UNUnited Nations Economic Commission for Europe
Convictions by Type of Conviction , Sex, Country and Year

Convictions by Type of Conviction , Sex, Country and Year

Source: UNECE Statistical Database, compiled from national official sources.

Definition:
Conviction is the verdict that results when a court of law finds a defendant guilty of a crime.
A serious assault is an injury whereby life could be endangered, including cases of injury involving the use of dangerous instrument. Cases where instruments are used only to threaten are excluded.
An assault refers to physical attack against the body of another person, including battery but excluding indecent assault.
A homicide is intentional or unintentional killing. Intentional homicide is a death deliberately inflicted on a person by another person, including infanticide.Non-intentional homicide is a death not deliberately inflicted on a person by another person. That includes crime of manslaughter but excludes traffic accidents that result in a death of persons. The distinction between intentional and unintentional homicide differs from country to country, as does the definition of attempted murder.
Rape is a sexual intercourse without valid consent.
Robbery is a theft of property from a person, overcoming resistance by force or threat of force.
Theft is any act of intentionally and unlawfully removing property belonging to another person (or organisation), excluding burglary.
Drug crimes are any violation involving the illicit brokerage, cultivation, delivery (on any terms whatsoever), dispatch, dispatch in transit, distribution, extraction, exportation or importation, offering for sale, preparation, production, purchase, manufacture, sale, traffic, transportation, or use of narcotic drugs.

General note: Data come from administrative data sources unless otherwise specified.

.. - data not available

Austria:
*")=" 2000: break in series, change in definition of adult in criminal law.

Canada:
*")=" Found guilty includes guilty of the charged offence, of an included offence, of an attempt of the charged offence, or of an attempt of an included offence. This category also includes cases where an absolute or conditional discharge has been imposed. Data refer to fiscal year (April 1 through March 31).
Data do not cover all provinces and territories.

Croatia:
*")=" Data refer to adults serving imprisonment sentences.

Cyprus:
*")=" Data cover only the area controlled by the Republic of Cyprus.
2003: break in series, change in data recording process of serious crimes.

Estonia:
*")=" Assault includes battery, theft includes burglary. Juveniles included. 1990/1995: break in series: change in laws and methodology.

Finland:
*")=" Data refer to offences against the Penal Code only. From 1999: The Penal Code includes the offences against the Road Traffic Act carrying imprisonment as penalty.

France:
*")=" 1995 and 2002: amnesties (part of convictions was not registered). Data are based on different classification of offences.

Georgia:
*")=" Geographical coverage: data do not cover Abkhaz AR and Tskhinvali Region.

Germany:
*")=" 1980 - 2006: data refer to former territory of Germany.

Greece:
*")=" Number of convictions equals to number of convicted persons (persons found definitively guilty from penal courts). Theft includes agricultural thefts, but excludes car thefts. Serious assault excludes fatal body injuries.

Iceland:
*")=" Data refer to convictions from the district courts.

Ireland:
*")=" 2009: break in series, change in methodology.

Israel:
*")=" 1980: data refer to 1981, 1990: data refer to 1989.

Italy:
*")=" Rape: convicted for misdemeanours are not included.

Latvia:
*")=" Data for theft include burglary.

Montenegro:
*")=" 2001-2006: data refer to convicted adults. From 2007: data refer to convicted adults and juveniles. Assaults include serious assaults.

Netherlands:
*")=" Assaults include serious assaults. Data exclude persons with unknown sex.

Norway:
*")=" Until 2000: the total does not include convictions for misdemeanours, i.e. ticket fines and prosecutions conditionally dropped are not included.

Poland:
*")=" Data refer to adults only.

Serbia:
*")=" From 2000: data exclude territory of Kosovo and Metohija.

Slovakia:
*")=" 2006: break in series: change in criminal code.

Slovenia:
*")=" 1990/1995: break in series, change in law.

Spain:
*")=" Total could be less than sum of convictions by type as each conviction can include different crimes. From 2007: break in series, change in source, data include only firm convictions.

Sweden:
*")=" 2005: break in series for convictions of Rape due to changes in legislation for sexual offenses.

Switzerland:
*")=" Data for 1990 and 1995 are not complete. Data for Juvenile convictions are only available since 2000.

Turkey:
*")=" 2009: break in series, change in data compillation method. Homicide includes intentional and non-intentional homicide. Theft includes burglary.

United Kingdom:
*")=" Data refer to England and Wales only. Serious assault includes attempted murder. Rape includes attempted rape. From 2008: sex may be recorded as 'Not Stated'.

United States:
*")=" Data represent felony convictions in State and Federal Courts. Convictions in juvenile courts are not included. Data do not distinguish between assault and serious assault.
1995: data refers to 1994.