2012): Data refer to adults only.

Serbia:
*")="Territorial change (2000 - 2012): Data exclude territory of Kosovo and Metohija.

Slovakia:
*")="Break in methodlogy (2006): Change in criminal code.

Slovenia:
*")="Break in methodlogy (1995): Change in law.

Spain:
*")="Break in methodlogy (2007): change in source, data include only firm convictions.

Spain:
*")="Change in definition (2000 - 2013): Total could be less than sum of convictions by type as each conviction can include different crimes.

Sweden:
*")="Break in methodlogy (2005): Break in series for convictions of Rape due to changes in legislation for sexual offenses.

Sweden:
*")="Change in definition (1995 - 2000): Includes attempts, assistance, preparation and conspiracy to commit an offence.
Drug crime does not include drug trafficking for the years 1995 and 2000. Drug trafficking is included from 2001 an onwards.

Sweden:
*")="Change in definition (2001 - 2012): Includes attempts, assistance, preparation and conspiracy to commit an offence.
Data includes drug trafficking.

Switzerland:
*")="Change in definition (1990 - 1995): Only convicted persons for felonies and misdemeanours.
Data are not complete (Juvenile convictions are not available)

Switzerland:
*")="Change in definition (2000 - 2012): Only convicted persons for felonies and misdemeanours.

Turkey:
*")="Break in methodlogy (2009): Change in data compilation method.

Turkey:
*")="Change in definition (1990 - 2010): Data includes intentional and non-intentional homicide. Theft includes burglary.

United Kingdom:
*")="Change in definition (2000 - 2007): Serious assault includes attempted murder. Rape includes attempted rape.

United Kingdom:
*")="Change in definition (2008 - 2012): Serious assault includes attempted murder. Rape includes attempted rape.
Male and female may not add up to total because sex is not always recorded.

United Kingdom:
*")="Territorial change (2000 - 2012): Data refer to England and Wales.

United States:
*")=" Data represent felony convictions in State and Federal Courts. Convictions in juvenile courts are not included. Data do not distinguish between assault and serious assault.
1995: data refers to 1994.